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Finance and Economics Discussion Series
Finance and Economics Discussion Series logo links to FEDS home page The Effects of Dynamic Changes in Bank Competition on the Supply of Small Business Credit
Allen N. Berger, Lawrence G. Goldberg, and Lawrence J. White

Abstract: We study the effects of structural changes in banking markets on the supply of credit to small businesses. Specifically, we examine whether bank mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and entry have "external" effects on small business loans by other banks in the same local markets. The results suggest modest positive external effects from these dynamic changes in competition, except that large banks may reduce small business lending in reaction to entry. We confirm bank size and age as important determinants of this lending, and show that the measured age effect does not appear to be driven by local market M&A activity.

Keywords: Bank, mergers, small business

Full paper (116 KB PDF) | Full paper (1181 KB Postscript)

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Last update: August 2, 2001