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International Finance Discussion Papers
The International Finance Discussion Papers logo links to the International Finance Discussion Papers home page Tradeoffs between Inflation and Output-Gap Variances in an Optimizing-Agent Model
Christopher J. Erceg; Dale W. Henderson; Andrew T. Levin
1998-627  (October 1998)

Abstract:  We demonstrate the existence of a monetary policy tradeoff between price-inflation variability and output-gap variability in an optimizing-agent model with staggered nominal wage and price contracts. This variance tradeoff is absent only in the special case in which prices are sticky and wages are perfectly flexible. When the model is calibrated to exhibit an empirically reasonable degree of nominal wage inertia, strict inflation targeting induces substantial output-gap volatility.

Full paper (498 KB PDF)

Monetary policy frontier, inflation targeting, sticky wages, sticky prices, staggered contracts, determinacy

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