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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

International Training & Assistance (ITA)
for Bank Supervisors

Principles of Asset/Liability Management SeminarFederal Reserve System Courses

Type of Participant Targeted

The Principles of Asset/Liability Management (PALM) Seminar is designed for safety and soundness bank examiners. It should be taken in examiners' careers when they begin to assess and evaluate asset/ liability management (ALM) activities and the market-risk sensitivity of financial institutions as a part of their routine job function.


Participants should have a general understanding of intermediate financial concepts--similar to that achieved in junior or senior level economics and finance classes. This background should include familiarity with futures, forwards, swaps, and options; duration; and intermediate balance sheet analysis. Participants are encouraged to check their proficiency by reviewing the background papers provided as pre-course supplementary course materials.

Course Overview

PALM provides an in-depth exposure to ALM, concepts, and methodologies as they apply to a financial institution's banking book--non-trading assets and liabilities. (Trading assets are addressed in a companion class, the Market Risk Analysis Seminar.) The materials covered in PALM will enable participants to identify and draw conclusions about interest rate, investment, and liquidity-risk issues they will encounter while examining financial institutions. The course contains a case study based on an intermediate-sized U.S. commercial bank. The case study is used to illustrate and reinforce the balance sheet ALM concepts presented in the lectures. This 4-1/2-day course has no pre-course work, although background papers on various subjects are provided.

Course Objectives

This program is designed to give participants a broad overview of the basic principles of ALM, including

  • Interest-rate risk
  • Investment portfolio management
  • Liquidity risk
  • Balance sheet hedging
  • ALM model risk management

The class will also provide participants with a basic understanding of

  • How financial markets determine interest rates
  • How changes in interest rates can affect the risk posture and profitability of financial institutions
  • What tools are available to measure interest-rate risk and liquidity risk
  • Why and how institutions use certain products to manage their interest-rate risk and liquidity risk

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Last update: March 4, 2015