Federal Reserve Statistical Release, G.17, Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization; title with eagle logo links to Statistical Release home page
Release Date: December 15, 2009
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[Annual Revision Notice Below]

Industrial production increased 0.8 percent in November after having been unchanged in October. Manufacturing production advanced 1.1 percent, with broad-based gains among both durables and nondurables. The output of mines climbed 2.1 percent, but the index for utilities fell 1.8 percent, primarily as a result of lower output of gas utilities--temperatures in November were unseasonably mild and reduced the need for heating. At 99.4 percent of its 2002 average, total industrial production was 5.1 percent below its level of a year earlier. Capacity utilization for total industry moved up 0.7 percentage point to 71.3 percent, a rate 9.6 percentage points below its average for the period from 1972 through 2008.

Seasonally adjusted
Industrial production
2002=100 Percent change
2009 2009 Nov. '08 to
Nov. '09
June[r] July[r] Aug.[r] Sept.[r] Oct.[r] Nov.[p] June[r] July[r] Aug.[r] Sept.[r] Oct.[r] Nov.[p]
Total index   95.8   96.8   98.1   98.6   98.6   99.4    -.5    1.1    1.3     .6     .0     .8   -5.1
   Previous estimates   95.8   96.7   97.9   98.6   98.6          -.4     .9    1.3     .6     .1    
Major market groups      
Final Products   98.9  100.0  101.4  102.2  102.1  102.5    -.6    1.1    1.4     .8    -.1     .4   -4.0
   Consumer goods   96.3   97.3   98.7   99.7   99.8  100.1    -.6    1.0    1.4    1.0     .1     .3   -1.9
   Business equipment  105.8  106.9  108.3  107.9  107.6  108.1    -.4    1.0    1.3    -.3    -.3     .4   -8.1
Nonindustrial supplies   90.5   90.5   91.0   90.6   90.4   91.3     .1     .0     .5    -.4    -.3    1.0   -8.6
   Construction   82.1   82.5   82.9   81.9   80.6   81.9     .0     .5     .5   -1.3   -1.5    1.6  -12.6
Materials   94.7   96.2   97.7   98.4   98.5   99.7    -.6    1.6    1.6     .7     .1    1.3   -4.8
Major industry groups      
Manufacturing (see note below)   94.4   95.8   97.1   97.7   97.5   98.6    -.4    1.4    1.4     .7    -.2    1.1   -4.9
   Previous estimates   94.5   95.6   97.0   97.7   97.6          -.3    1.2    1.4     .8    -.1    
Mining   93.7   94.8   96.5   96.4   96.2   98.2   -1.5    1.2    1.7    -.1    -.2    2.1   -6.8
Utilities  103.8  102.6  103.4  103.7  105.4  103.5    -.5   -1.2     .8     .2    1.7   -1.8   -5.1

Capacity utilization
Percent of capacity
2009 Nov. '08 to
Nov. '09
June[r] July[r] Aug.[r] Sept.[r] Oct.[r] Nov.[p]
Total industry   80.9   85.1   78.7   84.9   73.5   74.4   68.3   69.1   70.1   70.6   70.6   71.3    -.9
   Previous estimates                                       68.3   69.0   70.0   70.5   70.7            
Manufacturing (see note below)   79.6   85.4   77.2   84.5   71.4   71.1   65.1   66.1   67.1   67.6   67.6   68.4   -1.2
   Previous estimates                                       65.1   66.0   67.0   67.6   67.6            
Mining   87.6   86.5   83.8   89.1   84.9   90.7   80.7   81.8   83.3   83.4   83.3   85.2    -.7
Utilities   86.8   92.8   84.2   93.3   84.2   83.5   78.7   77.6   78.2   78.2   79.4   77.9    1.8
Stage-of-process groups      
Crude   86.6   88.3   84.7   89.9   81.7   84.7   79.5   80.7   82.1   83.3   83.4   85.2   -1.2
Primary and semifinished   82.0   86.5   77.9   87.9   74.3   73.5   65.8   66.4   67.1   67.3   67.4   67.8   -1.0
Finished   77.7   83.0   77.2   80.3   70.0   71.2   66.6   67.6   68.8   69.3   69.4   70.0    -.6
r Revised. p Preliminary.

Market Groups

The production of consumer goods moved up 0.3 percent in November, a gain that reflected an increase in the output of durable goods. Among consumer durables, the indexes for automotive products and for appliances, furniture, and carpeting moved up, while the index for home electronics fell for the 10th month in a row. The production of consumer nondurables was unchanged in November; an increase in non-energy nondurables offset a decrease in consumer energy products. The advance in the production of non-energy nondurable goods resulted from sizable gains in paper products and in chemical products, but declines in the output of clothing and of food and tobacco products limited the increase in this category. The decrease in consumer energy products reflected the drop in utilities, and the output of fuels advanced.

The index for business equipment rose 0.4 percent in November. Results for its major components were mixed: The output of industrial and other equipment rose 0.9 percent, the output of information processing equipment was unchanged, and the output of transit equipment declined. The production of defense and space equipment fell for a second month; these decreases, which averaged just more than 1 percent per month, retraced nearly half of the gains accumulated over the three previous months.

Within nonindustrial supplies, the production of construction supplies increased 1.6 percent in November after having fallen in each of the previous two months. The output of business supplies rose 0.7 percent last month; an increase in general business supplies more than offset a decline in commercial energy products.

The production of materials moved up 1.3 percent in November. The index for non-energy materials jumped 1.7 percent, and the index for energy materials increased 0.3 percent. Among non-energy materials, both the durable and nondurable materials categories recorded substantial gains. Within durables, output in the consumer parts category decreased 0.3 percent; however, the output of equipment parts gained 1.1 percent, and the output of other durable materials advanced 2.2 percent. Production for all major categories of nondurable materials moved up, and the largest gain, 2.9 percent, was in chemical materials. The small rise in energy materials came as increases in crude oil extraction and support activities for oil and gas well drilling offset a decrease in utilities.

Industry Groups

Manufacturing output increased 1.1 percent in November after having edged down 0.2 percent in October, and capacity utilization for manufacturing increased 0.8 percentage point to 68.4 percent. The index for durable goods increased 1.0 percent, and robust gains were posted for nonmetallic mineral products, primary metals, motor vehicles and parts, and furniture and related products. Assemblies of motor vehicles moved up 200,000 units in November to 7.2 million units (annual rate). Among other durable goods categories, production of wood products, machinery, computer and electronic products, and miscellaneous goods also increased in November, while production of fabricated metal products; electrical equipment, appliances, and components; and aerospace and miscellaneous transportation equipment decreased.

The production of nondurable goods rose 1.1 percent in November. Gains of more than 1 percent were registered for the majority of nondurable goods categories, including textile and product mills, paper, printing and support, petroleum and coal products, chemicals, and plastics and rubber products. Production of food, beverage, and tobacco products slipped 0.2 percent, and the output of apparel and leather edged up 0.1 percent. Production in the non-NAICS manufacturing industries (logging and publishing) rose 2.1 percent.

The output of mines increased 2.1 percent in November after two months of small declines, and the capacity utilization rate for mining moved up 1.9 percentage points to 85.2 percent. The gains in mining primarily reflected advances in oil and gas well drilling; related support activity; and stone, sand, and gravel mining. The output of utilities fell 1.8 percent, and the operating rate for utilities fell back 1.5 percentage points to 77.9 percent. The output of natural gas utilities dropped 8.1 percent, and the output of electric utilities fell 0.6 percent.

Capacity utilization at industries grouped by stage of process changed as follows: For the crude stage, utilization rose 1.8 percentage points to 85.2 percent, a rate 1.4 percentage points below its 1972-2008 average; for the primary and semifinished stages, utilization moved up 0.4 percentage point to 67.8 percent, a rate 14.2 percentage points below its long-run average; and for the finished stage, utilization increased 0.6 percentage point to 70.0 percent, a rate 7.7 percentage points below its long-run average.

Revision of Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization

The Federal Reserve Board plans to issue its annual revision to the index of industrial production (IP) and the related measures of capacity utilization in the second quarter of 2010. The revised IP indexes will incorporate detailed data from the 2007 Economic Census and the 2008 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM), both conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. Data from selected editions of the Census Bureau's 2008 Current Industrial Reports will also be incorporated, as will annual data from the U.S. Geological Survey regarding metallic and nonmetallic minerals (except fuels) for 2008. The updating will include revisions to the monthly indicator (either product data or input data) and to seasonal factors for each industry as well as changes in the estimation methods for some series. Any changes to the methods for estimating the output of an industry will affect the index from 1972 to the present.

Capacity and capacity utilization will be revised to incorporate data from the Census Bureau's Quarterly Survey of Plant Capacity, which covers manufacturing, along with new data on capacity from the U.S. Geological Survey, the Department of Energy, and other organizations.

Once the revision is published, it will be available on the Board's website at www.federalreserve.gov/releases/G17. The revised data will also be available through the website of the Department of Commerce. Further information on the revision can be obtained from the Board's Industrial Output Section (telephone number 202-452-3197).

Note. The statistics in this release cover output, capacity, and capacity utilization in the U.S. industrial sector, which is defined by the Federal Reserve to comprise manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. Mining is defined as all industries in sector 21 of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); electric and gas utilities are those in NAICS sectors 2211 and 2212. Manufacturing comprises NAICS manufacturing industries (sector 31-33) plus the logging industry and the newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing industries. Logging and publishing are classified elsewhere in NAICS (under agriculture and information respectively), but historically they were considered to be manufacturing and were included in the industrial sector under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. In December 2002 the Federal Reserve reclassified all its industrial output data from the SIC system to NAICS.

G.17 Release Tables:

Ascii Screen reader Summary: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 1: Industrial Production, Capacity, and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 2: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 3: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, High Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 1: Industrial Production: Market and Industry Groups (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 2: Industrial Production: Special Aggregates and Selected Detail (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 3: Motor Vehicle Assemblies
Ascii Screen reader Table 4: Industrial Production Indexes: Market and Industry Group Summary
Ascii Screen reader Table 5: Industrial Production Indexes: Special Aggregates
Ascii Screen reader Table 6: Diffusion Indexes of Industrial Production
Ascii Screen reader Table 7: Capacity Utilization: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities
Ascii Screen reader Table 8: Industrial Capacity: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 9: Industrial Production: Gross Value of Products and Nonindustrial Supplies
Ascii Screen reader Table 10: Gross-Value-Weighted Industrial Production: Stage-of-Process Groups
Ascii Screen reader Table 11: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry
Ascii Screen reader Table 12: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing
Ascii Screen reader Table 13: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 14: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing excluding Selected High-Technology Industries

Release dates | Documentation
Current Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Supplemental Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Annual Revision Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (150 KB)
Data Download Program (DDP) | Announcements | Historical data (text files)

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