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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Quarterly Report on Federal Reserve
Balance Sheet Developments

March 2013 (1.95 MB PDF)

Special Lending Facilities

During the financial crisis, the Federal Reserve created a number of special lending facilities to stabilize the financial system and support economic activity. Some of these facilities provided liquidity to borrowers and investors in important financial markets. These facilities were closed by 2010; however, some loans made under the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF), which is closed to new lending, remain outstanding and will mature over the next several years.7

Other programs supported certain specific institutions in order to avert disorderly failures that could have resulted in severe dislocations and strains for the financial system as a whole and harmed the U.S. economy. While the loans made by the Federal Reserve under these programs have been repaid, the Federal Reserve will continue to receive cash flows generated from securities remaining in the portfolio of Maiden Lane LLC.


 

Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility

Recent Developments

  • On January 15, 2013, the Federal Reserve and the Treasury Department agreed to terminate the Treasury's credit protection commitment for the TALF as well as the FRBNY's funding commitment to TALF LLC. These commitments were no longer deemed necessary because the accumulated fees and income collected through TALF and held by TALF LLC exceed the amount of TALF loans outstanding. The TALF remains a joint Treasury-Federal Reserve program, and the Treasury and Federal Reserve will continue to consult on the administration of the program. In addition, TALF LLC repaid in full the outstanding principal and accrued interest on subordinated funding previously provided by the Treasury. The Federal Reserve Board also authorized TALF LLC to begin distributions from the accumulated fees and income earned by TALF LLC since inception to the Treasury and the FRBNY in the amount by which such accumulated fees and income exceeds the current outstanding TALF loan balance plus funds reserved for future expenses of TALF LLC. The first such payment was made on February 6, and TALF LLC is expected to make additional such payments on a monthly basis. Treasury receives 90 percent of the monthly distributions and the FRBNY receives 10 percent. TALF LLC will retain funds in an amount that at all times equals the current outstanding TALF loan balance plus funds reserved for future expenses of TALF LLC. More information is available on the Federal Reserve Board's website at www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/press/monetary/20130115b.htm and www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/files/BSTTALFLLCfinstmt2012.pdf.
  • As of February 27, 2013, the amount of TALF loans outstanding and the number of TALF borrowers had declined from their October 2012 levels, and only about $0.4 billion in TALF loans remains outstanding. TALF LLC, a limited liability company formed to purchase and manage assets received by the FRBNY from the TALF program, remains in operation, but as of February 27, 2013, TALF LLC had purchased no assets from the FRBNY.

Background

On November 25, 2008, the Federal Reserve announced the creation of the TALF under the authority of Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act. The TALF is a funding facility under which the FRBNY was authorized to extend up to $200 billion of credit to holders of eligible asset-backed securities (ABS).8 The TALF was intended to assist financial markets in accommodating the credit needs of consumers and businesses of all sizes by facilitating the issuance of ABS collateralized by a variety of consumer and business loans; it was also intended to improve market conditions for ABS more generally. TALF loans backed by commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) or by ABS backed by government guaranteed loans have maturities of up to five years; all other TALF loans have three-year maturities. Using funds authorized under the TARP of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, the Treasury committed to provide $20 billion in credit protection to the FRBNY in connection with the TALF to support the $200 billion of authorized lending value under the program. This commitment was reduced to $4.3 billion in July 2010 to reflect the fact that only $43 billion of TALF loans were outstanding when the program was closed to new lending, and was further reduced to $1.4 billion in June 2012 to reflect the amount of loans that remained outstanding at that time as the program wound down.

Table 8. TALF: Number of borrowers and loans outstanding
As of February 27, 2013

Lending program Number of borrowers Borrowing ($ billions) 1
Non-CMBS 7 0.3
CMBS 3 0.1
Total 10 0.4

 Note: Unaudited. "Number of borrowers" may exceed total because borrowers may be included in more than one category. "Borrowing" amounts may not sum to total because of rounding.

1. Book value.   Return to table

The Federal Reserve closed the TALF for new loan extensions against newly issued CMBS on June 30, 2010, and for new loans against all other types of collateral on March 31, 2010. All TALF loans were extended by the FRBNY and will mature over the next several years, with all loans maturing no later than March 30, 2015.

Eligible collateral for TALF loans included U.S. dollar-denominated ABS backed by student loans, auto loans, credit card loans, equipment loans, floorplan loans, insurance premium finance loans, loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA), residential mortgage servicing advances, or commercial mortgages. At the time a TALF loan was extended, all eligible collateral was required to have a credit rating in the highest investment-grade rating category from two or more eligible nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSROs) and could not have a credit rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from an eligible NRSRO. Certain collateral also had to pass an internal risk assessment by the FRBNY.

Additionally, all or substantially all of the credit exposures underlying eligible ABS were required to be exposures to U.S.-domiciled obligors or with respect to real property located in the United States or its territories. Except for ABS for which the underlying credit exposures are SBA-guaranteed loans, eligible newly issued ABS must have been issued on or after January 1, 2009. Eligible legacy CMBS must have been issued before January 1, 2009, must be senior in payment priority to all other interests in the underlying pool of commercial mortgages, and must meet certain other criteria designed to protect the Federal Reserve and the Treasury from credit risk. Collateral would not be accepted from a particular borrower if the collateral was backed by loans originated or securitized by that borrower or its affiliate except in very limited circumstances.

The loans provided through the TALF were designed to be limited in recourse to the collateral, generally allowing borrowers the option of surrendering the collateral to the FRBNY in full satisfaction of the TALF loan. The FRBNY's loan is secured by the ABS collateral, with the FRBNY lending an amount equal to the market value of the ABS, less a haircut. The haircut is a buffer which protects the FRBNY against a decline in the collateral's value. The Federal Reserve set initial haircuts for each type of eligible collateral to reflect an assessment of the risk and maturity of the various types of eligible ABS. Breakdowns of TALF collateral by underlying loan type and credit rating are presented in tables 9 and 10, respectively.

Table 9. TALF collateral by underlying loan type
Billions of dollars, as of February 27, 2013

Type of collateral Value
By underlying loan type
Auto 0
Commercial mortgages 0.2
Newly issued 0
Legacy 0.2
Credit card 0
Equipment 0
Floorplan 0
Premium finance 0
Servicing advances 0
Small business 0
Student loan 0.3
Total 0.5

 Note: Unaudited. Components may not sum to total because of rounding. Data represent the face value of collateral.

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Table 10. TALF collateral by rating
Billions of dollars, as of February 27, 2013

Type of collateral Value
Asset-backed securities with minimum rating of: 1
AAA/Aaa 0.5
Total 0.5

 Note: Unaudited. Data represent the face value of collateral.

1. Eligible ABS collateral for the TALF was required to have a credit rating in the highest investment-grade rating category from at least two eligible NRSROs and could not have a credit rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from an eligible NRSRO. When pledged collateral is downgraded below the highest investment-grade rating, existing loans against the collateral remain outstanding.   Return to table

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TALF LLC

TALF LLC was formed to purchase and manage any ABS that might be surrendered by a TALF borrower or otherwise claimed by the FRBNY in connection with its enforcement rights to the TALF collateral. In certain limited circumstances, TALF LLC may also purchase TALF program loans from the FRBNY. TALF LLC has committed to purchase, for a fee, all such assets at a price equal to the TALF loan, plus accrued but unpaid interest.

Purchases of these securities are funded through the fees received by TALF LLC and any interest TALF LLC has earned on its investments. Prior to January 15, 2013, in the event that such funding had proven insufficient, the TARP and the FRBNY would have provided additional funding to TALF LLC to finance additional asset purchases; however, the accumulated fees and income collected through TALF and held by TALF LLC exceed the remaining amount of TALF loans outstanding, and such credit protection is no longer deemed necessary. Financial information on TALF LLC is reported weekly in tables 1, 2, 7, 8, and 9 of the H.4.1 statistical release. As of February 27, 2013, TALF LLC had purchased no assets from the FRBNY.

Table 11A. Issuers of non-CMBS that collateralize outstanding TALF loans
As of February 27, 2013

Issuers
SLC Private Student Loan Trust 2009-A
SLC Private Student Loan Trust 2010-B
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2009-CT
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2009-D
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2010-A

Table 11B. Issuers of CMBS that collateralize outstanding TALF loans
As of February 27, 2013

Issuers
Banc of America Commercial Mortgage Inc. Series 2005-5
Banc of America Commercial Mortgage Trust 2006-1
Bear Stearns Commercial Mortgage Securities Trust 2005-PWR10
COMM 2005-C6 Mortgage Trust
CSFB Commercial Mortgage Trust 2005-C3
J.P. Morgan Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp. Series 2005-CIBC13
J.P. Morgan Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp. Series 2005-LDP5
ML-CFC Commercial Mortgage Trust 2007-8
Morgan Stanley Capital I Trust 2007-TOP27


 

Maiden Lane LLC

Background

In March 2008, the FRBNY and JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPMC) entered into an arrangement related to financing provided by the FRBNY to facilitate JPMC's acquisition of The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. (Bear Stearns). In connection with the transaction, the Federal Reserve Board authorized the FRBNY, under Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act, to extend credit to a Delaware limited liability company, Maiden Lane LLC, to partially fund the purchase of a portfolio of mortgage-related securities, residential and commercial mortgage loans, and associated hedges from Bear Stearns. In the second quarter of 2008, the FRBNY extended credit to Maiden Lane LLC. In addition, JPMC made a $1.15 billion subordinated loan to Maiden Lane LLC that was available to absorb first any losses that may have been realized.

On June 14, 2012, the FRBNY announced that its loan to Maiden Lane LLC had been repaid in full, with interest. This repayment marked the retirement of the remaining debt owed to the FRBNY from the crisis-era intervention with Bear Stearns. On November 15, 2012, the FRBNY announced that net proceeds from additional sales of securities in Maiden Lane LLC enabled the full repayment of the subordinated loan made by JPMC plus accrued interest. In accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements, the FRBNY will receive all future cash flows generated from the remaining Maiden Lane LLC assets. The FRBNY will continue to sell the remaining assets from the Maiden Lane LLC portfolio as market conditions warrant and if the sales represent good value for the public. Additional information is available at www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/news/markets/2012/an120614.html Leaving the Board and www.newyorkfed.org/markets/maidenlane.html Leaving the Board.

The assets of Maiden Lane LLC are presented weekly in tables 1, 8, and 9 of the H.4.1 statistical release. Additional details on the accounts of Maiden Lane LLC are presented in table 4 of the H.4.1 statistical release. Detailed information on the terms of the loan, the holdings of Maiden Lane LLC (including the CUSIP number, descriptor, and the current principal balance or notional amount outstanding for nearly all of the holdings of Maiden Lane LLC with the exception of residential whole loans), and the sale of Maiden Lane LLC assets (including monthly lists of assets sold from Maiden Lane LLC and quarterly updates on total proceeds from sales and the total amount purchased by each counterparty) is published on the FRBNY website at www.newyorkfed.org/markets/maidenlane.html Leaving the Board.

Information about the assets and liabilities of Maiden Lane LLC is presented as of December 31, 2012, in tables 12 through 14 and figure 2. This information is updated on a quarterly basis.

Table 12. Maiden Lane LLC outstanding principal balance of loans
Millions of dollars

  FRBNY senior loan JPMC subordinate loan
Since inception
Principal balance at closing 28,820 1,150
Accrued and capitalized interest to 12/31/2012 765 280
Repayments to 12/31/2012 (29,585) (1,430)
Principal balance on 12/31/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 0
Most recent quarterly activity
Principal balance on 9/30/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 308
Accrued and capitalized interest from 9/30/2012 to 12/31/2012 0 1
Repayment during the period from 9/30/2012 to 12/31/2012 1 0 (309)
Principal balance on 12/31/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 0

 Note: Unaudited. As part of the asset purchase agreement, JPMC made a loan to Maiden Lane LLC. For repayment purposes, this obligation is subordinated to the senior loan extended by the FRBNY.

1. A portion of the $491.2 million from asset sales for the period was applied to the repayment of the subordinate loan. Any cash flow accumulated after the repayment of the subordinate loan will remain within Maiden Lane LLC and will be distributed to the FRBNY in accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements.   Return to table

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Table 13. Maiden Lane LLC summary of portfolio composition, cash and cash equivalents, and other assets and liabilities
Millions of dollars

  Fair value on 12/31/2012 1 Fair value on 9/30/20121
Federal agency and GSE MBS 1 384
Non-agency RMBS 2 3
Commercial loans 466 466
Residential loans 0 0
Swap contracts 336 372
Other investments 2 318 450
Cash and cash equivalents 614 395
Other assets 3 2 76
Other liabilities 4 (343) (426)
Net assets 1,396 1,719

 Note: Unaudited. Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.

1. Change in fair value from the prior quarter reflects a combination of asset repayment of principal, change in the price of portfolio securities, realized gains and losses as a result of sales, and the disbursement of cash to in accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements.   Return to table

2. Primarily composed of short-term investments (mainly of U.S. Treasury securities), CMBS, and various structured debt instruments.   Return to table

3. Including interest and principal receivable and amounts receivable for securities sold.   Return to table

4. Including amounts payable for securities purchased, collateral posted to Maiden Lane LLC by swap counterparties, and other liabilities and accrued expenses.   Return to table

Table 14. Maiden Lane LLC securities distribution by sector and rating
Percent, as of December 31, 2012

Sector 1 Rating
AAA AA+ to AA- A+ to A- BBB+ to BBB- BB+ and lower Gov't/Agency Not rated (NR) Total
Federal agency and GSE MBS 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2
Non-agency RMBS 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5
Short-term investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 78.4 0.0 78.4
Other investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 6.9 0.0 11.4 21.0
Total 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 7.4 78.5 11.4 100.0

 Note: Unaudited. This table presents the sector and ratings composition of the securities in the Maiden Lane LLC portfolio as a percentage of all securities in the portfolio. It is based on the fair value of the securities. Lowest of all ratings is used for purposes of this table. Rows and columns may not sum to totals because of rounding.

1. Does not include Maiden Lane LLC's swaps and commercial and residential mortgage loans.   Return to table

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Figure 2. Maiden Lane LLC securities distribution as of December 31, 2012

Figure 2. Maiden Lane LLC Securities Distribution as of December 31, 2012. Two pie charts. Pie chart "Securities Rating Distribution" is a graphical representation of data from the Total row of Table 14. Pie chart "Securities Sector Distribution" is a graphical representation of data from the Total column of Table 14.


 

References

7. For information on closed facilities, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/expiredtools.htm. For further information, including detailed transaction-level data on these facilities, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/reform_transaction.htmReturn to text

8. For additional information on the TALF, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/bst_lendingother.htmReturn to text

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Last update: August 2, 2013