Federal Reserve Statistical Release, G.17, Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization; title with eagle logo links to Statistical Release home page
Release Date: March 16, 2007
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Industrial production increased 1.0 percent in February after a decrease of 0.3 percent in January and a rise of 0.8 percent in December. Output in the manufacturing sector gained 0.4 percent in February and was led by increases in motor vehicles and in high-technology goods. The output of utilities jumped 6.7 percent in February, as colder-than-average temperatures boosted production at both electric and natural gas utilities. The output of mines edged up 0.1 percent. At 113.1 percent of its 2002 average, overall industrial production for the month was 3.4 percent above its year-earlier level. The rate of capacity utilization for total industry in February rose 0.6 percentage point, to 82.0 percent, a level 1.0 percentage point above its 1972-2006 average.

Seasonally adjusted
Industrial production
2002=100 Percent change
2006 2007 2006 2007 Feb. '06 to
Feb. '07
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.
Total index  111.5  112.4  112.1  113.1    -.4     .8    -.3    1.0    3.4
   Previous estimates  111.9  112.5  111.9          -.1     .5    -.5    
Major market groups      
Final Products  112.8  113.7  113.2  114.5     .3     .8    -.5    1.2    4.6
   Consumer goods  107.6  108.0  108.0  109.6     .2     .4     .0    1.5    3.4
   Business equipment  129.5  132.4  129.6  130.1     .9    2.2   -2.1     .4    8.6
Nonindustrial supplies  109.6  110.4  110.2  110.5   -1.2     .7    -.2     .3    1.1
   Construction  107.4  109.5  108.6  108.0   -1.0    2.0    -.8    -.6   -2.5
Materials  111.0  111.9  111.7  112.8    -.8     .8    -.2    1.0    3.2
Major industry groups      
Manufacturing (see note below)  113.2  114.4  113.9  114.3    -.2    1.0    -.5     .4    2.8
   Previous estimates  113.4  114.3  113.5          -.1     .8    -.7    
Mining  100.7  102.8  101.4  101.5    -.2    2.1   -1.3     .1    3.0
Utilities  106.8  104.2  106.5  113.7   -2.7   -2.5    2.2    6.7    9.6

Capacity utilization
Percent of capacity
Feb. '06 to
Feb. '07
2006 2007
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.
Total industry   81.0   85.1   73.6   81.1   81.3   81.7   81.4   82.0    2.3
   Previous estimates                           81.5   81.8   81.2            
Manufacturing (see note below)   79.8   84.6   71.6   79.9   79.8   80.5   79.9   80.1    2.5
   Previous estimates                           79.9   80.4   79.6            
Mining   87.4   88.9   84.8   89.3   90.7   92.5   91.2   91.2     .9
Utilities   86.7   93.7   83.8   84.4   85.4   83.1   84.8   90.4    2.3
Stage-of-process groups      
Crude   86.5   89.5   82.0   87.2   88.7   89.8   88.5   88.3     .5
Primary and semifinished   82.2   88.2   74.6   83.4   82.0   82.0   82.4   83.4    3.0
Finished   77.8   80.5   70.0   76.4   78.1   79.0   77.9   78.3    2.2

Market Groups

All major market groups except construction supplies recorded production increases in February. The output of consumer goods advanced 1.5 percent. Within durables, a rebound of 3.2 percent in the output of automotive products was led by an increase in the production of light trucks. A jump in computer production boosted the output of home electronics, but the indexes for home appliances, furniture, and carpeting and for miscellaneous goods both declined. Consumer nondurables advanced 1.5 percent as a result of a surge of 5.3 percent in the production of consumer energy products. The output of non-energy nondurables rose 0.3 percent; gains in paper products and in foods and tobacco outweighed declines in clothing and in chemical products.

The output of business equipment rose 0.4 percent in February, as a gain in information processing equipment more than offset widespread declines in the production of transit equipment except for light trucks. The index for industrial and other equipment was little changed after a decrease of roughly 3-1/2 percent in January. The output of defense and space equipment edged up 0.2 percent. The output of construction supplies contracted 0.6 percent, to a level 2.5 percent lower than that of a year earlier. The output of business supplies moved up for a third consecutive month.

The production of materials expanded 1.0 percent; about half of the increase resulted from higher output of energy materials, which was driven by a jump in electricity generation. Within non-energy materials, the production of both durable and nondurable materials increased. Among durables, the output of consumer parts recovered 1.5 percent after a decline of the same amount in January; the increase resulted from a strong rise in the indexes related to motor vehicle parts. Gains in semiconductors and related components led advances in equipment parts; the production of other durables edged up 0.3 percent. Among nondurable materials, chemical production was flat, and the output of textiles and of paper increased.

Industry Groups

Manufacturing output rose 0.4 percent in February. The production of both durables and non-NAICS manufacturing (logging and publishing) increased, but the output of nondurable manufacturing slipped. The factory operating rate edged up 0.2 percentage point, to 80.1 percent. The production of durable goods rose 0.8 percent and largely reversed its January decline. The indexes for computer and electronic products and for motor vehicles and parts rose more than 2 percent; the gains more than offset declines in the indexes for wood products, nonmetallic mineral products, machinery, and furniture and related products. Output at nondurable manufacturers edged down 0.2 percent. Declines occurred in apparel and leather, petroleum and coal products, and plastics and rubber products. The indexes for food, beverage, and tobacco products; for textile and product mills; and for paper increased, while printing and support was unchanged.

Cold temperatures in February led to a jump of 11 percent in the output of natural gas utilities for a second consecutive month and to a run-up of 5.9 percent in the output of electric utilities. Mining production edged up 0.1 percent; declines in oil and gas extraction and coal mining were roughly offset by gains in nonmetallic mineral mining, metal ore mining, and support activities for mining. Capacity utilization for industries in the crude stage of processing slipped 0.2 percentage point, to 88.3 percent, in February. Capacity utilization for industries in the primary and semifinished stages moved up 1.0 percentage point, to 83.4 percent, and capacity utilization for industries at the finished stage increased 0.4 percentage point, to 78.3 percent.

Note. The statistics in this release cover output, capacity, and capacity utilization in the U.S. industrial sector, which is defined by the Federal Reserve to comprise manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. Mining is defined as all industries in sector 21 of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); electric and gas utilities are those in NAICS sectors 2211 and 2212. Manufacturing comprises NAICS manufacturing industries (sector 31-33) plus the logging industry and the newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing industries. Logging and publishing are classified elsewhere in NAICS (under agriculture and information respectively), but historically they were considered to be manufacturing and were included in the industrial sector under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. In December 2002 the Federal Reserve reclassified all its industrial output data from the SIC system to NAICS.

G.17 Release Tables:

Ascii Screen reader Summary: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 1: Industrial Production, Capacity, and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 2: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart   Chart 3: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, High Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 1: Industrial Production: Market and Industry Groups (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 2: Industrial Production: Special Aggregates and Selected Detail (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 3: Motor Vehicle Assemblies
Ascii Screen reader Table 4: Industrial Production Indexes: Market and Industry Group Summary
Ascii Screen reader Table 5: Industrial Production Indexes: Special Aggregates
Ascii Screen reader Table 6: Diffusion Indexes of Industrial Production
Ascii Screen reader Table 7: Capacity Utilization: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities
Ascii Screen reader Table 8: Industrial Capacity: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities (percent change)
Ascii Screen reader Table 9: Industrial Production: Gross Value of Products and Nonindustrial Supplies
Ascii Screen reader Table 10: Gross-Value-Weighted Industrial Production: Stage-of-Process Groups
Ascii Screen reader Table 11: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry
Ascii Screen reader Table 12: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing
Ascii Screen reader Table 13: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
Ascii Screen reader Table 14: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing excluding Selected High-Technology Industries

Release dates | Documentation
Current Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Supplemental Monthly Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (144 KB)
Annual Revision Release   Other formats: ASCII | PDF (150 KB)
Data Download Program (DDP) | Announcements | Historical data (text files)

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