Supervision and Regulation Letters
Prudent Commercial Real Estate Loan workouts
SUPERVISION AND REGULATION
BANK AND TO BANKING ORGANIZATIONS SUPERVISED BY THE FEDERAL
|SUBJECT:||Prudent Commercial Real Estate Loan Workouts|
The Federal Reserve, along with the other financial regulators of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC),1 has adopted the attached policy statement on Prudent Commercial Real Estate Loan Workouts. The Federal Reserve and the other financial regulators issued this policy statement to update longstanding guidance regarding the workout of CRE loans, especially in light of recent increases in such workouts. This guidance is intended to promote prudent CRE loan workouts at regulated financial institutions and to ensure examiners take a balanced and consistent approach in reviewing institutions’ workout activities. If conducted in a reasonable and prudent manner, such workouts are often in the best interest of both the institution and the borrower.
Financial institutions that implement prudent loan workout arrangements after performing comprehensive reviews of borrowers’ financial conditions will not be subject to criticism for engaging in these efforts, even if the restructured loans have weaknesses that result in adverse credit classifications. In addition, renewed or restructured loans to creditworthy borrowers on reasonable terms will not be subject to adverse classifications solely because the value of the underlying collateral declined.
The examiner’s evaluation of a loan workout should be based upon the fundamentals of the particular loan, considering the project’s current and stabilized cash flows, debt service capacity, guarantor support, and other factors relevant to the borrower’s ability and willingness to repay the debt.
The statement sets forth the appropriate standards for evaluating the management practices, workout arrangements, credit classification, regulatory reporting, and accounting for prudent CRE loan workouts, including:
- Risk management elements for the loan workout program
- Loan workout arrangements
- Analyzing the repayment capacity of the borrower
- Evaluating guarantees
- Assessing collateral values
- Classification of loans
- Loan performance assessment for classification purposes
- Classification of renewals or restructuring of maturing loans
- Classification of troubled CRE loans dependent on the sale of collateral for repayment
- Classification and accrual treatment of restructured loans with a partial charge-off
- Regulatory reporting and accounting considerations
- Implications for interest accrual
- Restructured loans
- Allowance for loan and lease losses
The statement includes examples of CRE loan workouts. The examples are provided for illustrative purposes only, and reflect examiners’ analytical processes for credit classifications and assessments of institutions’ accounting and reporting treatments for restructured loans. While the statement includes references and background materials related to regulatory reporting and accounting, appraisals and valuation concepts, and classification definitions, it does not change existing regulatory reporting or accounting guidance or standards. Rather, the guidance addresses supervisory expectations for reporting that reinforces longstanding guidance.
This statement applies to loans that are secured by multifamily property, and nonfarm nonresidential property where the primary source of repayment is derived from rental income associated with the property (that is, loans for which 50 percent or more of the source of repayment comes from third-party, nonaffiliated, rental income) or the proceeds of the sale, refinancing, or permanent financing of the property. Further, the guidance covers loans for land development and construction loans (including 1– to 4–family residential and commercial construction loans), other land loans, loans to real estate investment trusts (REITs), and unsecured loans to developers. This is consistent with the definition for CRE loans in SR letter–07-1, "Interagency Guidance on Concentrations in Commercial Real Estate."
Federal Reserve Banks are asked to distribute this letter to financial institutions supervised by the Federal Reserve in their districts, as well as to their own supervisory and examination staff. If you have any questions, please contact Jon–Greenlee, Associate Director, Risk Management, at (202) 452-2962; Sabeth Siddique, Assistant Director, Credit Risk, at (202) 452-3861; Robert Walker, Senior Supervisory Financial Analyst, Credit Risk, at (202) 452-3429; Virginia Gibbs, Senior Supervisory Financial Analyst, Credit Risk, at (202) 452-2521; Lawrence Rufrano, Senior Supervisory Financial Analyst, Risk Policy and Guidance, at (202) 452-2808; and Linda Ditchkus, Senior Project Manager, Accounting Policy and Disclosure, at (202) 452-3506.
Patrick M. Parkinson