Federal Reserve Statistical Release, G.17, Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization; title with eagle logo links to Statistical Release home page
Release Date: June 15, 2006
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Industrial production declined 0.1 percent in May after an increase of 0.8 percent in April. Manufacturing production also fell 0.1 percent last month. The output index for mining moved down 0.2 percent, but the output index for utilities was up by the same amount. At 112.1 percent of the 2002 average, overall industrial output was 4.3 percent above its May 2005 level. The rate of capacity utilization for total industry fell 0.2 percentage point, to 81.7 percent, a rate that is 0.7 percentage point above its long-run (1972-2005) average. The factory operating rate fell 0.3 percentage point, to 80.5 percent, and the mining operating rate edged down to 89.6 percent, but the rates in both sectors remained above their long-run averages. The capacity utilization rate for utilities edged up, to 86.5 percent, in May but remained slightly below its 1972-2005 average.

Seasonally adjusted
Industrial production
2002=100 Percent change
2006 2006 May '05 to
May '06
Feb. Mar. Apr. May Feb. Mar. Apr. May
Total index  110.7  111.3  112.2  112.1     .4     .5     .8    -.1    4.3
   Previous estimates  110.8  111.4  112.3           .4     .6     .8    
Major market groups      
Final Products  112.2  113.2  113.9  113.9     .4     .9     .6     .0    4.9
   Consumer goods  105.8  106.8  106.8  106.8     .4     .9     .1    -.1    2.1
   Business equipment  128.2  129.4  132.1  131.8     .4    1.0    2.1    -.2   11.8
Nonindustrial supplies  110.4  111.0  111.7  111.4    -.2     .5     .7    -.3    4.2
   Construction  113.7  114.5  114.9  114.2    -.3     .7     .3    -.6    6.3
Materials  109.3  109.6  110.6  110.5     .5     .3     .9    -.1    3.8
Major industry groups      
Manufacturing (see note below)  112.8  113.4  114.2  114.0    -.3     .5     .7    -.1    4.9
   Previous estimates  112.8  113.4  114.3          -.3     .5     .7    
Mining   98.4   98.8   99.9   99.7     .7     .4    1.1    -.2    -.1
Utilities  103.9  105.3  106.2  106.5    5.7    1.3     .9     .2    3.4

Capacity utilization
Percent of capacity
May '05 to
May '06
Feb. Mar. Apr. May
Total industry   81.0   85.0   73.9   79.8   81.1   81.4   81.9   81.7    1.9
   Previous estimates                           81.1   81.4   81.9            
Manufacturing (see note below)   79.8   84.5   72.0   78.6   80.2   80.4   80.8   80.5    2.4
   Previous estimates                           80.2   80.4   80.8            
Mining   87.3   89.0   85.6   89.1   88.1   88.6   89.7   89.6    -.7
Utilities   86.7   93.7   83.7   83.7   84.6   85.7   86.4   86.5     .0
Stage-of-process groups      
Crude   86.4   89.4   83.2   87.6   85.7   86.1   87.2   87.6    -.8
Primary and semifinished   82.1   88.1   74.6   81.0   82.4   82.5   82.8   82.7    2.6
Finished   77.9   80.5   70.8   76.5   78.8   79.3   79.8   79.2    1.9

Market Groups

The output of consumer goods edged down in May. The index for consumer durable goods fell 0.8 percent. The output indexes for automotive products; home electronics; appliances, furniture, and carpeting; and miscellaneous consumer durables all declined. The output of consumer nondurable goods increased 0.2 percent; it was boosted by a jump of 2.8 percent in consumer energy products, which resulted primarily from increases in the output of refined petroleum products, such as gasoline. In contrast, the output of non-energy nondurable consumer goods was down 0.5 percent. Within this group, the indexes for food and tobacco, clothing, chemical products, and paper products fell.

The production of business equipment declined 0.2 percent after an increase of 2.1 percent in April. The production of transit equipment moved lower in May mainly because of a drop in the output of motor vehicles. Declines in farm machinery and in construction machinery contributed to the drop in the production of industrial and other equipment. On the plus side, the output of information processing equipment rose 1.6 percent and was more than 20 percent above its year-earlier level. The output of defense and space equipment climbed 1.1 percent. The production indexes for construction supplies and for business supplies both moved lower after increases in the previous two months.

The output of industrial materials moved down 0.1 percent. The index for energy materials rose 0.2 percent, but the index for non-energy materials fell 0.2 percent. Within the durable materials component, which fell 0.3 percent, the output of consumer parts, equipment parts, and other durable materials all moved lower after large gains in April. The index for nondurable materials was unchanged. Within this category, increases in the indexes for textiles, paper, and chemicals were offset by declines elsewhere.

Industry Groups

Manufacturing production declined 0.1 percent in May. The output of durable goods fell 0.2 percent. The production of machinery dropped 1.7 percent, and the output of motor vehicles and parts declined 1.3 percent. Nevertheless, several durable goods industries posted gains, and large increases were reported in the index for primary metals, which advanced 0.9 percent, and in the index for computer and electronic products, which moved up 1.1 percent. The output of nondurable goods industries rose just 0.1 percent despite a surge of 4.3 percent in the index for petroleum and coal products. The index for chemical industries fell 0.4 percent and remained below its year-ago level; the index for food, beverage, and tobacco products declined 0.2 percent. Production in the non-NAICS manufacturing industries (logging and publishing) dropped 0.6 percent.

The output of mines declined 0.2 percent largely because of drops in the indexes for the mining and quarrying of stone, sand, and gravel, which fell back from their high levels earlier this year. The index for oil and gas extraction edged up 0.1 percent but remained 4.6 percent below its year-ago level. The output of coal mines, which has risen 13.6 percent over the past year, advanced 0.4 percent in May. The output of utilities rose 0.2 percent.

By stage of processing, capacity utilization for industries in the crude stage of processing increased further, to 87.6 percent, a rate that is 1.2 percentage points above its 1972-2005 average. For industries in the primary and semifinished stages of processing and for industries in the finished stage, utilization rates moved lower in May but remained above their long-run averages.

Notice: This release includes updated estimates for 2006 from our semiannual review of industrial capacity. The estimated rates of change between the fourth quarter of 2005 and the fourth quarter of 2006 for total industrial capacity and for manufacturing capacity are the same as in the previous estimates: 2.0 percent and 2.5 percent respectively.

Note. The statistics in this release cover output, capacity, and capacity utilization in the U.S. industrial sector, which is defined by the Federal Reserve to comprise manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. Mining is defined as all industries in sector 21 of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); electric and gas utilities are those in NAICS sectors 2211 and 2212. Manufacturing comprises NAICS manufacturing industries (sector 31-33) plus the logging industry and the newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing industries. Logging and publishing are classified elsewhere in NAICS (under agriculture and information respectively), but historically they were considered to be manufacturing and were included in the industrial sector under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. In December 2002 the Federal Reserve reclassified all its industrial output data from the SIC system to NAICS.

G.17 Release Tables:

Ascii Screen reader Summary: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 1: Industrial Production, Capacity, and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 2: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 3: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, High Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 1: Industrial Production: Market and Industry Groups (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 2: Industrial Production: Special Aggregates and Selected Detail (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 3: Motor Vehicle Assemblies
Ascii Screen reader Table 4: Industrial Production Indexes: Market and Industry Group Summary
Ascii Screen reader Table 5: Industrial Production Indexes: Special Aggregates
Ascii Screen reader Table 6: Diffusion Indexes of Industrial Production
Ascii Screen reader Table 7: Capacity Utilization: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities
Ascii Screen reader Table 8: Industrial Capacity: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 9: Industrial Production: Gross Value of Products and Nonindustrial Supplies
Ascii Screen reader Table 10: Gross-Value-Weighted Industrial Production: Stage-of-Process Groups
Ascii Screen reader Table 11: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry
Ascii Screen reader Table 12: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing
Ascii Screen reader Table 13: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 14: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing excluding Selected High-Technology Industries

Release dates | Historical data | Data Download |Documentation
Current Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Supplemental Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Annual Revision Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (150 KB)

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