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International Finance Discussion Papers
The International Finance Discussion Papers logo links to the International Finance Discussion Papers home page The Expectations Trap Hypothesis
Lawrence J. Christiano; Christopher Gust
2000-676  (August 2000)

Abstract:  We explore a hypothesis about the take-off in inflation that occurred in the early 1970s. According to the expectations trap hypothesis, the Fed was pushed into producing the high inflation out of a fear of violating the public's inflation expectations. We compare this hypothesis with the Phillips curve hypothesis, according to which the Fed produced the high inflation as an unfortunate by-product of a conscious decision to jump-start a weak economy. Which hypothesis is more plausible has important implications for what needs to be done to prevent other inflation flare-ups.

Full paper (2907 KB PDF)

1970s inflation, Arthur Burns, monetary policy, Taylor rule

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Last update: July 19, 2001