Accessible Version

Meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee
January 27-28, 2009 Presentation Materials

Presentation Materials (PDF)

Pages 218 to 267 of the Transcript

Appendix 1: Materials used by Ms. Mosser and Mr. Hilton

Class II FOMC - Restricted FR

Page 1

Top panel
(1)

Title: U.S. Libor-OIS Spreads
Series: Spreads between One-Week, One-Month, Three-Month Libor Rates and One-Week, One-Month, Three-Month Overnight Index Swap Rates for U.S.
Horizon: July 1, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: U.S. Libor to OIS spreads decline after announcement of Treasury Capital Purchase Program and FDIC Debt Guarantee.

Sept. 14: Lehman Brothers Holdings files for bankruptcy; Oct. 13: Euro Area Announcement; Oct. 14: Treasury Capital Purchase Program, FDIC Debt Guarantee, and further details of Federal Reserve CPFF Program Announced

Source: Bloomberg

Middle panel
(2)

Title: Three-Month Commercial Paper Rates
Series: Three-Month AA-Rated Financial, AA-Non-Financial, AA-Asset Backed, and A2/P2 Non-Financial Commercial Paper Rates
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Three-month commercial paper rates decline in January.

Sept. 19: AMLF announced; Oct. 7: CPFF announced (effective Oct. 27); Oct. 21: MMIFF announced

Source: Federal Reserve Board

Bottom panel
(3)

Title: Mortgages and Agencies
Series: Mortgage Option-Adjusted Spread to Treasury, 5-Year Fannie Mae Debt to Treasury, and 30-Year Fixed Conforming Mortgage Rate
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Mortgage rates increase while agency rates decline.

Sept. 7: Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac enter conservatorship; Nov. 25: Agency Coupon and Agency-MBS Purchases Announced; Dec. 30: Agency-MBS FAQ Released; Jan. 5: First Agency-MBS Purchase

Source: Bloomberg, Lehman Brothers/Barclays

Page 2

Top panel
(4)

Title: Corporate Debt Cash Spreads Narrow Recently
Series: Investment Grade and High Yield corporate debt cash spreads
Horizon: August 1, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: Corporate debt cash spreads narrow.

Source: Merrill Lynch/Bank of America

Middle panel
(5)

Title: Monthly Investment Grade Bond Issuance
Series: Guaranteed and Not Guaranteed Investment Grade Bond issuance
Horizon: January 2008 - January 2009
Description: Investment grade guaranteed bond issuance increases from early 2008.

Source: JPMorgan Chase

Page 3

Top panel
(6)

Title: Asset-Backed Security Spreads Narrow After Year End
Series: AAA-Rated Spreads to 1-Month Libor for 3-Year Auto ABS, 5-Year Credit Card ABS, and 3-Year FFELP Student Loan ABS
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Asset-backed security spreads narrow after year end.

Dec. 19: TALF announced

Source: JPMorgan Chase

Middle panel
(7)

Title: Commercial Mortgage-Backed and Leveraged Loan Prices Deteriorate
Series: Implied Prices of Series 2, 4 CMBX and LCDX
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Commercial mortgage-backed and leveraged loan prices deteriorate.

Source: Lehman Brothers/Barclays, JPMorgan Chase

Page 4

Top panel
(8)

Title: Average Daily Bid-Ask Spread: Euro-Dollar FX Rate
Series: Average daily bid-ask spread of the Euro-Dollar FX rate 10-day moving average and average percent
Horizon: January 1, 2007 - January 22, 2009
Description: Average daily bid-ask spread of Euro-Dollar FX rate decreasing in January.

Source: ICAP FX

Middle panel
(9)

Title: Trade Quote Sizes in the Treasury Market Shrink
Series: Average daily trade quote sizes in the Treasury market (2-year, 5-year, 10-year, and 30-year) for 2008, December 2008, and January 2009
Horizon: 2008-2009
Description: Trade quote sizes in the Treasury market shrink.

Source: Broker Tec

Page 5

Top panel
(10)

Title: Average Absolute Price Error between Treasury Yields and FRB Model
Series: Average Absolute Price Error between the FRB Treasury Spline and Nominal Yields
Horizon: January 1, 2007 - January 21, 2009
Description: The average absolute price error between the FRB Treasury spline and nominal Treasury yields increases.

* Calculated from securities with two to ten years until maturity, excluding on-the-run and first off-the-run securities.

Source: Federal Reserve Board

Middle panel
(11)

Title: Corporate CDS Bond Basis
Series: Investment grade and high yield corporate CDS-bond basis
Horizon: January 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Investment grade corporate CDS-bond basis remains steady since December while high yield corporate CDS-bond basis increases.

Source: JPMorgan Chase

Bottom panel
(12)

Title: Hedge Fund Returns Decline
Series: Credit Suisse/Tremont Hedge Fund Index twelve-month rolling returns
Horizon: January 1, 1998 - December 30, 2008
Description: Hedge fund annual average returns decline.

Source: CS/Tremont, Bloomberg, Lehman Brothers/Barclays

Page 6

Top panel
(13) Bank Earnings Disappoint Expectations

Q3 2008 - Q4 2008
Q4 Earnings Q3 Capital Ratios
Earnings Estimate ($bln) Actual Earnings ($bln) Tangible Common Equity to Assets Tier 1 Capital Ratio
U.S. Bank Holding Companies
JPMorgan Chase 0.4 0.7 3.8 8.9
Citigroup -5.0 -8.3 1.8 8.2
Bank of America 1.6 -1.8 2.6 7.6
Merrill Lynch -1.9 -15.3 8.7
Wells Fargo** 1.6 5.4 8.6
State Street 0.0 0.1 2.4 16.0
Bank of New York-Mellon 0.7 0.1 2.1 9.3
Goldman Sachs -1.7 -2.1 11.6
Morgan Stanley 0.5 -2.3 12.7
Foreign Banks (in local currency)
UBS -3.1 1.6 10.8
Credit Suisse -3.0 2.0 10.4
Deutsche Bank -4.4 -4.8 1.2 7.6
HSBC 4.2 3.4 8.2
Barclays* 1.1 1.0 7.9
RBS* -4.2 2.7
BNP Paribas 0.7 2.1
Societe Generale 0.6 2.7 8.2

* U.K. banks report semi-annually  Return to table

** Expected to report Q4 earning on 1/28/09  Return to table

Source: Bloomberg

Bottom panel
(14)

Title: Bank Capital Ratios
Series: Tier 1 and Tangible Common Equity Ratios of eight large banks and fourteen regional banks
Horizon: Q3 2008
Description: Regional banks, on average, have higher volumes of liquid assets than larger banks, shown in their tangible common equity ratios.

Tier 1 Ratio: 8 Large Banks: 11.5%; 14 Regional Banks: 11.1%. Tangible Common Equity Ratio: 8 Large Banks: 3.4%; 14 Regional Banks: 6.1%.

Source: Goldman Sachs

Page 7

Top panel
(15)

Title: Former Investment Bank Equity Prices
Series: Equity prices for Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs and the Standard & Poor's 500 Index
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Former investment bank equity prices are decreasing since they have become bank holding companies.

Sept. 22: Goldman and Morgan Stanley become bank holding companies

Source: Bloomberg

Middle panel
(16)

Title: Commercial Bank Equity Prices
Series: Equity prices for Bank of America, Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, Wells Fargo, and S&P 500 Index
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Commercial bank equity prices for Bank of America, Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, and Wells Fargo decrease.

Source: Bloomberg

Bottom panel
(17)

Title: European Bank Equity Prices
Series: Equity prices for Barclays, RBS, HSBC, Deutsche, Societe Generale, UBS, and Credit Suisse
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: European bank equity prices decrease.

Source: Bloomberg

Page 8

Top panel
(18)

Title: Former Investment Bank CDS Spreads
Series: Credit Default Swap Spreads for Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Credit default swap spreads for Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs stabilize below recent wide levels.

Source: Markit

Middle panel
(19)

Title: Commercial Bank CDS Spreads
Series: Credit Default Swap Spreads for Bank of America, Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, and Wells Fargo
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Commercial bank CDS spreads for Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase, and Wells Fargo widen modestly while Citigroup spread widens dramatically.

Sept. 14: Lehman Brothers Holdings files for bankruptcy & Bank of America announced purchse of Merrill Lynch; Nov. 23: US government provides a package of guarantees, liquidity access, and capital to Citigroup

Source: Markit

Bottom panel
(20)

Title: European Bank CDS Spreads
Series: Credit Default Swap Spreads for Barclays, RBS, HSBC, Deutsche, Societe Generale, UBS, and Credit Suisse
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Credit default swap spreads for Barclays and UBS widen.

Source: Bloomberg

Page 9

Top panel
(21)

Title: Sovereign CDS Spreads Widen
Series: Credit Default Swap spreads for United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Japan, Ireland, Australia, and Korea
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Sovereign credit default swap spreads widen.

Source: Bloomberg

Middle panel
(22)

Title: Treasury Yield Curve Steepens Modestly
Series: 2-Year, 5-Year, 10-Year, and 30-Year Treasury Yields
Horizon: August 1, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: Treasury yield curve steepens modestly.

Source: Bloomberg

Bottom panel
(23)

Title: Distribution of Expected Policy Target Rate Among Primary Dealers Prior to January 28 FOMC Meeting
Series: Dealer expectations for policy target rate by quarter, average forecast for policy target by quarter, and market rate for policy expectation by quarter as of 1/20/2009
Horizon: Expectations for Q1 2009 - Q4 2010
Description: On average, primary dealer economists are forecasting a slower rate of increase in the policy target rate over the next two years than what is currently priced into Eurodollar futures.

Source: Dealer Policy Survey

Page 10

Top panel
(24)

Title: Federal Reserve Balance Sheet Assets
Series: The composition of the Federal Reserve balance sheet assets.
Horizon: August 2007 - January 2009
Description: The Federal Reserve balance sheet contracts slightly.

All Other Lending; PCF+PDCF; AMLF; CPFF; FX Swaps; TAF; Outright Agency Holdings; Single Tranche Repo; Conventional RPs; Outright Treasury Holdings; Autofactors

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Middle panel
(25)

Title: Market Rates Corresponding to Liquidity Facilities
Series: One-Month GC Treasury Repo, One-Month Agency-MBS Repo, One-Month USD Libor, Three-Month USD Libor, Three-Month Financial Commercial Paper
Horizon: July 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Market rates steadily decline.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Page 11

Top panel
(26)

Title: TSLF Loans Outstanding
Series: Schedule 1 Term Securities Lending Facility loans outstanding, Schedule 2 Term Securities Lending Facility loans outstanding, Term Securities Lending Facility Option Program outstanding (Schedule 2)
Horizon: March 28, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Term Securities Lending Facility loans outstanding decrease.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Middle panel
(27)

Title: Demand at TSLF Auctions
Series: Schedule 1 Auction Size, Schedule 1 Amount Awarded, Schedule 2 Auction Size, Schedule 2 Amount Awarded, Schedule 1 Stop-Out Rate, Schedule 2 Stop-Out Rate
Horizon: March 27, 2008 - January 22, 2009
Description: Term Securities Lending Facility amount awarded decreases for both Schedule 1 and Schedule 2 auctions.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Bottom panel
(28)

Title: Total Outstanding FX Swap Draw-Downs Decline
Series: Total Outstanding FX Swap Draw-Downs for the Bank of Korea, Swiss National Bank, Riksbank, Reserve Bank of Australia, European Central Bank, Norges Bank, Danmark National Banken, Bank of Japan, and Bank of England
Horizon: December 1, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: Total outstanding FX swap draw-downs decline.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Page 12

Top panel
(29)

Title: Term Auction Facility Loans Outstanding
Series: Term Auction Facility loans outstanding for Forward, 84-Day, and 28-Day operations
Horizon: December 20, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: Term Auction Facility loans outstanding increase after year-end.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Middle panel
(30)

Title: Demand at TAF Auctions
Series: Term Auction Facility Auction Size, Amount Awarded, and Stop-Out Rate Spread to Minimum Bid Rate
Horizon: December 20, 2007 - January 15, 2009
Description: Recent Term Auction Facility auctions stop-out at the minimum bid rate.

Source: Federal Reserve Board

Bottom panel
(31)

Title: PCF and PDCF Borrowing
Series: Primary Credit Facility and Primary Dealer Credit Facility borrowing
Horizon: January 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Primary Credit Facility and Primary Dealer Credit Facility borrowing decreases.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Page 13

Top panel
(32)

Title: Amount of CPFF Loans Outstanding
Series: Amount of Commercial Paper Funding Facility loans outstanding for commercial paper, FDIC guaranteed commercial paper, and asset-backed commercial paper
Horizon: October 27, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: CP and FDIC guaranteed CP outstanding increase slightly recently.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Middle panel
(33)

Title: AMLF Loans Outstanding
Series: Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility loans outstanding
Horizon: September 22, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: AMLF loans outstanding decrease.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Bottom panel
(34)

Title: Assets in Prime Money Market Funds
Series: Assets in Prime, Treasury Only, Treasury and Repo, and Treasury and Agency Money Market Funds
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Assets in Prime and Treasury and Agency funds increase while assets in Treasury Only and Treasury and Repo funds decrease.

Sept. 14: Lehman Brothers Holdings files for bankruptcy; Sept. 16: Reserve Fund breaks the buck; Sept. 19: AMLF announced; Oct. 7: CPFF announced (effective Oct. 27); Oct. 21: MMIFF; Jan. 5: MMIFF eligibility expanded

Source: iMoneyNet

Page 14

Top panel
(35)

Title: Purchases of Agency-MBS
Series: Cumulative Amount of Agency-MBS Purchases and Agency-MBS Purchase Size
Horizon: January 5, 2009 -January 23, 2009
Description: Cumulative amount of Agency-MBS purchases increases.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Middle panel
(36)

Title: Mortgage Refinance Applications
Series: Mortgage Application Index, Mortgage Refinance Application Index
Horizon: January 1, 2008 - January 16, 2009
Description: Mortgage refinance applications increase.

Nov. 25: Agency Coupon and Agency-MBS Purchases Announced; Dec. 30: Agency-MBS FAQ Released; Jan. 5: First Agency-MBS Purchase

Source: Bloomberg

Bottom panel
(37)

Title: Purchases of Agency Coupon Debt
Series: Cumulative Amount of Agency Coupon Debt and Agency Coupon Purchase Size
Horizon: December 5, 2008 - January 22, 2009
Description: Cumulative amount of agency coupon debt purchased increases.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

APPENDIX: Reference Exhibits

Page 15

Top panel
(38)

Title: Three-Month Libor and Expectations for Three-Month Libor Decline
Series: Three-Month U.S. Libor and Three-Month Forward Three-Month Libor
Horizon: July 1, 2007 - January 23, 2009
Description: Three-month Libor and expectations for three-month Libor decline.

Source: Bloomberg

Middle panel
(39)

Title: Spread between Jumbo and Conforming Mortgage Rates Remains Wide
Series: Conforming Mortgage Rates, Jumbo Mortgage Rates, and the spread between Conforming Mortgage Rates and Jumbo Mortgage Rates
Horizon: January 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Conforming mortgage rates decline.

Source: Bloomberg

Bottom panel
(40)

Title: Ten- and Thirty-Year AAA-Rated Municipal Debt Yields Decline
Series: Ten- and thirty-year AAA-Rated municipal debt yields
Horizon: August 1, 2008 - January 23, 2009
Description: Ten- and thirty-year AAA-rated municipal debt yields decline.

Source: Bloomberg

Page 16

Top panel
(41)

Title: Distribution of Expected Policy Target Rate Among Primary Dealers Prior to December 16 FOMC meeting
Series: Dealer expectations for policy target rate by quarter, average forecast for policy target by quarter, and market rate for policy expectation by quarter
Horizon: Q1 2009 - Q4 2009
Description: On average, primary dealer economists are forecasting a slower rate of increase in the policy target rate than what is currently priced into Eurodollar futures.

Source: Dealer Policy Survey



Appendix 2: Materials used by Mr. Sichel, Ms. Dynan, and Mr. Reeve

Material for Staff Presentation on the Economic Outlook
January 27, 2009

CLASS II FOMC - Restricted (FR)

Exhibit 1
Recent Indicators

Top-left panel
Change in Private Payroll Employment

Thousands of employees
Period Change
January 2005 88.67
February 2005 145.00
March 2005 143.00
April 2005 213.33
May 2005 199.00
June 2005 250.00
July 2005 239.00
August 2005 251.33
September 2005 200.67
October 2005 150.67
November 2005 190.67
December 2005 192.67
January 2006 240.67
February 2006 215.67
March 2006 250.67
April 2006 206.33
May 2006 129.00
June 2006 82.67
July 2006 99.33
August 2006 151.67
September 2006 158.67
October 2006 119.67
November 2006 119.00
December 2006 142.33
January 2007 155.33
February 2007 98.67
March 2007 89.33
April 2007 63.33
May 2007 108.67
June 2007 85.33
July 2007 105.67
August 2007 70.67
September 2007 62.33
October 2007 67.67
November 2007 71.67
December 2007 45.00
January 2008 -16.33
February 2008 -67.33
March 2008 -97.00
April 2008 -101.00
May 2008 -97.67
June 2008 -100.00
July 2008 -105.00
August 2008 -118.33
September 2008 -209.67
October 2008 -320.33
November 2008 -467.67
December 2008 -516.67

Note: Three-month moving average.

Top-right panel
Manufacturing IP Ex. Motor Vehicles

Percent change, annual rate
Period Percent change
January 2005 5.92
February 2005 7.09
March 2005 5.21
April 2005 2.56
May 2005 3.02
June 2005 3.44
July 2005 3.27
August 2005 1.74
September 2005 -3.84
October 2005 2.18
November 2005 6.29
December 2005 12.22
January 2006 7.47
February 2006 1.56
March 2006 0.90
April 2006 0.93
May 2006 1.27
June 2006 3.10
July 2006 2.24
August 2006 3.91
September 2006 1.94
October 2006 -0.87
November 2006 -3.01
December 2006 1.17
January 2007 1.32
February 2007 2.46
March 2007 1.48
April 2007 3.93
May 2007 5.00
June 2007 3.85
July 2007 5.49
August 2007 3.16
September 2007 3.81
October 2007 -0.46
November 2007 1.76
December 2007 -0.28
January 2008 1.61
February 2008 -1.54
March 2008 -0.02
April 2008 -2.62
May 2008 -0.44
June 2008 -3.86
July 2008 -3.10
August 2008 -4.51
September 2008 -18.31
October 2008 -13.35
November 2008 -19.48
December 2008 -11.88

Note: Three-month percent changes.

Middle-left panel
Light Motor Vehicle Production

Millions of units, annual rate
Period Production
January 2005 11.48
February 2005 12.06
March 2005 11.58
April 2005 11.02
May 2005 11.17
June 2005 11.53
July 2005 11.33
August 2005 11.73
September 2005 12.10
October 2005 12.07
November 2005 11.32
December 2005 10.84
January 2006 11.37
February 2006 11.06
March 2006 11.32
April 2006 11.12
May 2006 10.91
June 2006 11.13
July 2006 10.16
August 2006 10.68
September 2006 10.55
October 2006 10.23
November 2006 10.54
December 2006 10.73
January 2007 10.00
February 2007 10.38
March 2007 10.37
April 2007 10.76
May 2007 10.62
June 2007 10.92
July 2007 11.08
August 2007 10.71
September 2007 10.24
October 2007 10.18
November 2007 10.37
December 2007 10.23
January 2008 9.98
February 2008 9.90
March 2008 9.16
April 2008 8.18
May 2008 8.44
June 2008 8.96
July 2008 9.44
August 2008 7.99
September 2008 8.21
October 2008 7.87
November 2008 7.40
December 2008 6.44
Quarterly average
Millions of units, annual rate
Period Production
2005:Q1 11.71
2005:Q2 11.24
2005:Q3 11.72
2005:Q4 11.41
2006:Q1 11.25
2006:Q2 11.05
2006:Q3 10.46
2006:Q4 10.50
2007:Q1 10.25
2007:Q2 10.77
2007:Q3 10.68
2007:Q4 10.26
2008:Q1 9.68
2008:Q2 8.53
2008:Q3 8.55
2008:Q4 7.24
2009:Q1p 5.88

Middle-right panel
Real PCE Goods Ex. Motor Vehicles

Percent change, annual rate
Period Percent change Dec. GB
2008:H1 2.25 ND
2008:Q3 -7.36 ND
2008:Q4 -9.11 -9.26
2009:Q1 -5.28 -4.57

ND No data

Bottom-left panel
Single-Family Housing Starts

Millions of units, annual rate
Period Starts Permits
January 2005 1.74 1.65
February 2005 1.79 1.63
March 2005 1.58 1.58
April 2005 1.66 1.65
May 2005 1.71 1.64
June 2005 1.72 1.68
July 2005 1.72 1.72
August 2005 1.73 1.72
September 2005 1.79 1.80
October 2005 1.74 1.74
November 2005 1.81 1.73
December 2005 1.63 1.66
January 2006 1.82 1.69
February 2006 1.80 1.64
March 2006 1.60 1.55
April 2006 1.51 1.50
May 2006 1.57 1.45
June 2006 1.45 1.39
July 2006 1.42 1.31
August 2006 1.36 1.28
September 2006 1.38 1.22
October 2006 1.21 1.18
November 2006 1.29 1.16
December 2006 1.25 1.20
January 2007 1.11 1.14
February 2007 1.19 1.12
March 2007 1.20 1.14
April 2007 1.20 1.08
May 2007 1.15 1.06
June 2007 1.14 1.02
July 2007 1.06 1.00
August 2007 0.97 0.93
September 2007 0.94 0.87
October 2007 0.88 0.81
November 2007 0.82 0.77
December 2007 0.78 0.71
January 2008 0.75 0.68
February 2008 0.72 0.65
March 2008 0.71 0.62
April 2008 0.68 0.65
May 2008 0.68 0.64
June 2008 0.66 0.62
July 2008 0.64 0.58
August 2008 0.62 0.55
September 2008 0.55 0.54
October 2008 0.54 0.47
November 2008 0.46 0.41
December 2008 0.40 0.36

Bottom-right panel
Real GDP

(Percent change, annual rate)
Jan. GB Dec. GB
2008:Q4 -4.9 -4.7
2009:Q1 -5.6 -5.0
2009:Q2 -1.3 -1.2

Exhibit 2
Key Background Factors and Medium-Term Outlook

Top-left panel
Real GDP

Percent change, annual rate
Period Percent change Dec. GB
2008:H2 -2.74 -2.58
2009:H1 -3.45 -3.11
2009:H2 1.95 1.31
2010 2.61 2.47

Top-right panel
Factors Contributing to Recovery

  • Financial stress begins to recede
  • Housing begins to stabilize
  • Fiscal and monetary stimulus
  • Inventory dynamics

Middle-left panel
Response to 2009 Fiscal Stimulus Package

  • Households begin spending tax cuts ($180) and transfers ($90) when received.
  • Investment response to business tax cuts ($120) is limited.
  • Of total new funding for state and local governments ($400), only 40 percent spent by the end of 2010.

Middle-right panel
Contribution of Fiscal Package to GDP Growth*

Percentage points
Period Contribution Dec. GB
2009 1.35 0.90
2010 0.90 0.55

* Includes housing-related programs financed by the TARP.  Return to text

Bottom-left panel
Contributions of Inventories to Real GDP Growth

(Percentage points, annual rate)
Current Episode* Postwar Average
1. Year before peak -0.5 0.4
2. Peak to trough -0.3 -1.6
3. Year after trough 1.0 1.3

* GDP peak in 2008:Q2 and trough in 2009:Q2.  Return to table

Bottom-right panel
Inventory Dynamics

  • In the year before the peak, inventories held down real GDP growth.
  • Peak-to-trough, inventories hold down real GDP only a little.
  • In the year after the trough, the cessation of inventory decumulation contributes importantly to real GDP growth.

Exhibit 3
Single-Family Housing

Top-left panel
Single-Family Starts

Millions of units, annual rate
Period Starts
2004:Q1 1.56
2004:Q2 1.61
2004:Q3 1.64
2004:Q4 1.61
2005:Q1 1.70
2005:Q2 1.70
2005:Q3 1.75
2005:Q4 1.73
2006:Q1 1.74
2006:Q2 1.51
2006:Q3 1.39
2006:Q4 1.25
2007:Q1 1.16
2007:Q2 1.16
2007:Q3 0.99
2007:Q4 0.83
2008:Q1 0.73
2008:Q2 0.68
2008:Q3 0.60
2008:Q4 0.46
Forecast
2009:Q1 0.36
2009:Q2 0.39
2009:Q3 0.48
2009:Q4 0.55
2010:Q1 0.58
2010:Q2 0.61
2010:Q3 0.64
2010:Q4 0.70

Top-right panel
Rate on 30-year Fixed-Rate Conforming Mortgages

Period Percent
10 January 2007 6.21
17 January 2007 6.23
24 January 2007 6.25
31 January 2007 6.34
7 February 2007 6.28
14 February 2007 6.30
21 February 2007 6.22
28 February 2007 6.18
7 March 2007 6.14
14 March 2007 6.14
21 March 2007 6.16
28 March 2007 6.16
4 April 2007 6.17
11 April 2007 6.22
18 April 2007 6.17
25 April 2007 6.16
2 May 2007 6.16
9 May 2007 6.15
16 May 2007 6.21
23 May 2007 6.37
30 May 2007 6.42
6 June 2007 6.53
13 June 2007 6.74
20 June 2007 6.69
27 June 2007 6.67
4 July 2007 6.63
11 July 2007 6.73
18 July 2007 6.73
25 July 2007 6.69
1 August 2007 6.68
8 August 2007 6.59
15 August 2007 6.62
22 August 2007 6.52
29 August 2007 6.45
5 September 2007 6.46
12 September 2007 6.31
19 September 2007 6.34
26 September 2007 6.42
3 October 2007 6.37
10 October 2007 6.40
17 October 2007 6.40
24 October 2007 6.33
31 October 2007 6.26
7 November 2007 6.24
14 November 2007 6.24
21 November 2007 6.20
28 November 2007 6.10
5 December 2007 5.96
12 December 2007 6.11
19 December 2007 6.14
26 December 2007 6.17
2 January 2008 6.07
9 January 2008 5.87
16 January 2008 5.69
23 January 2008 5.48
30 January 2008 5.68
6 February 2008 5.67
13 February 2008 5.72
20 February 2008 6.04
27 February 2008 6.24
5 March 2008 6.03
12 March 2008 6.13
19 March 2008 5.87
26 March 2008 5.85
2 April 2008 5.88
9 April 2008 5.88
16 April 2008 5.88
23 April 2008 6.03
30 April 2008 6.06
7 May 2008 6.05
14 May 2008 6.01
21 May 2008 5.98
28 May 2008 6.08
4 June 2008 6.09
11 June 2008 6.32
18 June 2008 6.42
25 June 2008 6.45
2 July 2008 6.35
9 July 2008 6.37
16 July 2008 6.26
23 July 2008 6.63
30 July 2008 6.52
6 August 2008 6.52
13 August 2008 6.52
20 August 2008 6.47
27 August 2008 6.40
3 September 2008 6.35
10 September 2008 5.93
17 September 2008 5.78
24 September 2008 6.09
1 October 2008 6.10
8 October 2008 5.94
15 October 2008 6.46
22 October 2008 6.04
29 October 2008 6.46
5 November 2008 6.20
12 November 2008 6.14
19 November 2008 6.04
26 November 2008 5.97
3 December 2008 5.53
10 December 2008 5.47
17 December 2008 5.19
24 December 2008 5.14
31 December 2008 5.10
Forecast
2009:Q1 5.15
2009:Q2 5.10
2009:Q3 5.05
2009:Q4 5.05
2010:Q1 5.00
2010:Q2 5.00
2010:Q3 4.95
2010:Q4 4.95

MBS purchase program announced on November 25, 2008.

Middle-left panel
Tighter Supply of Mortgage Credit

Much more difficult to obtain mortgages for households:

  • Lacking solid credit histories
  • Unable to make significant downpayments
  • In need of low introductory rates

Lending is more restrictive than in the past to those seeking to finance an amount above the conforming limit.

Middle-right panel
Overvaluation of Single-Family Homes*

Period Percent
1979:Q1 2.18
1979:Q2 4.14
1979:Q3 4.07
1979:Q4 4.89
1980:Q1 6.79
1980:Q2 6.86
1980:Q3 5.67
1980:Q4 5.87
1981:Q1 4.33
1981:Q2 6.10
1981:Q3 7.10
1981:Q4 5.19
1982:Q1 4.84
1982:Q2 4.07
1982:Q3 1.28
1982:Q4 -1.09
1983:Q1 -0.92
1983:Q2 -1.67
1983:Q3 -1.01
1983:Q4 -1.48
1984:Q1 -1.36
1984:Q2 -1.21
1984:Q3 -0.55
1984:Q4 -1.56
1985:Q1 -1.42
1985:Q2 -2.55
1985:Q3 -3.00
1985:Q4 -3.46
1986:Q1 -3.77
1986:Q2 -3.29
1986:Q3 -2.86
1986:Q4 -3.06
1987:Q1 -3.65
1987:Q2 -0.85
1987:Q3 -1.21
1987:Q4 0.26
1988:Q1 -0.74
1988:Q2 1.91
1988:Q3 3.26
1988:Q4 3.25
1989:Q1 4.23
1989:Q2 2.64
1989:Q3 2.52
1989:Q4 2.49
1990:Q1 3.02
1990:Q2 1.98
1990:Q3 0.11
1990:Q4 -0.85
1991:Q1 -0.42
1991:Q2 -0.38
1991:Q3 -1.46
1991:Q4 -2.38
1992:Q1 -1.48
1992:Q2 -2.85
1992:Q3 -3.62
1992:Q4 -3.34
1993:Q1 -5.05
1993:Q2 -5.60
1993:Q3 -5.51
1993:Q4 -4.92
1994:Q1 -4.60
1994:Q2 -3.40
1994:Q3 -3.45
1994:Q4 -3.38
1995:Q1 -4.20
1995:Q2 -4.78
1995:Q3 -4.26
1995:Q4 -4.70
1996:Q1 -4.56
1996:Q2 -3.74
1996:Q3 -4.35
1996:Q4 -5.09
1997:Q1 -4.98
1997:Q2 -4.57
1997:Q3 -5.39
1997:Q4 -4.89
1998:Q1 -4.44
1998:Q2 -4.19
1998:Q3 -4.38
1998:Q4 -3.90
1999:Q1 -3.29
1999:Q2 -2.20
1999:Q3 -0.95
1999:Q4 -0.53
2000:Q1 0.61
2000:Q2 1.63
2000:Q3 2.10
2000:Q4 2.06
2001:Q1 2.07
2001:Q2 2.78
2001:Q3 3.05
2001:Q4 3.12
2002:Q1 4.40
2002:Q2 5.83
2002:Q3 6.68
2002:Q4 7.72
2003:Q1 8.32
2003:Q2 9.42
2003:Q3 12.30
2003:Q4 14.61
2004:Q1 16.45
2004:Q2 19.90
2004:Q3 21.62
2004:Q4 24.13
2005:Q1 27.23
2005:Q2 29.85
2005:Q3 32.20
2005:Q4 33.57
2006:Q1 33.07
2006:Q2 31.95
2006:Q3 30.46
2006:Q4 29.13
2007:Q1 27.22
2007:Q2 25.01
2007:Q3 21.40
2007:Q4 15.85
2008:Q1 10.69
2008:Q2 9.13
2008:Q3 4.90
Forecast
2008:Q4 -0.88
2009:Q1 -6.42
2009:Q2 -10.97
2009:Q3 -14.91
2009:Q4 -17.77
2010:Q1 -19.85
2010:Q2 -21.57
2010:Q3 -22.72
2010:Q4 -23.52

* Deviation of log price-rent ratio from a linear trend, estimated over 1975:Q1-2003:Q3.  Return to text

Bottom-left panel
Housing Equity

Sept. 2007 Sept. 2008
Current equity < 20%
1. Subprime 52 61
2. Prime* 17 31
Current equity < 0
3. Subprime 11 28
4. Prime* 1 9

* Includes near-prime mortgages; first liens only.  Return to table

Bottom-right panel
Foreclosure Starts

Millions
Prime* Subprime FHA/VA
2006 0.32 0.54 0.16
2007 0.55 0.85 0.15
2008 0.99 1.08 0.20
Forecast
2009 1.08 0.71 0.25
2010 0.76 0.42 0.21

* Includes near-prime mortgages.  Return to table

Note: 2008 figure based on data through 2008:Q3 and a projection for 2008:Q4.

Exhibit 4
Consumer Spending

Top-left panel
Real PCE and DPI

Percent change, annual rate
Period DPI PCE
2006 3.58 3.24
2007 1.84 2.20
2008:H1 4.85 1.04
Forecast
2008:H2 -2.33 -3.85
2009 2.49 0.64
2010 2.27 2.93

Top-right panel
Saving Rate and Wealth-to-Income Ratio

Period Personal saving rate
(Percent)
Wealth-to-income ratio
2003:Q1 1.87 5.12
2003:Q2 2.15 5.32
2003:Q3 2.35 5.35
2003:Q4 2.19 5.61
2004:Q1 2.07 5.65
2004:Q2 2.00 5.67
2004:Q3 1.78 5.67
2004:Q4 1.41 5.90
2005:Q1 0.82 5.96
2005:Q2 0.51 6.09
2005:Q3 -0.69 6.23
2005:Q4 0.80 6.21
2006:Q1 1.00 6.31
2006:Q2 0.57 6.20
2006:Q3 0.50 6.21
2006:Q4 0.88 6.33
2007:Q1 1.09 6.31
2007:Q2 0.31 6.37
2007:Q3 0.46 6.28
2007:Q4 0.41 6.03
2008:Q1 0.20 5.74
2008:Q2 2.48 5.50
2008:Q3 1.22 5.30
Forecast
2008:Q4 3.25 4.86
2009:Q1 5.42 4.67
2009:Q2 5.76 4.58
2009:Q3 5.38 4.55
2009:Q4 5.17 4.53
2010:Q1 5.16 4.51
2010:Q2 4.99 4.51
2010:Q3 4.88 4.50
2010:Q4 4.70 4.51

Middle-left panel
Sources of Financing for Consumer Spending

Billions of dollars, annual rate
Period Borrowing through:
Consumer credit Home equity loans and
cash-out refinancings
2007 134 396
2008:H1 110 222
2008:Q3 30 73
2008:Q4 -90 17

Note: 2008:Q4 estimated based on partial data.

Middle-right panel
Commercial Banks Tightening Standards on Consumer Loans

Net percentage of respondents
Period Credit cards Consumer installment loans
1996:Q1 25.0 15.7
1996:Q2 23.5 12.0
1996:Q3 48.9 24.5
1996:Q4 48.8 23.1
1997:Q1 36.9 20.0
1997:Q2 45.9 19.3
1997:Q3 23.3 8.4
1997:Q4 25.0 12.0
1998:Q1 22.2 16.3
1998:Q2 16.3 6.1
1998:Q3 20.0 7.8
1998:Q4 15.9 8.0
1999:Q1 7.4 -1.9
1999:Q2 13.3 5.4
1999:Q3 4.8 5.6
1999:Q4 4.9 0.0
2000:Q1 4.8 3.9
2000:Q2 2.5 5.5
2000:Q3 -2.6 3.7
2000:Q4 8.3 7.4
2001:Q1 11.8 18.6
2001:Q2 20.0 18.9
2001:Q3 11.4 9.1
2001:Q4 20.0 20.0
2002:Q1 18.2 17.0
2002:Q2 8.6 20.0
2002:Q3 14.7 9.0
2002:Q4 15.2 16.8
2003:Q1 16.2 8.8
2003:Q2 9.7 12.9
2003:Q3 0.0 5.5
2003:Q4 2.9 1.8
2004:Q1 6.3 5.7
2004:Q2 3.3 -2.0
2004:Q3 0.0 0.0
2004:Q4 -2.9 -3.9
2005:Q1 -3.0 -2.0
2005:Q2 -8.3 -9.8
2005:Q3 -6.5 -3.9
2005:Q4 -3.0 -3.9
2006:Q1 3.2 0.0
2006:Q2 -2.6 1.8
2006:Q3 -3.0 -5.8
2006:Q4 -3.0 -5.8
2007:Q1 0.0 0.0
2007:Q2 -11.1 7.8
2007:Q3 -3.2 12.0
2007:Q4 3.2 26.0
2008:Q1 9.7 32.1
2008:Q2 32.4 44.4
2008:Q3 66.6 67.4
2008:Q4 58.8 64.2
January 2009 58.8 58.0

Bottom-left panel
Developments in Consumer ABS Markets

  • Very little issuance since October.
  • The commercial banks that make most credit card loans have alternative sources of funding.
  • But, the finance companies affiliated with the auto manufacturers have not (for the most part) had access to these sources.

Bottom-right panel
Auto Loans Originated by the Detroit Three Finance Companies per Unit Sold

Period Thousands of dollars
January 2006 5.26
February 2006 5.85
March 2006 5.86
April 2006 5.74
May 2006 6.27
June 2006 5.95
July 2006 8.45
August 2006 7.20
September 2006 7.21
October 2006 5.14
November 2006 5.90
December 2006 4.60
January 2007 4.27
February 2007 6.05
March 2007 5.89
April 2007 5.29
May 2007 5.91
June 2007 5.89
July 2007 5.63
August 2007 5.31
September 2007 4.74
October 2007 6.40
November 2007 6.14
December 2007 5.79
January 2008 5.48
February 2008 4.93
March 2008 5.26
April 2008 5.92
May 2008 5.24
June 2008 4.89
July 2008 6.93
August 2008 4.85
September 2008 5.51
October 2008 5.37
November 2008 3.39

Exhibit 5
Business Investment and Finance

Top-left panel
The Accelerator

Period NFB output
(Percent change)
BFI share
(Percent)
1990:Q1 3.69 21.14
1990:Q2 2.13 20.50
1990:Q3 2.71 20.78
1990:Q4 2.20 20.62
1991:Q1 1.19 20.15
1991:Q2 -0.22 19.64
1991:Q3 -2.17 19.28
1991:Q4 -1.52 18.97
1992:Q1 -0.66 18.53
1992:Q2 1.08 19.04
1992:Q3 3.10 19.03
1992:Q4 3.37 19.29
1993:Q1 3.96 19.36
1993:Q2 4.99 19.82
1993:Q3 3.86 19.70
1993:Q4 3.37 20.30
1994:Q1 3.06 20.35
1994:Q2 3.13 20.26
1994:Q3 4.16 20.40
1994:Q4 5.17 20.93
1995:Q1 4.84 21.62
1995:Q2 4.87 21.51
1995:Q3 4.15 21.30
1995:Q4 2.74 21.42
1996:Q1 3.38 21.52
1996:Q2 2.69 21.53
1996:Q3 3.12 21.95
1996:Q4 4.84 21.96
1997:Q1 4.73 22.00
1997:Q2 5.21 21.97
1997:Q3 5.19 22.59
1997:Q4 5.11 22.29
1998:Q1 5.48 22.55
1998:Q2 4.97 22.85
1998:Q3 5.58 22.62
1998:Q4 4.49 22.75
1999:Q1 4.35 22.81
1999:Q2 5.40 22.99
1999:Q3 4.93 23.03
1999:Q4 5.13 22.49
2000:Q1 5.22 22.96
2000:Q2 5.35 23.12
2000:Q3 4.36 23.18
2000:Q4 5.30 22.87
2001:Q1 3.64 22.45
2001:Q2 2.13 21.45
2001:Q3 1.87 21.19
2001:Q4 0.35 20.44
2002:Q1 -0.17 19.60
2002:Q2 -0.42 19.20
2002:Q3 0.73 18.93
2002:Q4 0.77 18.76
2003:Q1 2.30 18.45
2003:Q2 2.04 18.71
2003:Q3 1.47 18.57
2003:Q4 2.20 18.59
2004:Q1 4.10 18.22
2004:Q2 4.48 18.52
2004:Q3 4.84 18.91
2004:Q4 4.99 19.27
2005:Q1 3.26 19.26
2005:Q2 3.51 19.50
2005:Q3 3.79 19.51
2005:Q4 3.28 19.57
2006:Q1 3.51 20.00
2006:Q2 3.18 20.09
2006:Q3 3.73 20.21
2006:Q4 3.71 20.10
2007:Q1 2.58 19.99
2007:Q2 2.61 20.09
2007:Q3 0.92 20.05
2007:Q4 1.63 20.10
2008:Q1 2.92 19.97
2008:Q2 2.36 19.81
2008:Q3 2.82 19.74
Forecast
2008:Q4 2.09 19.27
2009:Q1 0.27 18.59
2009:Q2 -1.35 17.77
2009:Q3 -3.53 17.01
2009:Q4 -4.69 16.46
2010:Q1 -3.78 16.20
2010:Q2 -1.46 16.25
2010:Q3 1.13 16.41
2010:Q4 2.31 16.58
2011:Q1* 2.60 ND
2011:Q2* 3.00 ND

Note: BFI share equals nominal BFI divided by nominal nonfarm business (NFB) output. NFB output growth is measured as the percent change from four quarters earlier, lagged two quarters.

* Approximate values.  Return to table

Top-right panel
Components of BFI

Percent change, Q4/Q4
Period Equipment and software Nonresidential structures
2007 2.85 14.54
Forecast
2008 -8.65 9.41
2009 -11.97 -24.42
2010 9.02 -8.18

Middle-left panel
Equity Valuation for S&P 500

Monthly
Percent
Period Trend E/P* Real Treasury perpetuity yield
January 1986 10.10 6.41
February 1986 10.09 5.86
March 1986 9.43 4.74
April 1986 8.95 3.96
May 1986 9.08 4.36
June 1986 8.64 4.64
July 1986 8.52 4.32
August 1986 9.04 4.31
September 1986 8.44 4.83
October 1986 9.22 4.82
November 1986 8.74 4.52
December 1986 8.55 4.41
January 1987 8.81 4.09
February 1987 7.79 4.17
March 1987 7.52 4.07
April 1987 7.34 4.68
May 1987 7.44 5.03
June 1987 7.43 4.89
July 1987 7.11 4.63
August 1987 6.44 4.93
September 1987 7.26 5.55
October 1987 9.53 5.56
November 1987 9.11 4.95
December 1987 8.98 4.92
January 1988 8.87 4.91
February 1988 8.73 4.64
March 1988 8.36 4.84
April 1988 8.79 5.14
May 1988 9.16 5.45
June 1988 8.47 5.14
July 1988 8.72 5.34
August 1988 9.10 5.39
September 1988 8.90 5.03
October 1988 8.75 4.89
November 1988 9.29 4.90
December 1988 9.00 4.64
January 1989 8.74 4.54
February 1989 8.60 4.63
March 1989 8.63 4.76
April 1989 8.44 4.65
May 1989 8.25 4.54
June 1989 8.18 4.01
July 1989 7.98 4.11
August 1989 7.83 4.09
September 1989 7.91 4.10
October 1989 8.07 3.86
November 1989 8.16 3.79
December 1989 7.93 3.78
January 1990 8.27 4.41
February 1990 8.57 4.66
March 1990 8.47 4.69
April 1990 8.41 4.65
May 1990 8.14 4.62
June 1990 7.93 4.35
July 1990 7.98 4.47
August 1990 8.59 5.00
September 1990 9.26 5.19
October 1990 9.85 5.10
November 1990 9.21 4.79
December 1990 8.96 4.45
January 1991 9.36 4.57
February 1991 8.02 4.39
March 1991 7.90 4.65
April 1991 7.57 4.51
May 1991 8.01 4.54
June 1991 7.86 4.74
July 1991 7.72 4.69
August 1991 7.54 4.42
September 1991 7.59 4.25
October 1991 7.47 4.45
November 1991 7.38 4.52
December 1991 7.64 4.42
January 1992 6.96 4.32
February 1992 7.17 4.52
March 1992 7.14 4.61
April 1992 7.08 4.39
May 1992 7.01 4.37
June 1992 7.27 4.48
July 1992 7.02 4.65
August 1992 7.01 4.45
September 1992 7.00 4.59
October 1992 7.19 4.82
November 1992 6.98 4.62
December 1992 6.85 4.37
January 1993 6.83 4.46
February 1993 6.84 4.32
March 1993 6.63 4.06
April 1993 6.64 3.92
May 1993 6.67 4.01
June 1993 6.69 3.86
July 1993 6.67 3.85
August 1993 6.61 3.50
September 1993 6.55 3.37
October 1993 6.58 3.34
November 1993 6.56 3.60
December 1993 6.63 3.57
January 1994 6.49 3.61
February 1994 6.54 3.72
March 1994 6.62 4.04
April 1994 7.00 4.32
May 1994 6.93 4.43
June 1994 6.87 4.52
July 1994 7.10 4.56
August 1994 6.90 4.51
September 1994 6.91 4.83
October 1994 6.94 5.00
November 1994 7.08 4.96
December 1994 7.32 4.55
January 1995 7.16 4.70
February 1995 7.02 4.61
March 1995 6.99 4.57
April 1995 6.88 4.55
May 1995 6.67 4.11
June 1995 6.63 3.71
July 1995 6.53 4.03
August 1995 6.50 4.17
September 1995 6.36 3.88
October 1995 6.34 3.84
November 1995 6.35 3.69
December 1995 6.14 3.48
January 1996 6.36 3.50
February 1996 5.95 3.82
March 1996 6.17 4.20
April 1996 6.20 4.38
May 1996 6.03 4.48
June 1996 6.12 4.54
July 1996 6.45 4.47
August 1996 6.23 4.35
September 1996 6.11 4.47
October 1996 5.96 4.27
November 1996 5.79 3.98
December 1996 5.84 4.03
January 1997 5.62 4.30
February 1997 5.36 4.17
March 1997 5.59 4.40
April 1997 5.80 4.65
May 1997 5.35 4.46
June 1997 5.08 4.32
July 1997 4.86 3.87
August 1997 4.99 3.94
September 1997 4.92 3.80
October 1997 4.85 3.96
November 1997 5.00 3.79
December 1997 4.94 3.62
January 1998 5.02 3.53
February 1998 4.70 3.61
March 1998 4.50 3.64
April 1998 4.40 3.71
May 1998 4.43 3.69
June 1998 4.51 3.39
July 1998 4.28 3.44
August 1998 4.61 3.36
September 1998 4.87 3.24
October 1998 5.10 3.29
November 1998 4.50 3.37
December 1998 4.46 3.25
January 1999 4.21 3.50
February 1999 4.27 3.65
March 1999 4.04 3.85
April 1999 3.96 3.65
May 1999 3.94 3.84
June 1999 4.00 4.03
July 1999 3.83 3.94
August 1999 4.05 4.02
September 1999 4.12 4.14
October 1999 4.26 4.25
November 1999 3.91 4.09
December 1999 3.93 4.26
January 2000 3.84 4.34
February 2000 4.06 3.76
March 2000 4.08 3.64
April 2000 4.01 3.48
May 2000 3.98 3.78
June 2000 3.96 3.61
July 2000 3.96 3.56
August 2000 4.00 3.38
September 2000 4.02 3.55
October 2000 4.48 3.58
November 2000 4.36 3.52
December 2000 4.48 3.30
January 2001 4.61 3.41
February 2001 4.67 3.37
March 2001 5.28 3.31
April 2001 4.98 3.69
May 2001 4.78 3.78
June 2001 4.96 3.67
July 2001 5.10 3.60
August 2001 5.22 3.46
September 2001 6.18 3.59
October 2001 5.69 3.38
November 2001 5.34 3.25
December 2001 5.28 3.66
January 2002 5.36 3.64
February 2002 5.38 3.56
March 2002 5.20 3.82
April 2002 5.32 3.77
May 2002 5.48 3.79
June 2002 5.94 3.75
July 2002 6.78 3.73
August 2002 6.42 3.49
September 2002 7.08 3.19
October 2002 6.78 3.48
November 2002 6.58 3.47
December 2002 6.72 3.43
January 2003 6.48 3.40
February 2003 7.07 3.25
March 2003 6.75 3.25
April 2003 6.60 3.32
May 2003 6.23 2.93
June 2003 5.93 2.79
July 2003 6.01 3.34
August 2003 5.96 3.78
September 2003 5.69 3.61
October 2003 5.64 3.62
November 2003 5.75 3.53
December 2003 5.48 3.45
January 2004 5.29 3.38
February 2004 5.25 3.29
March 2004 5.39 3.11
April 2004 5.40 3.49
May 2004 5.63 3.69
June 2004 5.47 3.65
July 2004 5.68 3.47
August 2004 5.78 3.33
September 2004 5.67 3.16
October 2004 5.83 3.09
November 2004 5.49 3.08
December 2004 5.46 3.03
January 2005 5.65 2.85
February 2005 5.58 2.58
March 2005 5.69 2.79
April 2005 5.89 2.62
May 2005 5.80 2.42
June 2005 5.77 2.16
July 2005 5.72 2.22
August 2005 5.86 2.25
September 2005 5.89 2.28
October 2005 6.21 2.45
November 2005 5.96 2.51
December 2005 5.91 2.41
January 2006 5.91 2.31
February 2006 5.96 2.31
March 2006 5.96 2.51
April 2006 6.00 2.89
May 2006 6.31 3.02
June 2006 6.41 2.91
July 2006 6.53 2.86
August 2006 6.36 2.72
September 2006 6.33 2.56
October 2006 6.18 2.57
November 2006 6.10 2.40
December 2006 6.05 2.42
January 2007 6.11 2.71
February 2007 6.05 2.71
March 2007 6.39 2.63
April 2007 6.10 2.72
May 2007 5.99 2.75
June 2007 6.01 3.01
July 2007 5.95 2.89
August 2007 6.62 2.82
September 2007 6.22 2.66
October 2007 6.19 2.64
November 2007 6.80 2.42
December 2007 6.66 2.48
January 2008 7.35 2.33
February 2008 7.32 2.62
March 2008 7.48 2.61
April 2008 7.32 2.60
May 2008 7.05 2.68
June 2008 7.50 2.72
July 2008 8.02 2.64
August 2008 7.85 2.59
September 2008 8.44 2.30
October 2008 10.78 2.13
November 2008 13.55 1.98
December 2008 11.45 0.87
26 January 2009+ 11.43 1.23

+ Approximate values. Denotes latest observation using daily interest rates and stock prices data from I/B/E/S.  Return to table

* Estimated using analyst year-ahead earnings from I/B/E/S.  Return to table

Middle-right panel
Estimated Equity Premium*

Monthly
Period Percentage points
January 2005 2.80
February 2005 3.01
March 2005 2.90
April 2005 3.27
May 2005 3.38
June 2005 3.61
July 2005 3.49
August 2005 3.61
September 2005 3.61
October 2005 3.76
November 2005 3.46
December 2005 3.49
January 2006 3.60
February 2006 3.65
March 2006 3.46
April 2006 3.11
May 2006 3.29
June 2006 3.50
July 2006 3.67
August 2006 3.63
September 2006 3.77
October 2006 3.60
November 2006 3.69
December 2006 3.63
January 2007 3.40
February 2007 3.34
March 2007 3.76
April 2007 3.38
May 2007 3.24
June 2007 3.00
July 2007 3.06
August 2007 3.80
September 2007 3.55
October 2007 3.55
November 2007 4.38
December 2007 4.18
January 2008 5.01
February 2008 4.70
March 2008 4.87
April 2008 4.72
May 2008 4.36
June 2008 4.78
July 2008 5.38
August 2008 5.26
September 2008 6.13
October 2008 8.65
November 2008 11.57
December 2008 10.58

* Trend E/P ratio less real Treasury perpetuity yield.  Return to text

Bottom-left panel
Investment-Grade Corporate Bond Yield

Daily
Date Percent
1 January 2002 ND
2 January 2002 7.61
3 January 2002 7.56
4 January 2002 7.56
7 January 2002 7.48
8 January 2002 7.49
9 January 2002 7.48
10 January 2002 7.38
11 January 2002 7.32
14 January 2002 7.32
15 January 2002 7.29
16 January 2002 7.31
17 January 2002 7.40
18 January 2002 7.36
21 January 2002 ND
22 January 2002 7.36
23 January 2002 7.45
24 January 2002 7.45
25 January 2002 7.47
28 January 2002 7.47
29 January 2002 7.38
30 January 2002 7.43
31 January 2002 7.49
1 February 2002 7.45
4 February 2002 7.45
5 February 2002 7.52
6 February 2002 7.58
7 February 2002 7.62
8 February 2002 7.53
11 February 2002 7.57
12 February 2002 7.62
13 February 2002 7.63
14 February 2002 7.57
15 February 2002 7.50
18 February 2002 ND
19 February 2002 7.56
20 February 2002 7.57
21 February 2002 7.56
22 February 2002 7.53
25 February 2002 7.52
26 February 2002 7.55
27 February 2002 7.46
28 February 2002 7.48
1 March 2002 7.58
4 March 2002 7.58
5 March 2002 7.58
6 March 2002 7.60
7 March 2002 7.72
8 March 2002 7.79
11 March 2002 7.80
12 March 2002 7.79
13 March 2002 7.78
14 March 2002 7.90
15 March 2002 7.85
18 March 2002 7.83
19 March 2002 7.84
20 March 2002 7.90
21 March 2002 7.88
22 March 2002 7.89
25 March 2002 7.89
26 March 2002 7.83
27 March 2002 7.83
28 March 2002 7.89
29 March 2002 ND
1 April 2002 7.88
2 April 2002 7.82
3 April 2002 7.76
4 April 2002 7.75
5 April 2002 7.69
8 April 2002 7.72
9 April 2002 7.69
10 April 2002 7.72
11 April 2002 7.71
12 April 2002 7.67
15 April 2002 7.65
16 April 2002 7.68
17 April 2002 7.71
18 April 2002 7.69
19 April 2002 7.67
22 April 2002 7.66
23 April 2002 7.66
24 April 2002 7.60
25 April 2002 7.61
26 April 2002 7.58
29 April 2002 7.63
30 April 2002 7.63
1 May 2002 7.66
2 May 2002 7.70
3 May 2002 7.67
6 May 2002 7.69
7 May 2002 7.71
8 May 2002 7.83
9 May 2002 7.77
10 May 2002 7.74
13 May 2002 7.82
14 May 2002 7.89
15 May 2002 7.84
16 May 2002 7.82
17 May 2002 7.83
20 May 2002 7.82
21 May 2002 7.77
22 May 2002 7.70
23 May 2002 7.74
24 May 2002 7.73
27 May 2002 ND
28 May 2002 7.68
29 May 2002 7.61
30 May 2002 7.55
31 May 2002 7.42
3 June 2002 7.41
4 June 2002 7.39
5 June 2002 7.42
6 June 2002 7.40
7 June 2002 7.45
10 June 2002 7.43
11 June 2002 7.40
12 June 2002 7.38
13 June 2002 7.35
14 June 2002 7.26
17 June 2002 7.33
18 June 2002 7.33
19 June 2002 7.25
20 June 2002 7.38
21 June 2002 7.34
24 June 2002 7.46
25 June 2002 7.44
26 June 2002 7.44
27 June 2002 7.54
28 June 2002 7.59
1 July 2002 7.54
2 July 2002 7.55
3 July 2002 7.54
4 July 2002 ND
5 July 2002 7.64
8 July 2002 7.56
9 July 2002 7.47
10 July 2002 7.38
11 July 2002 7.41
12 July 2002 7.37
15 July 2002 7.48
16 July 2002 7.56
17 July 2002 7.47
18 July 2002 7.45
19 July 2002 7.44
22 July 2002 7.38
23 July 2002 7.41
24 July 2002 7.51
25 July 2002 7.49
26 July 2002 7.48
29 July 2002 7.68
30 July 2002 7.73
31 July 2002 7.52
1 August 2002 7.45
2 August 2002 7.34
5 August 2002 7.40
6 August 2002 7.53
7 August 2002 7.42
8 August 2002 7.49
9 August 2002 7.42
12 August 2002 7.38
13 August 2002 7.31
14 August 2002 7.29
15 August 2002 7.39
16 August 2002 7.50
19 August 2002 7.47
20 August 2002 7.26
21 August 2002 7.26
22 August 2002 7.31
23 August 2002 7.22
26 August 2002 7.19
27 August 2002 7.26
28 August 2002 7.19
29 August 2002 7.16
30 August 2002 7.14
2 September 2002 ND
3 September 2002 7.05
4 September 2002 7.01
5 September 2002 6.99
6 September 2002 7.10
9 September 2002 7.11
10 September 2002 7.05
11 September 2002 7.16
12 September 2002 7.05
13 September 2002 6.98
16 September 2002 6.96
17 September 2002 6.96
18 September 2002 6.92
19 September 2002 6.87
20 September 2002 6.89
23 September 2002 6.83
24 September 2002 6.86
25 September 2002 6.95
26 September 2002 6.98
27 September 2002 6.91
30 September 2002 6.83
1 October 2002 6.94
2 October 2002 6.91
3 October 2002 6.93
4 October 2002 6.91
7 October 2002 6.93
8 October 2002 7.03
9 October 2002 7.06
10 October 2002 7.18
11 October 2002 7.29
14 October 2002 ND
15 October 2002 7.42
16 October 2002 7.47
17 October 2002 7.58
18 October 2002 7.59
21 October 2002 7.72
22 October 2002 7.72
23 October 2002 7.69
24 October 2002 7.59
25 October 2002 7.52
28 October 2002 7.46
29 October 2002 7.32
30 October 2002 7.30
31 October 2002 7.23
1 November 2002 7.27
4 November 2002 7.29
5 November 2002 7.26
6 November 2002 7.17
7 November 2002 6.98
8 November 2002 6.95
11 November 2002 6.95
12 November 2002 7.00
13 November 2002 6.99
14 November 2002 7.10
15 November 2002 7.08
18 November 2002 6.94
19 November 2002 6.91
20 November 2002 6.98
21 November 2002 7.00
22 November 2002 7.01
25 November 2002 7.03
26 November 2002 6.94
27 November 2002 7.10
28 November 2002 7.10
29 November 2002 7.06
2 December 2002 6.96
3 December 2002 7.01
4 December 2002 6.97
5 December 2002 6.91
6 December 2002 6.90
9 December 2002 6.88
10 December 2002 6.88
11 December 2002 6.81
12 December 2002 6.80
13 December 2002 6.86
16 December 2002 6.89
17 December 2002 6.82
18 December 2002 6.73
19 December 2002 6.63
20 December 2002 6.63
23 December 2002 6.64
24 December 2002 6.60
25 December 2002 ND
26 December 2002 6.59
27 December 2002 6.50
30 December 2002 6.47
31 December 2002 6.50
1 January 2003 ND
2 January 2003 6.70
3 January 2003 6.67
6 January 2003 6.68
7 January 2003 6.61
8 January 2003 6.57
9 January 2003 6.73
10 January 2003 6.69
13 January 2003 6.63
14 January 2003 6.60
15 January 2003 6.62
16 January 2003 6.65
17 January 2003 6.62
20 January 2003 6.65
21 January 2003 6.62
22 January 2003 6.58
23 January 2003 6.60
24 January 2003 6.56
27 January 2003 6.63
28 January 2003 6.63
29 January 2003 6.68
30 January 2003 6.62
31 January 2003 6.59
3 February 2003 6.58
4 February 2003 6.54
5 February 2003 6.60
6 February 2003 6.55
7 February 2003 6.51
10 February 2003 6.57
11 February 2003 6.55
12 February 2003 6.50
13 February 2003 6.47
14 February 2003 6.55
17 February 2003 ND
18 February 2003 6.55
19 February 2003 6.46
20 February 2003 6.42
21 February 2003 6.46
24 February 2003 6.40
25 February 2003 6.39
26 February 2003 6.34
27 February 2003 6.32
28 February 2003 6.23
3 March 2003 6.16
4 March 2003 6.14
5 March 2003 6.15
6 March 2003 6.17
7 March 2003 6.18
10 March 2003 6.14
11 March 2003 6.18
12 March 2003 6.20
13 March 2003 6.30
14 March 2003 6.26
17 March 2003 6.37
18 March 2003 6.42
19 March 2003 6.47
20 March 2003 6.50
21 March 2003 6.56
24 March 2003 6.44
25 March 2003 6.44
26 March 2003 6.37
27 March 2003 6.34
28 March 2003 6.28
31 March 2003 6.18
1 April 2003 6.16
2 April 2003 6.21
3 April 2003 6.19
4 April 2003 6.24
7 April 2003 6.27
8 April 2003 6.22
9 April 2003 6.20
10 April 2003 6.23
11 April 2003 6.25
14 April 2003 6.30
15 April 2003 6.22
16 April 2003 6.16
17 April 2003 6.17
18 April 2003 ND
21 April 2003 6.17
22 April 2003 6.14
23 April 2003 6.10
24 April 2003 5.99
25 April 2003 5.96
28 April 2003 5.97
29 April 2003 5.99
30 April 2003 5.92
1 May 2003 5.90
2 May 2003 5.93
5 May 2003 5.89
6 May 2003 5.65
7 May 2003 5.63
8 May 2003 5.61
9 May 2003 5.62
12 May 2003 5.58
13 May 2003 5.57
14 May 2003 5.52
15 May 2003 5.55
16 May 2003 5.46
19 May 2003 5.48
20 May 2003 5.42
21 May 2003 5.46
22 May 2003 5.38
23 May 2003 5.36
26 May 2003 ND
27 May 2003 5.43
28 May 2003 5.44
29 May 2003 5.36
30 May 2003 5.36
2 June 2003 5.44
3 June 2003 5.33
4 June 2003 5.30
5 June 2003 5.32
6 June 2003 5.33
9 June 2003 5.26
10 June 2003 5.16
11 June 2003 5.16
12 June 2003 5.13
13 June 2003 5.06
16 June 2003 5.09
17 June 2003 5.14
18 June 2003 5.24
19 June 2003 5.24
20 June 2003 5.29
23 June 2003 5.23
24 June 2003 5.18
25 June 2003 5.26
26 June 2003 5.43
27 June 2003 5.47
30 June 2003 5.41
1 July 2003 5.46
2 July 2003 5.44
3 July 2003 5.55
4 July 2003 ND
7 July 2003 5.59
8 July 2003 5.58
9 July 2003 5.56
10 July 2003 5.53
11 July 2003 5.50
14 July 2003 5.56
15 July 2003 5.74
16 July 2003 5.76
17 July 2003 5.75
18 July 2003 5.78
21 July 2003 5.97
22 July 2003 5.95
23 July 2003 5.90
24 July 2003 5.96
25 July 2003 5.98
28 July 2003 6.11
29 July 2003 6.22
30 July 2003 6.17
31 July 2003 6.34
1 August 2003 6.31
4 August 2003 6.23
5 August 2003 6.33
6 August 2003 6.20
7 August 2003 6.15
8 August 2003 6.12
11 August 2003 6.21
12 August 2003 6.21
13 August 2003 6.42
14 August 2003 6.45
15 August 2003 6.40
18 August 2003 6.37
19 August 2003 6.25
20 August 2003 6.29
21 August 2003 6.33
22 August 2003 6.28
25 August 2003 6.35
26 August 2003 6.31
27 August 2003 6.35
28 August 2003 6.23
29 August 2003 6.25
1 September 2003 ND
2 September 2003 6.35
3 September 2003 6.34
4 September 2003 6.27
5 September 2003 6.14
8 September 2003 6.17
9 September 2003 6.14
10 September 2003 6.04
11 September 2003 6.09
12 September 2003 6.02
15 September 2003 5.99
16 September 2003 6.03
17 September 2003 5.90
18 September 2003 5.88
19 September 2003 5.85
22 September 2003 5.94
23 September 2003 5.93
24 September 2003 5.85
25 September 2003 5.80
26 September 2003 5.73
29 September 2003 5.78
30 September 2003 5.66
1 October 2003 5.66
2 October 2003 5.74
3 October 2003 5.90
6 October 2003 5.86
7 October 2003 5.95
8 October 2003 5.94
9 October 2003 5.98
10 October 2003 5.92
13 October 2003 ND
14 October 2003 6.02
15 October 2003 6.03
16 October 2003 6.05
17 October 2003 5.98
20 October 2003 5.97
21 October 2003 5.97
22 October 2003 5.91
23 October 2003 5.96
24 October 2003 5.84
27 October 2003 5.87
28 October 2003 5.82
29 October 2003 5.91
30 October 2003 5.94
31 October 2003 5.91
3 November 2003 5.96
4 November 2003 5.90
5 November 2003 5.95
6 November 2003 6.02
7 November 2003 6.04
10 November 2003 6.05
11 November 2003 ND
12 November 2003 5.98
13 November 2003 5.83
14 November 2003 5.76
17 November 2003 5.73
18 November 2003 5.71
19 November 2003 5.78
20 November 2003 5.71
21 November 2003 5.70
24 November 2003 5.78
25 November 2003 5.73
26 November 2003 5.79
27 November 2003 ND
28 November 2003 5.86
1 December 2003 5.92
2 December 2003 5.90
3 December 2003 5.91
4 December 2003 5.85
5 December 2003 5.71
8 December 2003 5.78
9 December 2003 5.84
10 December 2003 5.81
11 December 2003 5.75
12 December 2003 5.75
15 December 2003 5.77
16 December 2003 5.75
17 December 2003 5.69
18 December 2003 5.63
19 December 2003 5.61
22 December 2003 5.65
23 December 2003 5.74
24 December 2003 5.67
25 December 2003 ND
26 December 2003 5.62
29 December 2003 5.69
30 December 2003 5.74
31 December 2003 5.71
1 January 2004 ND
2 January 2004 5.81
5 January 2004 5.79
6 January 2004 5.68
7 January 2004 5.65
8 January 2004 5.64
9 January 2004 5.51
12 January 2004 5.50
13 January 2004 5.45
14 January 2004 5.40
15 January 2004 5.39
16 January 2004 5.43
19 January 2004 ND
20 January 2004 5.47
21 January 2004 5.45
22 January 2004 5.38
23 January 2004 5.48
26 January 2004 5.56
27 January 2004 5.50
28 January 2004 5.61
29 January 2004 5.63
30 January 2004 5.58
2 February 2004 5.61
3 February 2004 5.55
4 February 2004 5.59
5 February 2004 5.64
6 February 2004 5.55
9 February 2004 5.52
10 February 2004 5.56
11 February 2004 5.47
12 February 2004 5.50
13 February 2004 5.47
16 February 2004 ND
17 February 2004 5.48
18 February 2004 5.49
19 February 2004 5.50
20 February 2004 5.55
23 February 2004 5.51
24 February 2004 5.50
25 February 2004 5.50
26 February 2004 5.52
27 February 2004 5.46
1 March 2004 5.45
2 March 2004 5.52
3 March 2004 5.52
4 March 2004 5.49
5 March 2004 5.31
8 March 2004 5.25
9 March 2004 5.20
10 March 2004 5.22
11 March 2004 5.25
12 March 2004 5.26
15 March 2004 5.27
16 March 2004 5.21
17 March 2004 5.20
18 March 2004 5.26
19 March 2004 5.29
22 March 2004 5.24
23 March 2004 5.23
24 March 2004 5.25
25 March 2004 5.27
26 March 2004 5.36
29 March 2004 5.40
30 March 2004 5.40
31 March 2004 5.34
1 April 2004 5.40
2 April 2004 5.62
5 April 2004 5.69
6 April 2004 5.64
7 April 2004 5.63
8 April 2004 5.66
9 April 2004 ND
12 April 2004 5.68
13 April 2004 5.78
14 April 2004 5.81
15 April 2004 5.85
16 April 2004 5.81
19 April 2004 5.82
20 April 2004 5.87
21 April 2004 5.88
22 April 2004 5.83
23 April 2004 5.91
26 April 2004 5.88
27 April 2004 5.86
28 April 2004 5.94
29 April 2004 6.01
30 April 2004 5.96
3 May 2004 5.97
4 May 2004 6.02
5 May 2004 6.06
6 May 2004 6.12
7 May 2004 6.29
10 May 2004 6.32
11 May 2004 6.31
12 May 2004 6.34
13 May 2004 6.40
14 May 2004 6.33
17 May 2004 6.26
18 May 2004 6.28
19 May 2004 6.33
20 May 2004 6.26
21 May 2004 6.30
24 May 2004 6.28
25 May 2004 6.27
26 May 2004 6.21
27 May 2004 6.12
28 May 2004 6.19
31 May 2004 ND
1 June 2004 6.23
2 June 2004 6.25
3 June 2004 6.25
4 June 2004 6.31
7 June 2004 6.29
8 June 2004 6.28
9 June 2004 6.32
10 June 2004 6.30
11 June 2004 ND
14 June 2004 6.38
15 June 2004 6.19
16 June 2004 6.25
17 June 2004 6.21
18 June 2004 6.22
21 June 2004 6.21
22 June 2004 6.22
23 June 2004 6.21
24 June 2004 6.15
25 June 2004 6.16
28 June 2004 6.25
29 June 2004 6.21
30 June 2004 6.13
1 July 2004 6.09
2 July 2004 5.98
5 July 2004 ND
6 July 2004 6.01
7 July 2004 6.00
8 July 2004 6.00
9 July 2004 6.00
12 July 2004 5.97
13 July 2004 6.01
14 July 2004 6.01
15 July 2004 6.00
16 July 2004 5.87
19 July 2004 5.86
20 July 2004 5.95
21 July 2004 5.99
22 July 2004 5.95
23 July 2004 5.93
26 July 2004 5.97
27 July 2004 6.10
28 July 2004 6.08
29 July 2004 6.07
30 July 2004 5.96
2 August 2004 5.99
3 August 2004 5.95
4 August 2004 5.96
5 August 2004 5.94
6 August 2004 5.76
9 August 2004 5.77
10 August 2004 5.82
11 August 2004 5.81
12 August 2004 5.78
13 August 2004 5.73
16 August 2004 5.78
17 August 2004 5.72
18 August 2004 5.74
19 August 2004 5.72
20 August 2004 5.74
23 August 2004 5.78
24 August 2004 5.78
25 August 2004 5.75
26 August 2004 5.71
27 August 2004 5.71
30 August 2004 5.66
31 August 2004 5.60
1 September 2004 5.59
2 September 2004 5.66
3 September 2004 5.75
6 September 2004 ND
7 September 2004 5.70
8 September 2004 5.61
9 September 2004 5.64
10 September 2004 5.61
13 September 2004 5.58
14 September 2004 5.56
15 September 2004 5.59
16 September 2004 5.48
17 September 2004 5.55
20 September 2004 5.46
21 September 2004 5.45
22 September 2004 5.40
23 September 2004 5.44
24 September 2004 5.44
27 September 2004 5.40
28 September 2004 5.42
29 September 2004 5.49
30 September 2004 5.51
1 October 2004 5.58
4 October 2004 5.56
5 October 2004 5.55
6 October 2004 5.61
7 October 2004 5.62
8 October 2004 5.50
11 October 2004 5.51
12 October 2004 5.48
13 October 2004 5.44
14 October 2004 5.38
15 October 2004 5.42
18 October 2004 5.42
19 October 2004 5.42
20 October 2004 5.37
21 October 2004 5.38
22 October 2004 5.37
25 October 2004 5.36
26 October 2004 5.35
27 October 2004 5.45
28 October 2004 5.43
29 October 2004 5.36
1 November 2004 5.43
2 November 2004 5.41
3 November 2004 5.39
4 November 2004 5.38
5 November 2004 5.48
8 November 2004 5.51
9 November 2004 5.51
10 November 2004 5.53
11 November 2004 5.53
12 November 2004 5.47
15 November 2004 5.46
16 November 2004 5.47
17 November 2004 5.40
18 November 2004 5.36
19 November 2004 5.44
22 November 2004 5.41
23 November 2004 5.42
24 November 2004 5.42
25 November 2004 5.42
26 November 2004 5.47
29 November 2004 5.56
30 November 2004 5.58
1 December 2004 5.60
2 December 2004 5.61
3 December 2004 5.48
6 December 2004 5.45
7 December 2004 5.43
8 December 2004 5.32
9 December 2004 5.35
10 December 2004 5.35
13 December 2004 5.34
14 December 2004 5.31
15 December 2004 5.26
16 December 2004 5.37
17 December 2004 5.38
20 December 2004 5.37
21 December 2004 5.34
22 December 2004 5.37
23 December 2004 5.39
24 December 2004 ND
27 December 2004 5.46
28 December 2004 5.46
29 December 2004 5.49
30 December 2004 5.43
31 December 2004 5.39
3 January 2005 5.39
4 January 2005 5.44
5 January 2005 5.44
6 January 2005 5.45
7 January 2005 5.46
10 January 2005 5.45
11 January 2005 5.42
12 January 2005 5.41
13 January 2005 5.36
14 January 2005 5.39
17 January 2005 ND
18 January 2005 5.37
19 January 2005 5.36
20 January 2005 5.35
21 January 2005 5.33
24 January 2005 5.31
25 January 2005 5.37
26 January 2005 5.36
27 January 2005 5.38
28 January 2005 5.31
31 January 2005 5.29
1 February 2005 5.29
2 February 2005 5.28
3 February 2005 5.30
4 February 2005 5.19
7 February 2005 5.17
8 February 2005 5.15
9 February 2005 5.10
10 February 2005 5.19
11 February 2005 5.21
14 February 2005 5.18
15 February 2005 5.21
16 February 2005 5.27
17 February 2005 5.28
18 February 2005 5.35
21 February 2005 ND
22 February 2005 5.39
23 February 2005 5.37
24 February 2005 5.37
25 February 2005 5.36
28 February 2005 5.45
1 March 2005 5.45
2 March 2005 5.47
3 March 2005 5.47
4 March 2005 5.38
7 March 2005 5.37
8 March 2005 5.45
9 March 2005 5.58
10 March 2005 5.53
11 March 2005 5.61
14 March 2005 5.60
15 March 2005 5.63
16 March 2005 5.63
17 March 2005 5.61
18 March 2005 5.64
21 March 2005 5.67
22 March 2005 5.76
23 March 2005 5.79
24 March 2005 5.77
25 March 2005 ND
28 March 2005 5.82
29 March 2005 5.80
30 March 2005 5.78
31 March 2005 5.73
1 April 2005 5.69
4 April 2005 5.72
5 April 2005 5.73
6 April 2005 5.68
7 April 2005 5.71
8 April 2005 5.72
11 April 2005 5.70
12 April 2005 5.61
13 April 2005 5.63
14 April 2005 5.64
15 April 2005 5.58
18 April 2005 5.57
19 April 2005 5.52
20 April 2005 5.52
21 April 2005 5.60
22 April 2005 5.54
25 April 2005 5.53
26 April 2005 5.55
27 April 2005 5.52
28 April 2005 5.47
29 April 2005 5.52
2 May 2005 5.52
3 May 2005 5.54
4 May 2005 5.52
5 May 2005 5.45
6 May 2005 5.56
9 May 2005 5.57
10 May 2005 5.52
11 May 2005 5.51
12 May 2005 5.50
13 May 2005 5.49
16 May 2005 5.49
17 May 2005 5.50
18 May 2005 5.46
19 May 2005 5.49
20 May 2005 5.49
23 May 2005 5.42
24 May 2005 5.39
25 May 2005 5.42
26 May 2005 5.41
27 May 2005 5.39
30 May 2005 ND
31 May 2005 5.32
1 June 2005 5.22
2 June 2005 5.18
3 June 2005 5.26
6 June 2005 5.24
7 June 2005 5.19
8 June 2005 5.22
9 June 2005 5.27
10 June 2005 5.35
13 June 2005 5.39
14 June 2005 5.43
15 June 2005 5.43
16 June 2005 5.39
17 June 2005 5.39
20 June 2005 5.41
21 June 2005 5.36
22 June 2005 5.27
23 June 2005 5.28
24 June 2005 5.24
27 June 2005 5.23
28 June 2005 5.29
29 June 2005 5.31
30 June 2005 5.26
1 July 2005 5.35
4 July 2005 ND
5 July 2005 5.42
6 July 2005 5.40
7 July 2005 5.35
8 July 2005 5.42
11 July 2005 5.40
12 July 2005 5.43
13 July 2005 5.46
14 July 2005 5.46
15 July 2005 5.45
18 July 2005 5.49
19 July 2005 5.46
20 July 2005 5.43
21 July 2005 5.54
22 July 2005 5.48
25 July 2005 5.50
26 July 2005 5.49
27 July 2005 5.50
28 July 2005 5.43
29 July 2005 5.51
1 August 2005 5.53
2 August 2005 5.56
3 August 2005 5.52
4 August 2005 5.55
5 August 2005 5.62
8 August 2005 5.65
9 August 2005 5.63
10 August 2005 5.63
11 August 2005 5.58
12 August 2005 5.51
15 August 2005 5.52
16 August 2005 5.49
17 August 2005 5.55
18 August 2005 5.48
19 August 2005 5.47
22 August 2005 5.47
23 August 2005 5.45
24 August 2005 5.42
25 August 2005 5.40
26 August 2005 5.43
29 August 2005 5.41
30 August 2005 5.34
31 August 2005 5.28
1 September 2005 5.30
2 September 2005 5.31
5 September 2005 ND
6 September 2005 5.37
7 September 2005 5.42
8 September 2005 5.43
9 September 2005 5.42
12 September 2005 5.46
13 September 2005 5.43
14 September 2005 5.46
15 September 2005 5.52
16 September 2005 5.56
19 September 2005 5.56
20 September 2005 5.55
21 September 2005 5.50
22 September 2005 5.50
23 September 2005 5.57
26 September 2005 5.61
27 September 2005 5.62
28 September 2005 5.58
29 September 2005 5.61
30 September 2005 5.64
3 October 2005 5.71
4 October 2005 5.69
5 October 2005 5.67
6 October 2005 5.69
7 October 2005 5.68
10 October 2005 ND
11 October 2005 5.71
12 October 2005 5.79
13 October 2005 5.84
14 October 2005 5.86
17 October 2005 5.86
18 October 2005 5.84
19 October 2005 5.83
20 October 2005 5.83
21 October 2005 5.76
24 October 2005 5.82
25 October 2005 5.88
26 October 2005 5.97
27 October 2005 5.95
28 October 2005 5.96
31 October 2005 5.95
1 November 2005 5.97
2 November 2005 6.00
3 November 2005 6.03
4 November 2005 6.05
7 November 2005 6.03
8 November 2005 5.95
9 November 2005 6.03
10 November 2005 5.96
11 November 2005 ND
14 November 2005 6.00
15 November 2005 5.96
16 November 2005 5.90
17 November 2005 5.88
18 November 2005 5.92
21 November 2005 5.88
22 November 2005 5.86
23 November 2005 5.90
24 November 2005 ND
25 November 2005 5.86
28 November 2005 5.83
29 November 2005 5.90
30 November 2005 5.91
1 December 2005 5.94
2 December 2005 5.94
5 December 2005 5.99
6 December 2005 5.93
7 December 2005 5.95
8 December 2005 5.90
9 December 2005 5.97
12 December 2005 5.98
13 December 2005 5.97
14 December 2005 5.88
15 December 2005 5.90
16 December 2005 5.87
19 December 2005 5.87
20 December 2005 5.89
21 December 2005 5.91
22 December 2005 5.86
23 December 2005 5.80
26 December 2005 ND
27 December 2005 5.76
28 December 2005 5.80
29 December 2005 5.80
30 December 2005 5.82
2 January 2006 ND
3 January 2006 5.79
4 January 2006 5.78
5 January 2006 5.78
6 January 2006 5.80
9 January 2006 5.80
10 January 2006 5.85
11 January 2006 5.88
12 January 2006 5.84
13 January 2006 5.78
16 January 2006 ND
17 January 2006 5.76
18 January 2006 5.77
19 January 2006 5.81
20 January 2006 5.78
23 January 2006 5.78
24 January 2006 5.81
25 January 2006 5.89
26 January 2006 5.93
27 January 2006 5.90
30 January 2006 5.93
31 January 2006 5.92
1 February 2006 5.95
2 February 2006 5.94
3 February 2006 5.91
6 February 2006 5.92
7 February 2006 5.95
8 February 2006 5.97
9 February 2006 5.95
10 February 2006 5.99
13 February 2006 5.98
14 February 2006 6.01
15 February 2006 5.99
16 February 2006 5.98
17 February 2006 5.92
20 February 2006 ND
21 February 2006 5.94
22 February 2006 5.90
23 February 2006 5.93
24 February 2006 5.94
27 February 2006 5.96
28 February 2006 5.91
1 March 2006 5.96
2 March 2006 6.01
3 March 2006 6.06
6 March 2006 6.11
7 March 2006 6.12
8 March 2006 6.12
9 March 2006 6.11
10 March 2006 6.14
13 March 2006 6.16
14 March 2006 6.08
15 March 2006 6.12
16 March 2006 6.03
17 March 2006 6.05
20 March 2006 6.04
21 March 2006 6.09
22 March 2006 6.08
23 March 2006 6.12
24 March 2006 6.06
27 March 2006 6.09
28 March 2006 6.17
29 March 2006 6.20
30 March 2006 6.25
31 March 2006 6.25
3 April 2006 6.27
4 April 2006 6.26
5 April 2006 6.23
6 April 2006 6.29
7 April 2006 6.36
10 April 2006 6.36
11 April 2006 6.33
12 April 2006 6.37
13 April 2006 6.43
14 April 2006 ND
17 April 2006 6.40
18 April 2006 6.37
19 April 2006 6.42
20 April 2006 6.42
21 April 2006 6.39
24 April 2006 6.36
25 April 2006 6.44
26 April 2006 6.47
27 April 2006 6.44
28 April 2006 6.42
1 May 2006 6.47
2 May 2006 6.45
3 May 2006 6.48
4 May 2006 6.49
5 May 2006 6.44
8 May 2006 6.45
9 May 2006 6.45
10 May 2006 6.45
11 May 2006 6.49
12 May 2006 6.54
15 May 2006 6.50
16 May 2006 6.47
17 May 2006 6.53
18 May 2006 6.46
19 May 2006 6.43
22 May 2006 6.43
23 May 2006 6.46
24 May 2006 6.44
25 May 2006 6.48
26 May 2006 6.45
29 May 2006 ND
30 May 2006 6.50
31 May 2006 6.55
1 June 2006 6.54
2 June 2006 6.43
5 June 2006 6.46
6 June 2006 6.45
7 June 2006 6.48
8 June 2006 6.45
9 June 2006 6.44
12 June 2006 6.45
13 June 2006 6.44
14 June 2006 6.54
15 June 2006 6.59
16 June 2006 6.62
19 June 2006 6.64
20 June 2006 6.66
21 June 2006 6.67
22 June 2006 6.72
23 June 2006 6.75
26 June 2006 6.77
27 June 2006 6.74
28 June 2006 6.78
29 June 2006 6.74
30 June 2006 6.65
3 July 2006 6.69
4 July 2006 ND
5 July 2006 6.76
6 July 2006 6.72
7 July 2006 6.66
10 July 2006 6.66
11 July 2006 6.63
12 July 2006 6.63
13 July 2006 6.61
14 July 2006 6.61
17 July 2006 6.62
18 July 2006 6.67
19 July 2006 6.60
20 July 2006 6.57
21 July 2006 6.58
24 July 2006 6.58
25 July 2006 6.61
26 July 2006 6.57
27 July 2006 6.57
28 July 2006 6.52
31 July 2006 6.52
1 August 2006 6.51
2 August 2006 6.49
3 August 2006 6.47
4 August 2006 6.43
7 August 2006 6.45
8 August 2006 6.46
9 August 2006 6.47
10 August 2006 6.48
11 August 2006 6.51
14 August 2006 6.53
15 August 2006 6.46
16 August 2006 6.41
17 August 2006 6.40
18 August 2006 6.37
21 August 2006 6.36
22 August 2006 6.35
23 August 2006 6.36
24 August 2006 6.35
25 August 2006 6.34
28 August 2006 6.35
29 August 2006 6.34
30 August 2006 6.32
31 August 2006 6.29
1 September 2006 6.28
4 September 2006 ND
5 September 2006 6.33
6 September 2006 6.35
7 September 2006 6.34
8 September 2006 6.32
11 September 2006 6.35
12 September 2006 6.32
13 September 2006 6.31
14 September 2006 6.33
15 September 2006 6.34
18 September 2006 6.35
19 September 2006 6.28
20 September 2006 6.27
21 September 2006 6.21
22 September 2006 6.16
25 September 2006 6.12
26 September 2006 6.14
27 September 2006 6.15
28 September 2006 6.19
29 September 2006 6.20
2 October 2006 6.18
3 October 2006 6.17
4 October 2006 6.13
5 October 2006 6.17
6 October 2006 6.25
9 October 2006 ND
10 October 2006 6.30
11 October 2006 6.34
12 October 2006 6.33
13 October 2006 6.35
16 October 2006 6.33
17 October 2006 6.32
18 October 2006 6.29
19 October 2006 6.31
20 October 2006 6.30
23 October 2006 6.34
24 October 2006 6.34
25 October 2006 6.29
26 October 2006 6.23
27 October 2006 6.19
30 October 2006 6.18
31 October 2006 6.11
1 November 2006 6.06
2 November 2006 6.09
3 November 2006 6.19
6 November 2006 6.18
7 November 2006 6.13
8 November 2006 6.10
9 November 2006 6.09
10 November 2006 6.05
13 November 2006 6.06
14 November 2006 6.03
15 November 2006 6.08
16 November 2006 6.12
17 November 2006 6.07
20 November 2006 6.06
21 November 2006 6.04
22 November 2006 6.04
23 November 2006 ND
24 November 2006 6.02
27 November 2006 6.01
28 November 2006 5.99
29 November 2006 5.99
30 November 2006 5.95
1 December 2006 5.92
4 December 2006 5.92
5 December 2006 5.93
6 December 2006 5.96
7 December 2006 5.95
8 December 2006 6.02
11 December 2006 5.99
12 December 2006 5.97
13 December 2006 6.05
14 December 2006 6.07
15 December 2006 6.07
18 December 2006 6.06
19 December 2006 6.07
20 December 2006 6.07
21 December 2006 6.03
22 December 2006 6.09
25 December 2006 ND
26 December 2006 6.07
27 December 2006 6.12
28 December 2006 6.16
29 December 2006 6.17
1 January 2007 ND
2 January 2007 6.16
3 January 2007 6.13
4 January 2007 6.08
5 January 2007 6.11
8 January 2007 6.11
9 January 2007 6.11
10 January 2007 6.14
11 January 2007 6.19
12 January 2007 6.22
15 January 2007 ND
16 January 2007 6.20
17 January 2007 6.23
18 January 2007 6.19
19 January 2007 6.20
22 January 2007 6.19
23 January 2007 6.23
24 January 2007 6.23
25 January 2007 6.28
26 January 2007 6.29
29 January 2007 6.30
30 January 2007 6.29
31 January 2007 6.24
1 February 2007 6.25
2 February 2007 6.24
5 February 2007 6.21
6 February 2007 6.17
7 February 2007 6.14
8 February 2007 6.13
9 February 2007 6.18
12 February 2007 6.19
13 February 2007 6.20
14 February 2007 6.12
15 February 2007 6.09
16 February 2007 6.07
19 February 2007 ND
20 February 2007 6.06
21 February 2007 6.07
22 February 2007 6.10
23 February 2007 6.04
26 February 2007 6.00
27 February 2007 5.91
28 February 2007 5.95
1 March 2007 5.96
2 March 2007 5.93
5 March 2007 5.96
6 March 2007 5.97
7 March 2007 5.94
8 March 2007 5.94
9 March 2007 6.02
12 March 2007 5.98
13 March 2007 5.95
14 March 2007 5.98
15 March 2007 5.99
16 March 2007 6.00
19 March 2007 6.02
20 March 2007 6.01
21 March 2007 5.99
22 March 2007 6.06
23 March 2007 6.08
26 March 2007 6.06
27 March 2007 6.09
28 March 2007 6.10
29 March 2007 6.11
30 March 2007 6.13
2 April 2007 6.13
3 April 2007 6.15
4 April 2007 6.15
5 April 2007 6.17
6 April 2007 ND
9 April 2007 6.23
10 April 2007 6.20
11 April 2007 6.21
12 April 2007 6.21
13 April 2007 6.23
16 April 2007 6.20
17 April 2007 6.15
18 April 2007 6.11
19 April 2007 6.13
20 April 2007 6.13
23 April 2007 6.11
24 April 2007 6.08
25 April 2007 6.11
26 April 2007 6.14
27 April 2007 6.16
30 April 2007 6.08
1 May 2007 6.09
2 May 2007 6.09
3 May 2007 6.12
4 May 2007 6.09
7 May 2007 6.08
8 May 2007 6.07
9 May 2007 6.11
10 May 2007 6.09
11 May 2007 6.11
14 May 2007 6.12
15 May 2007 6.14
16 May 2007 6.14
17 May 2007 6.18
18 May 2007 6.23
21 May 2007 6.21
22 May 2007 6.25
23 May 2007 6.28
24 May 2007 6.28
25 May 2007 6.28
28 May 2007 ND
29 May 2007 6.30
30 May 2007 6.31
31 May 2007 6.33
1 June 2007 6.39
4 June 2007 6.36
5 June 2007 6.41
6 June 2007 6.41
7 June 2007 6.55
8 June 2007 6.58
11 June 2007 6.60
12 June 2007 6.71
13 June 2007 6.66
14 June 2007 6.67
15 June 2007 6.62
18 June 2007 6.60
19 June 2007 6.54
20 June 2007 6.58
21 June 2007 6.63
22 June 2007 6.61
25 June 2007 6.56
26 June 2007 6.59
27 June 2007 6.56
28 June 2007 6.60
29 June 2007 6.52
2 July 2007 6.49
3 July 2007 6.54
4 July 2007 ND
5 July 2007 6.64
6 July 2007 6.69
9 July 2007 6.65
10 July 2007 6.54
11 July 2007 6.60
12 July 2007 6.63
13 July 2007 6.62
16 July 2007 6.57
17 July 2007 6.60
18 July 2007 6.55
19 July 2007 6.58
20 July 2007 6.53
23 July 2007 6.55
24 July 2007 6.55
25 July 2007 6.53
26 July 2007 6.55
27 July 2007 6.60
30 July 2007 6.64
31 July 2007 6.60
1 August 2007 6.59
2 August 2007 6.58
3 August 2007 6.52
6 August 2007 6.57
7 August 2007 6.58
8 August 2007 6.67
9 August 2007 6.62
10 August 2007 6.62
13 August 2007 6.61
14 August 2007 6.58
15 August 2007 6.59
16 August 2007 6.52
17 August 2007 6.60
20 August 2007 6.57
21 August 2007 6.54
22 August 2007 6.56
23 August 2007 6.54
24 August 2007 6.55
27 August 2007 6.51
28 August 2007 6.47
29 August 2007 6.49
30 August 2007 6.46
31 August 2007 6.46
3 September 2007 ND
4 September 2007 6.48
5 September 2007 6.40
6 September 2007 6.44
7 September 2007 6.34
10 September 2007 6.31
11 September 2007 6.35
12 September 2007 6.40
13 September 2007 6.47
14 September 2007 6.45
17 September 2007 6.46
18 September 2007 6.47
19 September 2007 6.49
20 September 2007 6.60
21 September 2007 6.55
24 September 2007 6.53
25 September 2007 6.53
26 September 2007 6.53
27 September 2007 6.48
28 September 2007 6.48
1 October 2007 6.45
2 October 2007 6.43
3 October 2007 6.43
4 October 2007 6.40
5 October 2007 6.50
8 October 2007 ND
9 October 2007 6.49
10 October 2007 6.47
11 October 2007 6.46
12 October 2007 6.48
15 October 2007 6.46
16 October 2007 6.46
17 October 2007 6.36
18 October 2007 6.32
19 October 2007 6.24
22 October 2007 6.25
23 October 2007 6.26
24 October 2007 6.20
25 October 2007 6.23
26 October 2007 6.26
29 October 2007 6.25
30 October 2007 6.26
31 October 2007 6.37
1 November 2007 6.28
2 November 2007 6.24
5 November 2007 6.28
6 November 2007 6.32
7 November 2007 6.33
8 November 2007 6.31
9 November 2007 6.28
12 November 2007 ND
13 November 2007 6.33
14 November 2007 6.35
15 November 2007 6.28
16 November 2007 6.29
19 November 2007 6.25
20 November 2007 6.27
21 November 2007 6.24
22 November 2007 ND
23 November 2007 6.25
26 November 2007 6.10
27 November 2007 6.21
28 November 2007 6.30
29 November 2007 6.25
30 November 2007 6.28
3 December 2007 6.22
4 December 2007 6.23
5 December 2007 6.30
6 December 2007 6.41
7 December 2007 6.53
10 December 2007 6.55
11 December 2007 6.41
12 December 2007 6.48
13 December 2007 6.57
14 December 2007 6.62
17 December 2007 6.58
18 December 2007 6.50
19 December 2007 6.45
20 December 2007 6.41
21 December 2007 6.55
24 December 2007 6.58
25 December 2007 ND
26 December 2007 6.65
27 December 2007 6.57
28 December 2007 6.47
31 December 2007 6.42
1 January 2008 ND
2 January 2008 6.30
3 January 2008 6.32
4 January 2008 6.32
7 January 2008 6.31
8 January 2008 6.33
9 January 2008 6.33
10 January 2008 6.43
11 January 2008 6.37
14 January 2008 6.37
15 January 2008 6.30
16 January 2008 6.31
17 January 2008 6.29
18 January 2008 6.31
21 January 2008 ND
22 January 2008 6.23
23 January 2008 6.20
24 January 2008 6.31
25 January 2008 6.33
28 January 2008 6.33
29 January 2008 6.39
30 January 2008 6.47
31 January 2008 6.39
1 February 2008 6.36
4 February 2008 6.41
5 February 2008 6.36
6 February 2008 6.39
7 February 2008 6.52
8 February 2008 6.46
11 February 2008 6.45
12 February 2008 6.52
13 February 2008 6.55
14 February 2008 6.68
15 February 2008 6.65
18 February 2008 ND
19 February 2008 6.75
20 February 2008 6.78
21 February 2008 6.68
22 February 2008 6.71
25 February 2008 6.81
26 February 2008 6.79
27 February 2008 6.77
28 February 2008 6.66
29 February 2008 6.50
3 March 2008 6.53
4 March 2008 6.58
5 March 2008 6.72
6 March 2008 6.71
7 March 2008 6.67
10 March 2008 6.60
11 March 2008 6.77
12 March 2008 6.67
13 March 2008 6.75
14 March 2008 6.65
17 March 2008 6.61
18 March 2008 6.72
19 March 2008 6.65
20 March 2008 6.62
21 March 2008 ND
24 March 2008 6.80
25 March 2008 6.78
26 March 2008 6.78
27 March 2008 6.82
28 March 2008 6.77
31 March 2008 6.73
1 April 2008 6.84
2 April 2008 6.85
3 April 2008 6.85
4 April 2008 6.74
7 April 2008 6.77
8 April 2008 6.76
9 April 2008 6.67
10 April 2008 6.74
11 April 2008 6.68
14 April 2008 6.72
15 April 2008 6.78
16 April 2008 6.90
17 April 2008 6.90
18 April 2008 6.88
21 April 2008 6.84
22 April 2008 6.82
23 April 2008 6.81
24 April 2008 6.89
25 April 2008 6.92
28 April 2008 6.85
29 April 2008 6.82
30 April 2008 6.72
1 May 2008 6.69
2 May 2008 6.73
5 May 2008 6.87
6 May 2008 6.77
7 May 2008 6.74
8 May 2008 6.69
9 May 2008 6.65
12 May 2008 6.66
13 May 2008 6.78
14 May 2008 6.81
15 May 2008 6.73
16 May 2008 6.71
19 May 2008 6.70
20 May 2008 6.66
21 May 2008 6.70
22 May 2008 6.82
23 May 2008 6.74
26 May 2008 ND
27 May 2008 6.84
28 May 2008 6.91
29 May 2008 6.98
30 May 2008 6.94
2 June 2008 6.82
3 June 2008 6.74
4 June 2008 6.80
5 June 2008 6.87
6 June 2008 6.78
9 June 2008 6.82
10 June 2008 6.94
11 June 2008 6.92
12 June 2008 7.04
13 June 2008 7.08
16 June 2008 7.08
17 June 2008 7.07
18 June 2008 7.00
19 June 2008 7.06
20 June 2008 7.01
23 June 2008 7.04
24 June 2008 7.00
25 June 2008 7.02
26 June 2008 6.98
27 June 2008 6.96
30 June 2008 6.99
1 July 2008 7.02
2 July 2008 6.98
3 July 2008 7.01
4 July 2008 ND
7 July 2008 6.97
8 July 2008 6.95
9 July 2008 6.92
10 July 2008 6.92
11 July 2008 7.06
14 July 2008 7.00
15 July 2008 7.00
16 July 2008 7.11
17 July 2008 7.20
18 July 2008 7.24
21 July 2008 7.22
22 July 2008 7.25
23 July 2008 7.30
24 July 2008 7.18
25 July 2008 7.27
28 July 2008 7.18
29 July 2008 7.21
30 July 2008 7.22
31 July 2008 7.17
1 August 2008 7.15
4 August 2008 7.17
5 August 2008 7.21
6 August 2008 7.26
7 August 2008 7.14
8 August 2008 7.16
11 August 2008 7.22
12 August 2008 7.15
13 August 2008 7.18
14 August 2008 7.14
15 August 2008 7.10
18 August 2008 7.08
19 August 2008 7.11
20 August 2008 7.10
21 August 2008 7.15
22 August 2008 7.18
25 August 2008 7.11
26 August 2008 7.12
27 August 2008 7.11
28 August 2008 7.13
29 August 2008 7.16
1 September 2008 ND
2 September 2008 7.08
3 September 2008 7.05
4 September 2008 7.01
5 September 2008 7.04
8 September 2008 7.05
9 September 2008 7.01
10 September 2008 7.09
11 September 2008 7.10
12 September 2008 7.22
15 September 2008 7.11
16 September 2008 7.19
17 September 2008 7.20
18 September 2008 7.27
19 September 2008 7.57
22 September 2008 7.61
23 September 2008 7.63
24 September 2008 7.58
25 September 2008 7.76
26 September 2008 7.78
29 September 2008 7.66
30 September 2008 7.96
1 October 2008 7.96
2 October 2008 7.95
3 October 2008 8.02
6 October 2008 7.89
7 October 2008 8.07
8 October 2008 8.42
9 October 2008 8.63
10 October 2008 9.06
13 October 2008 ND
14 October 2008 9.30
15 October 2008 9.39
16 October 2008 9.46
17 October 2008 9.60
20 October 2008 9.61
21 October 2008 9.44
22 October 2008 9.36
23 October 2008 9.33
24 October 2008 9.54
27 October 2008 9.65
28 October 2008 9.77
29 October 2008 9.91
30 October 2008 9.97
31 October 2008 10.00
3 November 2008 9.93
4 November 2008 9.77
5 November 2008 9.72
6 November 2008 9.70
7 November 2008 9.75
10 November 2008 9.70
11 November 2008 ND
12 November 2008 9.59
13 November 2008 9.68
14 November 2008 9.63
17 November 2008 9.66
18 November 2008 9.65
19 November 2008 9.61
20 November 2008 9.53
21 November 2008 9.69
24 November 2008 9.92
25 November 2008 9.76
26 November 2008 9.70
27 November 2008 ND
28 November 2008 9.68
1 December 2008 9.43
2 December 2008 9.47
3 December 2008 9.54
4 December 2008 9.47
5 December 2008 9.59
8 December 2008 9.69
9 December 2008 9.64
10 December 2008 9.66
11 December 2008 9.66
12 December 2008 9.65
15 December 2008* 9.59
16 December 2008* 9.51
17 December 2008 9.29
18 December 2008 9.19
19 December 2008 9.21
22 December 2008 9.21
23 December 2008 9.23
24 December 2008 9.22
25 December 2008 ND
26 December 2008 9.15
29 December 2008 9.12
30 December 2008 9.09
31 December 2008 9.34
1 January 2009 ND
2 January 2009 9.51
5 January 2009 9.44
6 January 2009 9.30
7 January 2009 9.17
8 January 2009 9.08
9 January 2009 8.99
12 January 2009 8.86
13 January 2009 8.86
14 January 2009 8.78
15 January 2009 8.78
16 January 2009 8.85
19 January 2009 ND
20 January 2009 8.83
21 January 2009 9.02
22 January 2009 9.07
23 January 2009 9.08
26 January 2009 9.06

* Dec. FOMC  Return to table

Note: Yield for 10-year BBB bonds. Issuance shown at a monthly rate; January is month-to-date.

Issuance
(billions)
2008:Q3 $10.5
2008:Q4 $17.9
2009:Jan. $18.8

Bottom-right panel
High-Yield Corporate Bond Yield

Daily
Date Percent
1 January 2002 ND
2 January 2002 11.05
3 January 2002 10.95
4 January 2002 10.88
7 January 2002 10.86
8 January 2002 10.89
9 January 2002 10.89
10 January 2002 10.84
11 January 2002 10.83
14 January 2002 10.81
15 January 2002 10.85
16 January 2002 10.89
17 January 2002 10.95
18 January 2002 10.95
21 January 2002 ND
22 January 2002 10.96
23 January 2002 10.99
24 January 2002 10.98
25 January 2002 10.97
28 January 2002 11.03
29 January 2002 11.02
30 January 2002 11.12
31 January 2002 10.80
1 February 2002 10.79
4 February 2002 11.01
5 February 2002 10.86
6 February 2002 10.91
7 February 2002 10.93
8 February 2002 10.95
11 February 2002 10.97
12 February 2002 10.99
13 February 2002 11.00
14 February 2002 11.03
15 February 2002 11.01
18 February 2002 ND
19 February 2002 11.06
20 February 2002 11.07
21 February 2002 11.11
22 February 2002 11.10
25 February 2002 11.18
26 February 2002 11.21
27 February 2002 11.14
28 February 2002 10.88
1 March 2002 10.87
4 March 2002 10.81
5 March 2002 10.75
6 March 2002 10.71
7 March 2002 10.67
8 March 2002 10.61
11 March 2002 10.60
12 March 2002 10.57
13 March 2002 10.55
14 March 2002 10.58
15 March 2002 10.57
18 March 2002 10.54
19 March 2002 10.54
20 March 2002 10.53
21 March 2002 10.56
22 March 2002 10.55
25 March 2002 10.54
26 March 2002 10.56
27 March 2002 10.58
28 March 2002 10.66
29 March 2002 ND
1 April 2002 10.66
2 April 2002 10.62
3 April 2002 10.69
4 April 2002 10.65
5 April 2002 10.64
8 April 2002 10.66
9 April 2002 10.66
10 April 2002 10.64
11 April 2002 10.61
12 April 2002 10.68
15 April 2002 10.65
16 April 2002 10.67
17 April 2002 10.63
18 April 2002 10.55
19 April 2002 10.52
22 April 2002 10.54
23 April 2002 10.55
24 April 2002 10.54
25 April 2002 10.58
26 April 2002 10.62
29 April 2002 10.59
30 April 2002 10.30
1 May 2002 10.31
2 May 2002 10.36
3 May 2002 10.26
6 May 2002 10.31
7 May 2002 10.33
8 May 2002 10.39
9 May 2002 10.38
10 May 2002 10.41
13 May 2002 10.47
14 May 2002 10.53
15 May 2002 10.56
16 May 2002 10.61
17 May 2002 10.70
20 May 2002 10.69
21 May 2002 10.70
22 May 2002 10.71
23 May 2002 10.65
24 May 2002 10.64
27 May 2002 ND
28 May 2002 10.65
29 May 2002 10.65
30 May 2002 10.69
31 May 2002 10.76
3 June 2002 10.79
4 June 2002 10.78
5 June 2002 10.67
6 June 2002 10.70
7 June 2002 10.77
10 June 2002 10.90
11 June 2002 10.87
12 June 2002 10.92
13 June 2002 10.92
14 June 2002 10.96
17 June 2002 10.91
18 June 2002 10.95
19 June 2002 10.94
20 June 2002 11.00
21 June 2002 11.30
24 June 2002 11.15
25 June 2002 11.26
26 June 2002 11.54
27 June 2002 11.79
28 June 2002 11.83
1 July 2002 11.10
2 July 2002 11.24
3 July 2002 11.26
4 July 2002 ND
5 July 2002 11.27
8 July 2002 11.27
9 July 2002 11.22
10 July 2002 11.23
11 July 2002 11.34
12 July 2002 11.31
15 July 2002 11.34
16 July 2002 11.35
17 July 2002 11.33
18 July 2002 11.33
19 July 2002 11.36
22 July 2002 11.43
23 July 2002 11.57
24 July 2002 11.73
25 July 2002 11.70
26 July 2002 11.79
29 July 2002 11.82
30 July 2002 11.82
31 July 2002 11.70
1 August 2002 11.59
2 August 2002 11.70
5 August 2002 11.73
6 August 2002 11.83
7 August 2002 11.81
8 August 2002 11.87
9 August 2002 11.84
12 August 2002 11.89
13 August 2002 11.91
14 August 2002 11.91
15 August 2002 11.91
16 August 2002 11.92
19 August 2002 11.92
20 August 2002 11.76
21 August 2002 11.82
22 August 2002 11.69
23 August 2002 11.59
26 August 2002 11.48
27 August 2002 11.47
28 August 2002 11.42
29 August 2002 11.40
30 August 2002 11.40
2 September 2002 ND
3 September 2002 11.44
4 September 2002 11.38
5 September 2002 11.41
6 September 2002 11.45
9 September 2002 11.47
10 September 2002 11.44
11 September 2002 11.42
12 September 2002 11.25
13 September 2002 ND
16 September 2002 11.35
17 September 2002 11.31
18 September 2002 11.39
19 September 2002 11.49
20 September 2002 11.53
23 September 2002 11.52
24 September 2002 11.61
25 September 2002 11.67
26 September 2002 11.63
27 September 2002 11.68
30 September 2002 11.78
1 October 2002 11.83
2 October 2002 11.81
3 October 2002 11.83
4 October 2002 11.94
7 October 2002 11.98
8 October 2002 12.14
9 October 2002 12.27
10 October 2002 12.35
11 October 2002 12.38
14 October 2002 ND
15 October 2002 12.31
16 October 2002 12.28
17 October 2002 12.25
18 October 2002 12.29
21 October 2002 12.28
22 October 2002 12.30
23 October 2002 12.26
24 October 2002 12.17
25 October 2002 12.16
28 October 2002 12.09
29 October 2002 12.06
30 October 2002 12.01
31 October 2002 11.88
1 November 2002 11.85
4 November 2002 11.82
5 November 2002 11.76
6 November 2002 11.65
7 November 2002 11.57
8 November 2002 11.60
11 November 2002 11.59
12 November 2002 11.52
13 November 2002 11.51
14 November 2002 11.45
15 November 2002 11.39
18 November 2002 11.35
19 November 2002 11.30
20 November 2002 11.23
21 November 2002 11.18
22 November 2002 11.20
25 November 2002 11.04
26 November 2002 11.04
27 November 2002 11.05
28 November 2002 11.05
29 November 2002 11.09
2 December 2002 10.89
3 December 2002 10.86
4 December 2002 11.78
5 December 2002 11.77
6 December 2002 11.81
9 December 2002 10.94
10 December 2002 11.04
11 December 2002 11.06
12 December 2002 11.04
13 December 2002 11.04
16 December 2002 11.00
17 December 2002 11.00
18 December 2002 10.98
19 December 2002 10.98
20 December 2002 10.98
23 December 2002 10.96
24 December 2002 10.95
25 December 2002 ND
26 December 2002 10.95
27 December 2002 10.94
30 December 2002 10.93
31 December 2002 10.78
1 January 2003 ND
2 January 2003 10.75
3 January 2003 10.74
6 January 2003 10.59
7 January 2003 10.52
8 January 2003 10.42
9 January 2003 10.41
10 January 2003 10.36
13 January 2003 10.33
14 January 2003 10.31
15 January 2003 10.33
16 January 2003 10.35
17 January 2003 10.36
20 January 2003 10.35
21 January 2003 10.33
22 January 2003 10.36
23 January 2003 10.35
24 January 2003 10.34
27 January 2003 10.46
28 January 2003 10.46
29 January 2003 10.49
30 January 2003 10.46
31 January 2003 10.39
3 February 2003 10.44
4 February 2003 10.41
5 February 2003 10.41
6 February 2003 10.43
7 February 2003 10.44
10 February 2003 10.46
11 February 2003 10.44
12 February 2003 10.50
13 February 2003 10.59
14 February 2003 10.61
17 February 2003 ND
18 February 2003 10.60
19 February 2003 10.52
20 February 2003 10.46
21 February 2003 10.44
24 February 2003 10.42
25 February 2003 10.41
26 February 2003 10.40
27 February 2003 10.36
28 February 2003 10.24
3 March 2003 10.27
4 March 2003 10.24
5 March 2003 10.24
6 March 2003 10.25
7 March 2003 10.24
10 March 2003 10.20
11 March 2003 10.19
12 March 2003 10.21
13 March 2003 10.21
14 March 2003 10.18
17 March 2003 10.17
18 March 2003 10.17
19 March 2003 10.14
20 March 2003 10.12
21 March 2003 10.11
24 March 2003 10.09
25 March 2003 10.07
26 March 2003 10.02
27 March 2003 10.00
28 March 2003 9.96
31 March 2003 9.83
1 April 2003 9.80
2 April 2003 9.73
3 April 2003 9.65
4 April 2003 9.64
7 April 2003 9.62
8 April 2003 9.62
9 April 2003 9.66
10 April 2003 9.67
11 April 2003 9.66
14 April 2003 9.63
15 April 2003 9.61
16 April 2003 9.58
17 April 2003 9.56
18 April 2003 ND
21 April 2003 9.50
22 April 2003 9.46
23 April 2003 9.35
24 April 2003 9.27
25 April 2003 9.24
28 April 2003 9.23
29 April 2003 9.19
30 April 2003 9.06
1 May 2003 9.01
2 May 2003 8.98
5 May 2003 8.94
6 May 2003 8.92
7 May 2003 8.95
8 May 2003 8.99
9 May 2003 9.00
12 May 2003 8.97
13 May 2003 8.96
14 May 2003 8.97
15 May 2003 8.98
16 May 2003 8.98
19 May 2003 9.00
20 May 2003 9.00
21 May 2003 9.07
22 May 2003 9.09
23 May 2003 9.11
26 May 2003 ND
27 May 2003 9.14
28 May 2003 9.16
29 May 2003 9.10
30 May 2003 9.09
2 June 2003 8.99
3 June 2003 8.98
4 June 2003 8.94
5 June 2003 8.86
6 June 2003 8.80
9 June 2003 8.78
10 June 2003 8.77
11 June 2003 8.73
12 June 2003 8.70
13 June 2003 8.65
16 June 2003 8.61
17 June 2003 8.55
18 June 2003 8.55
19 June 2003 8.57
20 June 2003 8.59
23 June 2003 8.61
24 June 2003 8.64
25 June 2003 8.63
26 June 2003 8.66
27 June 2003 8.69
30 June 2003 8.69
1 July 2003 8.71
2 July 2003 8.72
3 July 2003 8.72
4 July 2003 ND
7 July 2003 8.72
8 July 2003 8.70
9 July 2003 8.69
10 July 2003 8.69
11 July 2003 8.67
14 July 2003 8.66
15 July 2003 8.69
16 July 2003 8.73
17 July 2003 8.74
18 July 2003 8.75
21 July 2003 8.76
22 July 2003 8.79
23 July 2003 8.80
24 July 2003 8.81
25 July 2003 8.84
28 July 2003 8.88
29 July 2003 8.96
30 July 2003 9.04
31 July 2003 9.11
1 August 2003 9.21
4 August 2003 9.18
5 August 2003 9.26
6 August 2003 9.34
7 August 2003 9.37
8 August 2003 9.33
11 August 2003 9.34
12 August 2003 9.35
13 August 2003 9.43
14 August 2003 9.50
15 August 2003 9.49
18 August 2003 9.45
19 August 2003 9.33
20 August 2003 9.24
21 August 2003 9.18
22 August 2003 9.16
25 August 2003 9.14
26 August 2003 9.12
27 August 2003 9.09
28 August 2003 9.03
29 August 2003 8.99
1 September 2003 ND
2 September 2003 8.90
3 September 2003 8.88
4 September 2003 8.85
5 September 2003 8.84
8 September 2003 8.82
9 September 2003 8.79
10 September 2003 8.76
11 September 2003 8.77
12 September 2003 8.76
15 September 2003 8.73
16 September 2003 8.72
17 September 2003 8.68
18 September 2003 8.64
19 September 2003 8.62
22 September 2003 8.64
23 September 2003 8.66
24 September 2003 8.63
25 September 2003 8.61
26 September 2003 8.61
29 September 2003 8.60
30 September 2003 8.57
1 October 2003 8.55
2 October 2003 8.53
3 October 2003 8.55
6 October 2003 8.55
7 October 2003 8.53
8 October 2003 8.51
9 October 2003 8.49
10 October 2003 8.47
13 October 2003 ND
14 October 2003 8.45
15 October 2003 8.42
16 October 2003 8.39
17 October 2003 8.38
20 October 2003 8.37
21 October 2003 8.36
22 October 2003 8.37
23 October 2003 8.41
24 October 2003 8.41
27 October 2003 8.40
28 October 2003 8.39
29 October 2003 8.39
30 October 2003 8.38
31 October 2003 8.36
3 November 2003 8.35
4 November 2003 8.32
5 November 2003 8.32
6 November 2003 8.33
7 November 2003 8.34
10 November 2003 8.34
11 November 2003 ND
12 November 2003 8.34
13 November 2003 8.31
14 November 2003 8.29
17 November 2003 8.26
18 November 2003 8.27
19 November 2003 8.26
20 November 2003 8.25
21 November 2003 8.24
24 November 2003 8.24
25 November 2003 8.22
26 November 2003 8.21
27 November 2003 ND
28 November 2003 8.21
1 December 2003 8.17
2 December 2003 8.14
3 December 2003 8.10
4 December 2003 8.05
5 December 2003 8.00
8 December 2003 7.98
9 December 2003 7.98
10 December 2003 7.97
11 December 2003 7.98
12 December 2003 7.98
15 December 2003 7.97
16 December 2003 7.97
17 December 2003 7.95
18 December 2003 7.94
19 December 2003 7.93
22 December 2003 7.91
23 December 2003 7.92
24 December 2003 7.91
25 December 2003 ND
26 December 2003 7.91
29 December 2003 7.90
30 December 2003 7.90
31 December 2003 7.89
1 January 2004 ND
2 January 2004 7.89
5 January 2004 7.84
6 January 2004 7.77
7 January 2004 7.71
8 January 2004 7.68
9 January 2004 7.64
12 January 2004 7.64
13 January 2004 7.63
14 January 2004 7.61
15 January 2004 7.59
16 January 2004 7.59
19 January 2004 ND
20 January 2004 7.58
21 January 2004 7.56
22 January 2004 7.54
23 January 2004 7.54
26 January 2004 7.57
27 January 2004 7.59
28 January 2004 7.64
29 January 2004 7.71
30 January 2004 7.75
2 February 2004 7.79
3 February 2004 7.83
4 February 2004 7.87
5 February 2004 7.92
6 February 2004 7.93
9 February 2004 7.86
10 February 2004 7.87
11 February 2004 7.85
12 February 2004 7.82
13 February 2004 7.81
16 February 2004 ND
17 February 2004 7.80
18 February 2004 7.84
19 February 2004 7.84
20 February 2004 7.85
23 February 2004 7.88
24 February 2004 7.91
25 February 2004 7.89
26 February 2004 7.89
27 February 2004 7.87
1 March 2004 7.85
2 March 2004 7.85
3 March 2004 7.86
4 March 2004 7.84
5 March 2004 7.79
8 March 2004 7.76
9 March 2004 7.76
10 March 2004 7.76
11 March 2004 7.79
12 March 2004 7.80
15 March 2004 7.83
16 March 2004 7.84
17 March 2004 7.86
18 March 2004 7.85
19 March 2004 7.85
22 March 2004 7.85
23 March 2004 7.88
24 March 2004 7.89
25 March 2004 7.89
26 March 2004 7.89
29 March 2004 7.88
30 March 2004 7.89
31 March 2004 7.88
1 April 2004 7.88
2 April 2004 7.92
5 April 2004 7.95
6 April 2004 7.94
7 April 2004 7.92
8 April 2004 7.91
9 April 2004 ND
12 April 2004 7.91
13 April 2004 7.95
14 April 2004 8.00
15 April 2004 8.01
16 April 2004 8.00
19 April 2004 8.00
20 April 2004 8.01
21 April 2004 8.04
22 April 2004 8.01
23 April 2004 8.01
26 April 2004 8.02
27 April 2004 8.01
28 April 2004 8.03
29 April 2004 8.08
30 April 2004 8.08
3 May 2004 8.12
4 May 2004 8.17
5 May 2004 8.19
6 May 2004 8.27
7 May 2004 8.38
10 May 2004 8.53
11 May 2004 8.56
12 May 2004 8.61
13 May 2004 8.70
14 May 2004 8.72
17 May 2004 8.72
18 May 2004 8.67
19 May 2004 8.62
20 May 2004 8.64
21 May 2004 8.62
24 May 2004 8.60
25 May 2004 8.57
26 May 2004 8.53
27 May 2004 8.50
28 May 2004 8.50
31 May 2004 ND
1 June 2004 8.50
2 June 2004 8.51
3 June 2004 8.52
4 June 2004 8.53
7 June 2004 8.54
8 June 2004 8.52
9 June 2004 8.51
10 June 2004 8.51
11 June 2004 ND
14 June 2004 8.53
15 June 2004 8.51
16 June 2004 8.49
17 June 2004 8.48
18 June 2004 8.46
21 June 2004 8.45
22 June 2004 8.43
23 June 2004 8.43
24 June 2004 8.40
25 June 2004 8.40
28 June 2004 8.41
29 June 2004 8.42
30 June 2004 8.41
1 July 2004 8.37
2 July 2004 8.34
5 July 2004 ND
6 July 2004 8.30
7 July 2004 8.30
8 July 2004 8.27
9 July 2004 8.26
12 July 2004 8.23
13 July 2004 8.23
14 July 2004 8.21
15 July 2004 8.20
16 July 2004 8.16
19 July 2004 8.13
20 July 2004 8.11
21 July 2004 8.12
22 July 2004 8.15
23 July 2004 8.17
26 July 2004 8.19
27 July 2004 8.26
28 July 2004 8.27
29 July 2004 8.25
30 July 2004 8.21
2 August 2004 8.22
3 August 2004 8.24
4 August 2004 8.22
5 August 2004 8.21
6 August 2004 8.15
9 August 2004 8.14
10 August 2004 8.15
11 August 2004 8.15
12 August 2004 8.15
13 August 2004 8.14
16 August 2004 8.15
17 August 2004 8.13
18 August 2004 8.10
19 August 2004 8.07
20 August 2004 8.06
23 August 2004 8.05
24 August 2004 8.04
25 August 2004 8.01
26 August 2004 8.00
27 August 2004 7.99
30 August 2004 7.98
31 August 2004 7.97
1 September 2004 7.96
2 September 2004 7.98
3 September 2004 7.97
6 September 2004 ND
7 September 2004 7.97
8 September 2004 7.93
9 September 2004 7.91
10 September 2004 7.89
13 September 2004 7.86
14 September 2004 7.83
15 September 2004 7.84
16 September 2004 7.82
17 September 2004 7.81
20 September 2004 7.79
21 September 2004 7.78
22 September 2004 7.76
23 September 2004 7.76
24 September 2004 7.77
27 September 2004 7.77
28 September 2004 7.77
29 September 2004 7.79
30 September 2004 7.82
1 October 2004 7.83
4 October 2004 7.81
5 October 2004 7.80
6 October 2004 7.79
7 October 2004 7.78
8 October 2004 7.74
11 October 2004 7.74
12 October 2004 7.71
13 October 2004 7.70
14 October 2004 7.70
15 October 2004 7.70
18 October 2004 7.72
19 October 2004 7.73
20 October 2004 7.74
21 October 2004 7.72
22 October 2004 7.69
25 October 2004 7.67
26 October 2004 7.65
27 October 2004 7.63
28 October 2004 7.60
29 October 2004 7.55
1 November 2004 7.54
2 November 2004 7.51
3 November 2004 7.46
4 November 2004 7.43
5 November 2004 7.44
8 November 2004 7.46
9 November 2004 7.46
10 November 2004 7.49
11 November 2004 7.49
12 November 2004 7.48
15 November 2004 7.46
16 November 2004 7.50
17 November 2004 7.46
18 November 2004 7.43
19 November 2004 7.44
22 November 2004 7.44
23 November 2004 7.43
24 November 2004 ND
25 November 2004 7.43
26 November 2004 7.43
29 November 2004 7.46
30 November 2004 7.49
1 December 2004 7.50
2 December 2004 7.51
3 December 2004 7.47
6 December 2004 7.45
7 December 2004 7.43
8 December 2004 7.41
9 December 2004 7.40
10 December 2004 7.40
13 December 2004 7.39
14 December 2004 7.40
15 December 2004 7.37
16 December 2004 7.38
17 December 2004 7.41
20 December 2004 7.40
21 December 2004 7.39
22 December 2004 7.39
23 December 2004 7.40
24 December 2004 ND
27 December 2004 7.40
28 December 2004 7.41
29 December 2004 7.41
30 December 2004 7.40
31 December 2004 7.40
3 January 2005 7.39
4 January 2005 7.37
5 January 2005 7.40
6 January 2005 7.41
7 January 2005 7.42
10 January 2005 7.44
11 January 2005 7.46
12 January 2005 7.47
13 January 2005 7.46
14 January 2005 7.48
17 January 2005 ND
18 January 2005 7.51
19 January 2005 7.49
20 January 2005 7.51
21 January 2005 7.52
24 January 2005 7.51
25 January 2005 7.51
26 January 2005 7.51
27 January 2005 7.50
28 January 2005 7.47
31 January 2005 7.46
1 February 2005 7.44
2 February 2005 7.41
3 February 2005 7.38
4 February 2005 7.35
7 February 2005 7.32
8 February 2005 7.29
9 February 2005 7.29
10 February 2005 7.30
11 February 2005 7.29
14 February 2005 7.28
15 February 2005 7.25
16 February 2005 7.24
17 February 2005 7.26
18 February 2005 7.28
21 February 2005 ND
22 February 2005 7.30
23 February 2005 7.29
24 February 2005 7.29
25 February 2005 7.26
28 February 2005 7.26
1 March 2005 7.28
2 March 2005 7.29
3 March 2005 7.29
4 March 2005 7.27
7 March 2005 7.25
8 March 2005 7.25
9 March 2005 7.29
10 March 2005 7.31
11 March 2005 7.34
14 March 2005 7.37
15 March 2005 7.38
16 March 2005 7.45
17 March 2005 7.53
18 March 2005 7.51
21 March 2005 7.58
22 March 2005 7.66
23 March 2005 7.74
24 March 2005 7.74
25 March 2005 ND
28 March 2005 7.77
29 March 2005 7.82
30 March 2005 7.86
31 March 2005 7.89
1 April 2005 7.88
4 April 2005 7.91
5 April 2005 7.87
6 April 2005 7.81
7 April 2005 7.77
8 April 2005 7.78
11 April 2005 7.80
12 April 2005 7.81
13 April 2005 7.83
14 April 2005 7.90
15 April 2005 7.96
18 April 2005 8.00
19 April 2005 7.97
20 April 2005 7.93
21 April 2005 7.92
22 April 2005 7.90
25 April 2005 7.92
26 April 2005 7.97
27 April 2005 8.02
28 April 2005 8.04
29 April 2005 8.10
2 May 2005 8.12
3 May 2005 8.15
4 May 2005 8.08
5 May 2005 8.18
6 May 2005 8.23
9 May 2005 8.23
10 May 2005 8.24
11 May 2005 8.33
12 May 2005 8.32
13 May 2005 8.37
16 May 2005 8.50
17 May 2005 8.55
18 May 2005 8.49
19 May 2005 8.42
20 May 2005 8.39
23 May 2005 8.30
24 May 2005 8.27
25 May 2005 8.20
26 May 2005 8.14
27 May 2005 8.08
30 May 2005 ND
31 May 2005 8.06
1 June 2005 7.98
2 June 2005 7.87
3 June 2005 7.86
6 June 2005 7.92
7 June 2005 7.89
8 June 2005 7.91
9 June 2005 7.97
10 June 2005 7.96
13 June 2005 7.97
14 June 2005 7.95
15 June 2005 7.93
16 June 2005 7.94
17 June 2005 7.94
20 June 2005 7.96
21 June 2005 7.92
22 June 2005 7.90
23 June 2005 7.91
24 June 2005 7.92
27 June 2005 7.93
28 June 2005 7.90
29 June 2005 7.88
30 June 2005 7.84
1 July 2005 7.84
4 July 2005 ND
5 July 2005 7.88
6 July 2005 7.89
7 July 2005 7.87
8 July 2005 7.85
11 July 2005 7.81
12 July 2005 7.77
13 July 2005 7.76
14 July 2005 7.73
15 July 2005 7.72
18 July 2005 7.73
19 July 2005 7.73
20 July 2005 7.75
21 July 2005 7.75
22 July 2005 7.69
25 July 2005 7.73
26 July 2005 7.73
27 July 2005 7.71
28 July 2005 7.68
29 July 2005 7.69
1 August 2005 7.70
2 August 2005 7.71
3 August 2005 7.73
4 August 2005 7.72
5 August 2005 7.78
8 August 2005 7.82
9 August 2005 7.80
10 August 2005 7.79
11 August 2005 7.78
12 August 2005 7.76
15 August 2005 7.77
16 August 2005 7.79
17 August 2005 7.80
18 August 2005 7.78
19 August 2005 7.77
22 August 2005 7.76
23 August 2005 7.75
24 August 2005 7.74
25 August 2005 7.74
26 August 2005 7.74
29 August 2005 7.75
30 August 2005 7.75
31 August 2005 7.77
1 September 2005 7.78
2 September 2005 7.80
5 September 2005 ND
6 September 2005 7.80
7 September 2005 7.82
8 September 2005 7.81
9 September 2005 7.82
12 September 2005 7.82
13 September 2005 7.80
14 September 2005 7.81
15 September 2005 7.81
16 September 2005 7.84
19 September 2005 7.89
20 September 2005 7.93
21 September 2005 7.95
22 September 2005 7.98
23 September 2005 7.97
26 September 2005 7.96
27 September 2005 7.98
28 September 2005 7.99
29 September 2005 7.99
30 September 2005 8.03
3 October 2005 8.01
4 October 2005 8.07
5 October 2005 8.08
6 October 2005 8.11
7 October 2005 8.13
10 October 2005 ND
11 October 2005 8.20
12 October 2005 8.27
13 October 2005 8.34
14 October 2005 8.31
17 October 2005 8.24
18 October 2005 8.18
19 October 2005 8.19
20 October 2005 8.18
21 October 2005 8.15
24 October 2005 8.15
25 October 2005 8.17
26 October 2005 8.25
27 October 2005 8.29
28 October 2005 8.32
31 October 2005 8.33
1 November 2005 8.32
2 November 2005 8.31
3 November 2005 8.29
4 November 2005 8.30
7 November 2005 8.32
8 November 2005 8.28
9 November 2005 8.31
10 November 2005 8.31
11 November 2005 ND
14 November 2005 8.37
15 November 2005 8.39
16 November 2005 8.39
17 November 2005 8.41
18 November 2005 8.44
21 November 2005 8.41
22 November 2005 8.40
23 November 2005 8.41
24 November 2005 ND
25 November 2005 8.39
28 November 2005 8.37
29 November 2005 8.34
30 November 2005 8.34
1 December 2005 8.35
2 December 2005 8.34
5 December 2005 8.38
6 December 2005 8.37
7 December 2005 8.38
8 December 2005 8.36
9 December 2005 8.35
12 December 2005 8.33
13 December 2005 8.33
14 December 2005 8.31
15 December 2005 8.31
16 December 2005 8.31
19 December 2005 8.31
20 December 2005 8.33
21 December 2005 8.28
22 December 2005 8.27
23 December 2005 8.26
26 December 2005 ND
27 December 2005 8.26
28 December 2005 8.27
29 December 2005 8.29
30 December 2005 8.30
2 January 2006 ND
3 January 2006 8.27
4 January 2006 8.24
5 January 2006 8.21
6 January 2006 8.18
9 January 2006 8.15
10 January 2006 8.17
11 January 2006 8.19
12 January 2006 8.19
13 January 2006 8.22
16 January 2006 ND
17 January 2006 8.24
18 January 2006 8.24
19 January 2006 8.22
20 January 2006 8.23
23 January 2006 8.21
24 January 2006 8.19
25 January 2006 8.18
26 January 2006 8.21
27 January 2006 8.18
30 January 2006 8.17
31 January 2006 8.16
1 February 2006 8.14
2 February 2006 8.14
3 February 2006 8.14
6 February 2006 8.17
7 February 2006 8.19
8 February 2006 8.20
9 February 2006 8.21
10 February 2006 8.22
13 February 2006 8.22
14 February 2006 8.23
15 February 2006 8.21
16 February 2006 8.19
17 February 2006 8.16
20 February 2006 ND
21 February 2006 8.16
22 February 2006 8.14
23 February 2006 8.14
24 February 2006 8.13
27 February 2006 8.14
28 February 2006 8.10
1 March 2006 8.13
2 March 2006 8.15
3 March 2006 8.19
6 March 2006 8.18
7 March 2006 8.20
8 March 2006 8.24
9 March 2006 8.23
10 March 2006 8.23
13 March 2006 8.23
14 March 2006 8.21
15 March 2006 8.20
16 March 2006 8.16
17 March 2006 8.19
20 March 2006 8.14
21 March 2006 8.13
22 March 2006 8.13
23 March 2006 8.13
24 March 2006 8.11
27 March 2006 8.10
28 March 2006 8.12
29 March 2006 8.15
30 March 2006 8.17
31 March 2006 8.18
3 April 2006 8.17
4 April 2006 8.19
5 April 2006 8.16
6 April 2006 8.19
7 April 2006 8.22
10 April 2006 8.24
11 April 2006 8.23
12 April 2006 8.24
13 April 2006 8.27
14 April 2006 ND
17 April 2006 8.27
18 April 2006 8.25
19 April 2006 8.26
20 April 2006 8.25
21 April 2006 8.24
24 April 2006 8.23
25 April 2006 8.24
26 April 2006 8.27
27 April 2006 8.26
28 April 2006 8.24
1 May 2006 8.25
2 May 2006 8.24
3 May 2006 8.26
4 May 2006 8.24
5 May 2006 8.23
8 May 2006 8.23
9 May 2006 8.23
10 May 2006 8.22
11 May 2006 8.23
12 May 2006 8.26
15 May 2006 8.29
16 May 2006 8.30
17 May 2006 8.37
18 May 2006 8.36
19 May 2006 8.34
22 May 2006 8.39
23 May 2006 8.39
24 May 2006 8.42
25 May 2006 8.42
26 May 2006 8.39
29 May 2006 ND
30 May 2006 8.41
31 May 2006 8.43
1 June 2006 8.43
2 June 2006 8.39
5 June 2006 8.42
6 June 2006 8.44
7 June 2006 8.45
8 June 2006 8.46
9 June 2006 8.46
12 June 2006 8.46
13 June 2006 8.49
14 June 2006 8.57
15 June 2006 8.60
16 June 2006 8.60
19 June 2006 8.61
20 June 2006 8.64
21 June 2006 8.71
22 June 2006 8.73
23 June 2006 8.75
26 June 2006 8.78
27 June 2006 8.77
28 June 2006 8.79
29 June 2006 8.74
30 June 2006 8.66
3 July 2006 8.68
4 July 2006 ND
5 July 2006 8.71
6 July 2006 8.71
7 July 2006 8.67
10 July 2006 8.66
11 July 2006 8.65
12 July 2006 8.66
13 July 2006 8.69
14 July 2006 8.71
17 July 2006 8.73
18 July 2006 8.74
19 July 2006 8.70
20 July 2006 8.69
21 July 2006 8.69
24 July 2006 8.71
25 July 2006 8.72
26 July 2006 8.70
27 July 2006 8.68
28 July 2006 8.66
31 July 2006 8.69
1 August 2006 8.68
2 August 2006 8.65
3 August 2006 8.65
4 August 2006 8.63
7 August 2006 8.62
8 August 2006 8.63
9 August 2006 8.63
10 August 2006 8.65
11 August 2006 8.65
14 August 2006 8.66
15 August 2006 8.64
16 August 2006 8.61
17 August 2006 8.58
18 August 2006 8.59
21 August 2006 8.58
22 August 2006 8.58
23 August 2006 8.57
24 August 2006 8.57
25 August 2006 8.57
28 August 2006 8.57
29 August 2006 8.57
30 August 2006 8.56
31 August 2006 8.59
1 September 2006 8.58
4 September 2006 ND
5 September 2006 8.57
6 September 2006 8.56
7 September 2006 8.57
8 September 2006 8.55
11 September 2006 8.55
12 September 2006 8.53
13 September 2006 8.50
14 September 2006 8.49
15 September 2006 8.48
18 September 2006 8.49
19 September 2006 8.49
20 September 2006 8.48
21 September 2006 8.49
22 September 2006 8.49
25 September 2006 8.48
26 September 2006 8.47
27 September 2006 8.45
28 September 2006 8.46
29 September 2006 8.45
2 October 2006 8.44
3 October 2006 8.38
4 October 2006 8.43
5 October 2006 8.41
6 October 2006 8.42
9 October 2006 ND
10 October 2006 8.43
11 October 2006 8.42
12 October 2006 8.40
13 October 2006 8.39
16 October 2006 8.39
17 October 2006 8.39
18 October 2006 8.37
19 October 2006 8.38
20 October 2006 8.38
23 October 2006 8.39
24 October 2006 8.39
25 October 2006 8.39
26 October 2006 8.37
27 October 2006 8.35
30 October 2006 8.34
31 October 2006 8.36
1 November 2006 8.34
2 November 2006 8.33
3 November 2006 8.32
6 November 2006 8.33
7 November 2006 8.30
8 November 2006 8.29
9 November 2006 8.26
10 November 2006 8.25
13 November 2006 8.24
14 November 2006 8.23
15 November 2006 8.23
16 November 2006 8.21
17 November 2006 8.24
20 November 2006 8.24
21 November 2006 8.25
22 November 2006 8.27
23 November 2006 ND
24 November 2006 8.26
27 November 2006 8.27
28 November 2006 8.29
29 November 2006 8.26
30 November 2006 8.28
1 December 2006 8.27
4 December 2006 8.26
5 December 2006 8.23
6 December 2006 8.20
7 December 2006 8.19
8 December 2006 8.20
11 December 2006 8.20
12 December 2006 8.20
13 December 2006 8.22
14 December 2006 8.24
15 December 2006 8.22
18 December 2006 8.22
19 December 2006 8.21
20 December 2006 8.21
21 December 2006 8.20
22 December 2006 8.21
25 December 2006 ND
26 December 2006 8.20
27 December 2006 8.21
28 December 2006 8.21
29 December 2006 8.20
1 January 2007 ND
2 January 2007 8.27
3 January 2007 8.24
4 January 2007 8.25
5 January 2007 8.27
8 January 2007 8.26
9 January 2007 8.25
10 January 2007 8.25
11 January 2007 8.25
12 January 2007 8.25
15 January 2007 ND
16 January 2007 8.23
17 January 2007 8.22
18 January 2007 8.20
19 January 2007 8.18
22 January 2007 8.17
23 January 2007 8.17
24 January 2007 8.15
25 January 2007 8.14
26 January 2007 8.16
29 January 2007 8.16
30 January 2007 8.19
31 January 2007 8.20
1 February 2007 8.17
2 February 2007 8.17
5 February 2007 8.15
6 February 2007 8.12
7 February 2007 8.08
8 February 2007 8.09
9 February 2007 8.08
12 February 2007 8.10
13 February 2007 8.09
14 February 2007 8.05
15 February 2007 8.02
16 February 2007 7.99
19 February 2007 ND
20 February 2007 7.99
21 February 2007 7.97
22 February 2007 7.96
23 February 2007 7.95
26 February 2007 7.95
27 February 2007 8.00
28 February 2007 8.04
1 March 2007 8.08
2 March 2007 8.11
5 March 2007 8.17
6 March 2007 8.14
7 March 2007 8.09
8 March 2007 8.05
9 March 2007 8.05
12 March 2007 8.05
13 March 2007 8.10
14 March 2007 8.13
15 March 2007 8.11
16 March 2007 8.11
19 March 2007 8.11
20 March 2007 8.11
21 March 2007 8.09
22 March 2007 8.08
23 March 2007 8.08
26 March 2007 8.08
27 March 2007 8.09
28 March 2007 8.12
29 March 2007 8.11
30 March 2007 8.10
2 April 2007 8.10
3 April 2007 8.10
4 April 2007 8.13
5 April 2007 8.10
6 April 2007 ND
9 April 2007 8.10
10 April 2007 8.09
11 April 2007 8.08
12 April 2007 8.08
13 April 2007 8.07
16 April 2007 8.05
17 April 2007 8.02
18 April 2007 8.02
19 April 2007 8.00
20 April 2007 7.97
23 April 2007 7.96
24 April 2007 7.95
25 April 2007 7.94
26 April 2007 7.94
27 April 2007 7.95
30 April 2007 7.96
1 May 2007 7.97
2 May 2007 7.96
3 May 2007 7.96
4 May 2007 7.95
7 May 2007 7.94
8 May 2007 7.94
9 May 2007 7.94
10 May 2007 7.93
11 May 2007 7.93
14 May 2007 7.93
15 May 2007 7.92
16 May 2007 7.92
17 May 2007 7.92
18 May 2007 7.93
21 May 2007 7.91
22 May 2007 7.91
23 May 2007 7.92
24 May 2007 7.92
25 May 2007 7.93
28 May 2007 ND
29 May 2007 7.93
30 May 2007 7.95
31 May 2007 7.93
1 June 2007 7.94
4 June 2007 7.97
5 June 2007 7.96
6 June 2007 8.01
7 June 2007 8.10
8 June 2007 8.15
11 June 2007 8.15
12 June 2007 8.23
13 June 2007 8.23
14 June 2007 8.23
15 June 2007 8.21
18 June 2007 8.19
19 June 2007 8.22
20 June 2007 8.23
21 June 2007 8.30
22 June 2007 8.32
25 June 2007 8.37
26 June 2007 8.38
27 June 2007 8.44
28 June 2007 8.43
29 June 2007 8.43
2 July 2007 8.47
3 July 2007 8.47
4 July 2007 ND
5 July 2007 8.49
6 July 2007 8.50
9 July 2007 8.50
10 July 2007 8.57
11 July 2007 8.62
12 July 2007 8.60
13 July 2007 8.56
16 July 2007 8.53
17 July 2007 8.56
18 July 2007 8.64
19 July 2007 8.63
20 July 2007 8.70
23 July 2007 8.79
24 July 2007 8.93
25 July 2007 8.97
26 July 2007 9.22
27 July 2007 9.31
30 July 2007 9.30
31 July 2007 9.20
1 August 2007 9.26
2 August 2007 9.19
3 August 2007 9.16
6 August 2007 9.21
7 August 2007 9.15
8 August 2007 9.02
9 August 2007 9.03
10 August 2007 9.08
13 August 2007 9.04
14 August 2007 9.04
15 August 2007 9.09
16 August 2007 9.19
17 August 2007 9.16
20 August 2007 9.13
21 August 2007 9.09
22 August 2007 9.05
23 August 2007 9.01
24 August 2007 9.01
27 August 2007 8.99
28 August 2007 9.00
29 August 2007 9.02
30 August 2007 9.01
31 August 2007 9.02
3 September 2007 ND
4 September 2007 9.01
5 September 2007 9.00
6 September 2007 8.97
7 September 2007 8.99
10 September 2007 8.99
11 September 2007 8.98
12 September 2007 8.98
13 September 2007 8.98
14 September 2007 8.97
17 September 2007 8.95
18 September 2007 8.90
19 September 2007 8.79
20 September 2007 8.82
21 September 2007 8.75
24 September 2007 8.71
25 September 2007 8.73
26 September 2007 8.71
27 September 2007 8.70
28 September 2007 8.71
1 October 2007 8.71
2 October 2007 8.69
3 October 2007 8.64
4 October 2007 8.66
5 October 2007 8.65
8 October 2007 ND
9 October 2007 8.60
10 October 2007 8.58
11 October 2007 8.54
12 October 2007 8.53
15 October 2007 8.53
16 October 2007 8.58
17 October 2007 8.59
18 October 2007 8.63
19 October 2007 8.68
22 October 2007 8.71
23 October 2007 8.67
24 October 2007 8.68
25 October 2007 8.68
26 October 2007 8.69
29 October 2007 8.68
30 October 2007 8.67
31 October 2007 8.75
1 November 2007 8.79
2 November 2007 8.82
5 November 2007 8.84
6 November 2007 8.84
7 November 2007 8.87
8 November 2007 8.92
9 November 2007 8.96
12 November 2007 ND
13 November 2007 9.00
14 November 2007 8.99
15 November 2007 9.05
16 November 2007 9.11
19 November 2007 9.20
20 November 2007 9.25
21 November 2007 9.33
22 November 2007 ND
23 November 2007 9.34
26 November 2007 9.31
27 November 2007 9.36
28 November 2007 9.30
29 November 2007 9.25
30 November 2007 9.27
3 December 2007 9.27
4 December 2007 9.30
5 December 2007 9.27
6 December 2007 9.27
7 December 2007 9.26
10 December 2007 9.23
11 December 2007 9.18
12 December 2007 9.22
13 December 2007 9.26
14 December 2007 9.26
17 December 2007 9.27
18 December 2007 9.25
19 December 2007 9.28
20 December 2007 9.29
21 December 2007 9.30
24 December 2007 9.31
25 December 2007 ND
26 December 2007 9.31
27 December 2007 9.29
28 December 2007 9.28
31 December 2007 9.43
1 January 2008 ND
2 January 2008 9.43
3 January 2008 9.49
4 January 2008 9.57
7 January 2008 9.60
8 January 2008 9.63
9 January 2008 9.76
10 January 2008 9.76
11 January 2008 9.74
14 January 2008 9.74
15 January 2008 9.75
16 January 2008 9.83
17 January 2008 9.91
18 January 2008 9.97
21 January 2008 ND
22 January 2008 10.05
23 January 2008 10.07
24 January 2008 9.98
25 January 2008 9.91
28 January 2008 9.90
29 January 2008 9.85
30 January 2008 9.84
31 January 2008 9.80
1 February 2008 9.77
4 February 2008 9.78
5 February 2008 9.83
6 February 2008 9.87
7 February 2008 9.95
8 February 2008 10.03
11 February 2008 10.12
12 February 2008 10.16
13 February 2008 10.13
14 February 2008 10.13
15 February 2008 10.15
18 February 2008 ND
19 February 2008 10.17
20 February 2008 10.22
21 February 2008 10.18
22 February 2008 10.16
25 February 2008 10.12
26 February 2008 10.03
27 February 2008 10.02
28 February 2008 10.02
29 February 2008 10.13
3 March 2008 10.16
4 March 2008 10.16
5 March 2008 10.19
6 March 2008 10.21
7 March 2008 10.25
10 March 2008 10.26
11 March 2008 10.30
12 March 2008 10.32
13 March 2008 10.40
14 March 2008 10.42
17 March 2008 10.54
18 March 2008 10.46
19 March 2008 10.38
20 March 2008 10.41
21 March 2008 ND
24 March 2008 10.32
25 March 2008 10.26
26 March 2008 10.27
27 March 2008 10.26
28 March 2008 10.25
31 March 2008 10.36
1 April 2008 10.31
2 April 2008 10.29
3 April 2008 10.32
4 April 2008 10.18
7 April 2008 10.08
8 April 2008 10.08
9 April 2008 10.09
10 April 2008 10.11
11 April 2008 10.10
14 April 2008 10.12
15 April 2008 10.10
16 April 2008 10.04
17 April 2008 10.07
18 April 2008 9.94
21 April 2008 9.93
22 April 2008 9.90
23 April 2008 9.87
24 April 2008 9.86
25 April 2008 9.83
28 April 2008 9.79
29 April 2008 9.80
30 April 2008 9.72
1 May 2008 9.63
2 May 2008 9.62
5 May 2008 9.62
6 May 2008 9.68
7 May 2008 9.68
8 May 2008 9.71
9 May 2008 9.73
12 May 2008 9.75
13 May 2008 9.76
14 May 2008 9.74
15 May 2008 9.68
16 May 2008 9.67
19 May 2008 9.67
20 May 2008 9.67
21 May 2008 9.70
22 May 2008 9.76
23 May 2008 9.78
26 May 2008 ND
27 May 2008 9.80
28 May 2008 9.82
29 May 2008 9.85
30 May 2008 9.85
2 June 2008 9.79
3 June 2008 9.85
4 June 2008 9.86
5 June 2008 9.78
6 June 2008 9.78
9 June 2008 9.80
10 June 2008 9.85
11 June 2008 9.87
12 June 2008 9.89
13 June 2008 9.89
16 June 2008 9.92
17 June 2008 9.91
18 June 2008 9.90
19 June 2008 9.95
20 June 2008 10.00
23 June 2008 10.04
24 June 2008 10.13
25 June 2008 10.14
26 June 2008 10.24
27 June 2008 10.25
30 June 2008 10.22
1 July 2008 10.29
2 July 2008 10.31
3 July 2008 10.39
4 July 2008 ND
7 July 2008 10.37
8 July 2008 10.43
9 July 2008 10.39
10 July 2008 10.42
11 July 2008 10.52
14 July 2008 10.50
15 July 2008 10.55
16 July 2008 10.58
17 July 2008 10.47
18 July 2008 10.42
21 July 2008 10.34
22 July 2008 10.45
23 July 2008 10.40
24 July 2008 10.41
25 July 2008 10.44
28 July 2008 10.46
29 July 2008 10.46
30 July 2008 10.46
31 July 2008 10.53
1 August 2008 10.54
4 August 2008 10.57
5 August 2008 10.56
6 August 2008 10.57
7 August 2008 10.56
8 August 2008 10.58
11 August 2008 10.56
12 August 2008 10.53
13 August 2008 10.51
14 August 2008 10.52
15 August 2008 10.49
18 August 2008 10.51
19 August 2008 10.55
20 August 2008 10.57
21 August 2008 10.59
22 August 2008 10.60
25 August 2008 10.60
26 August 2008 10.60
27 August 2008 10.59
28 August 2008 10.58
29 August 2008 10.56
1 September 2008 ND
2 September 2008 10.71
3 September 2008 10.59
4 September 2008 10.60
5 September 2008 10.61
8 September 2008 10.59
9 September 2008 10.57
10 September 2008 10.62
11 September 2008 10.63
12 September 2008 10.66
15 September 2008 10.86
16 September 2008 11.00
17 September 2008 11.12
18 September 2008 11.23
19 September 2008 11.14
22 September 2008 11.17
23 September 2008 11.30
24 September 2008 11.46
25 September 2008 11.68
26 September 2008 11.14
29 September 2008 11.35
30 September 2008 11.75
1 October 2008 12.04
2 October 2008 13.83
3 October 2008 12.50
6 October 2008 12.24
7 October 2008 12.53
8 October 2008 13.15
9 October 2008 13.35
10 October 2008 14.68
13 October 2008 ND
14 October 2008 16.04
15 October 2008 17.05
16 October 2008 17.83
17 October 2008 14.87
20 October 2008 15.30
21 October 2008 14.94
22 October 2008 15.20
23 October 2008 15.32
24 October 2008 15.91
27 October 2008 15.45
28 October 2008 16.27
29 October 2008 16.38
30 October 2008 16.22
31 October 2008 15.70
3 November 2008 15.26
4 November 2008 16.73
5 November 2008 14.95
6 November 2008 15.15
7 November 2008 15.66
10 November 2008 15.96
11 November 2008 ND
12 November 2008 15.95
13 November 2008 16.24
14 November 2008 16.31
17 November 2008 15.84
18 November 2008 16.61
19 November 2008 17.85
20 November 2008 17.41
21 November 2008 17.56
24 November 2008 18.36
25 November 2008 17.90
26 November 2008 17.10
27 November 2008 ND
28 November 2008 17.76
1 December 2008 17.14
2 December 2008 17.21
3 December 2008 16.69
4 December 2008 17.89
5 December 2008 17.98
8 December 2008 17.59
9 December 2008 18.03
10 December 2008 18.33
11 December 2008 17.34
12 December 2008 19.66
15 December 2008* 18.30
16 December 2008* 17.50
17 December 2008 17.87
18 December 2008 17.58
19 December 2008 17.44
22 December 2008 17.10
23 December 2008 16.87
24 December 2008 16.30
25 December 2008 ND
26 December 2008 16.11
29 December 2008 16.02
30 December 2008 17.71
31 December 2008 17.67
1 January 2009 ND
2 January 2009 17.41
5 January 2009 15.30
6 January 2009 15.38
7 January 2009 14.54
8 January 2009 14.89
9 January 2009 15.76
12 January 2009 15.62
13 January 2009 15.12
14 January 2009 15.69
15 January 2009 14.52
16 January 2009 14.17
19 January 2009 ND
20 January 2009 15.84
21 January 2009 15.92
22 January 2009 15.95
23 January 2009 15.94
26 January 2009 15.87

* Dec. FOMC  Return to table

Note: Yield for 10-year bonds. Issuance shown at a monthly rate; January is month-to-date.

Issuance
(billions)
2008:Q3 $0.7
2008:Q4 $0.2
2009:Jan. $2.1

Exhibit 6
Business Investment and Finance (continued)

Top-left panel
Change in C&I Loans

Period Billions of dollars, monthly rate
2007 20.91
2008:H1 13.89
2008:Q3 20.63
2008:Q4 -4.82

Top-right panel
Commercial Banks Tightening Standards and Spreads on C&I Loans

Quarterly
Net percentage of respondents
Period Standards Spreads
1996:Q1 6.95 -30.65
1996:Q2 -0.90 -36.10
1996:Q3 -3.70 -28.75
1996:Q4 -7.80 -34.55
1997:Q1 -5.45 -33.25
1997:Q2 -6.95 -32.45
1997:Q3 -5.70 -38.50
1997:Q4 -7.00 -40.40
1998:Q1 1.80 -25.40
1998:Q2 -7.10 -34.00
1998:Q3 0.00 -14.30
1998:Q4 36.40 47.30
1999:Q1 7.40 31.40
1999:Q2 10.00 7.10
1999:Q3 5.40 21.50
1999:Q4 9.10 23.60
2000:Q1 10.90 25.00
2000:Q2 24.60 35.20
2000:Q3 33.90 35.80
2000:Q4 43.80 54.40
2001:Q1 59.70 57.10
2001:Q2 50.90 44.40
2001:Q3 40.40 50.80
2001:Q4 50.90 58.90
2002:Q1 45.40 40.00
2002:Q2 25.00 23.70
2002:Q3 21.40 41.10
2002:Q4 20.00 29.10
2003:Q1 22.00 27.10
2003:Q2 8.90 14.60
2003:Q3 3.50 -12.30
2003:Q4 0.00 -13.80
2004:Q1 -17.90 -26.80
2004:Q2 -23.20 -39.30
2004:Q3 -20.00 -30.80
2004:Q4 -21.10 -50.00
2005:Q1 -23.60 -45.50
2005:Q2 -24.10 -70.40
2005:Q3 -16.70 -46.30
2005:Q4 -8.80 -45.60
2006:Q1 -10.70 -42.50
2006:Q2 -12.30 -59.70
2006:Q3 -8.90 -41.80
2006:Q4 0.00 -29.60
2007:Q1 0.00 -44.60
2007:Q2 -3.70 -52.80
2007:Q3 7.50 -32.10
2007:Q4 19.20 34.60
2008:Q1 32.20 43.60
2008:Q2 55.40 71.00
2008:Q3 57.60 80.80
2008:Q4 83.60 98.20
January 2009 64.20 92.50

Middle-left panel
Vacancy Rates and Rents on Commercial Properties

Quarterly
Period Rents (Percent change from year earlier) Vacancy rates (Percent)
1992:Q1 ND 13.53
1992:Q2 ND 13.47
1992:Q3 ND 13.23
1992:Q4 -3.03 13.13
1993:Q1 -1.90 12.90
1993:Q2 -0.36 12.60
1993:Q3 0.56 12.40
1993:Q4 1.09 12.00
1994:Q1 1.48 11.83
1994:Q2 1.77 11.60
1994:Q3 2.54 11.27
1994:Q4 3.06 11.07
1995:Q1 3.30 10.83
1995:Q2 3.72 10.63
1995:Q3 4.44 10.43
1995:Q4 4.83 10.30
1996:Q1 5.30 10.27
1996:Q2 5.01 10.13
1996:Q3 4.68 10.03
1996:Q4 5.02 9.73
1997:Q1 4.63 9.50
1997:Q2 5.31 9.30
1997:Q3 5.65 8.93
1997:Q4 5.88 8.80
1998:Q1 6.58 8.67
1998:Q2 6.60 8.60
1998:Q3 6.07 8.50
1998:Q4 5.81 8.43
1999:Q1 5.43 8.63
1999:Q2 4.92 8.67
1999:Q3 5.53 8.67
1999:Q4 6.44 8.53
2000:Q1 7.28 8.27
2000:Q2 8.68 7.87
2000:Q3 7.67 7.87
2000:Q4 6.90 8.00
2001:Q1 5.42 8.67
2001:Q2 2.96 9.57
2001:Q3 0.95 10.40
2001:Q4 -1.12 11.20
2002:Q1 -2.44 11.83
2002:Q2 -3.39 12.13
2002:Q3 -2.88 12.37
2002:Q4 -3.01 12.57
2003:Q1 -3.07 12.70
2003:Q2 -2.82 12.80
2003:Q3 -2.83 12.67
2003:Q4 -2.46 12.60
2004:Q1 -2.05 12.40
2004:Q2 -1.24 12.10
2004:Q3 -0.53 11.80
2004:Q4 0.11 11.50
2005:Q1 1.46 11.27
2005:Q2 2.32 10.87
2005:Q3 2.86 10.57
2005:Q4 3.74 10.30
2006:Q1 4.22 10.23
2006:Q2 4.63 10.13
2006:Q3 5.26 10.00
2006:Q4 5.89 9.93
2007:Q1 6.19 10.03
2007:Q2 5.84 10.10
2007:Q3 6.34 10.10
2007:Q4 5.55 10.27
2008:Q1 4.29 10.57
2008:Q2 3.27 10.93
2008:Q3 1.41 11.30
2008:Q4* ND 12.00

* Preliminary  Return to table

Note: Average of series for office, industrial, and retail properties.

Source: Torto Wheaton.

Middle-right panel
Prices of Commercial Properties

Quarterly
Index, 1996:Q4 = 100
Period Index
1994:Q1 97.52
1994:Q2 97.48
1994:Q3 99.75
1994:Q4 97.52
1995:Q1 98.04
1995:Q2 98.83
1995:Q3 100.10
1995:Q4 100.80
1996:Q1 99.25
1996:Q2 101.28
1996:Q3 102.64
1996:Q4 104.98
1997:Q1 107.97
1997:Q2 112.44
1997:Q3 118.90
1997:Q4 126.05
1998:Q1 126.85
1998:Q2 130.22
1998:Q3 128.86
1998:Q4 129.73
1999:Q1 132.05
1999:Q2 130.44
1999:Q3 132.10
1999:Q4 132.51
2000:Q1 130.83
2000:Q2 132.63
2000:Q3 135.32
2000:Q4 133.39
2001:Q1 134.57
2001:Q2 136.32
2001:Q3 135.82
2001:Q4 132.40
2002:Q1 132.55
2002:Q2 132.72
2002:Q3 138.37
2002:Q4 142.23
2003:Q1 140.30
2003:Q2 144.68
2003:Q3 145.41
2003:Q4 148.88
2004:Q1 151.58
2004:Q2 159.29
2004:Q3 162.13
2004:Q4 166.46
2005:Q1 165.10
2005:Q2 196.97
2005:Q3 204.60
2005:Q4 210.48
2006:Q1 222.32
2006:Q2 225.86
2006:Q3 230.86
2006:Q4 244.37
2007:Q1 250.06
2007:Q2 261.98
2007:Q3 258.76
2007:Q4 244.54
2008:Q1 247.69
2008:Q2 235.66
2008:Q3 232.82
Forecast
2008:Q4 213.49
2009:Q1 202.28
2009:Q2 196.92
2009:Q3 193.08
2009:Q4 189.41
2010:Q1 186.95
2010:Q2 185.27
2010:Q3 184.34
2010:Q4 184.64

Note: Index based on sales of properties in NCREIF portfolio.

Bottom-left panel
Delinquency Rates on Commercial Mortgages

Percent
Period At life insurance companies At commercial banks*
1996:Q1 2.35 3.35
1996:Q2 2.59 3.20
1996:Q3 2.51 3.09
1996:Q4 1.79 2.86
1997:Q1 1.63 2.63
1997:Q2 1.56 2.39
1997:Q3 1.33 2.27
1997:Q4 0.90 2.23
1998:Q1 0.85 2.14
1998:Q2 0.80 2.04
1998:Q3 0.57 1.97
1998:Q4 0.48 2.01
1999:Q1 0.47 1.88
1999:Q2 0.30 1.83
1999:Q3 0.31 1.57
1999:Q4 0.25 1.46
2000:Q1 0.36 1.51
2000:Q2 0.30 1.44
2000:Q3 0.27 1.48
2000:Q4 0.28 1.52
2001:Q1 0.31 1.60
2001:Q2 0.24 1.72
2001:Q3 0.19 1.92
2001:Q4 0.12 1.93
2002:Q1 0.22 1.78
2002:Q2 0.27 1.76
2002:Q3 0.23 1.69
2002:Q4 0.28 1.61
2003:Q1 0.29 1.67
2003:Q2 0.24 1.61
2003:Q3 0.18 1.48
2003:Q4 0.12 1.40
2004:Q1 0.14 1.25
2004:Q2 0.14 1.26
2004:Q3 0.14 1.19
2004:Q4 0.08 1.10
2005:Q1 0.07 1.12
2005:Q2 0.17 1.06
2005:Q3 0.15 1.08
2005:Q4 0.05 1.03
2006:Q1 0.04 1.01
2006:Q2 0.04 1.03
2006:Q3 0.04 1.14
2006:Q4 0.02 1.31
2007:Q1 0.03 1.42
2007:Q2 0.01 1.65
2007:Q3 0.03 1.99
2007:Q4 0.01 2.73
2008:Q1 0.01 3.46
2008:Q2 0.03 4.22
2008:Q3 0.06 4.72

* Excluding farmland.  Return to table

Percent
Period CMBS
January 1999 0.40
February 1999 0.41
March 1999 0.32
April 1999 0.31
May 1999 0.41
June 1999 0.42
July 1999 0.46
August 1999 0.45
September 1999 0.45
October 1999 0.42
November 1999 0.49
December 1999 0.49
January 2000 0.52
February 2000 0.56
March 2000 0.59
April 2000 0.58
May 2000 0.63
June 2000 0.55
July 2000 0.58
August 2000 0.58
September 2000 0.64
October 2000 0.58
November 2000 0.53
December 2000 0.67
January 2001 0.73
February 2001 0.81
March 2001 0.91
April 2001 0.83
May 2001 0.87
June 2001 0.82
July 2001 0.82
August 2001 0.86
September 2001 0.90
October 2001 0.98
November 2001 1.26
December 2001 1.25
January 2002 1.36
February 2002 1.42
March 2002 1.48
April 2002 1.48
May 2002 1.44
June 2002 1.55
July 2002 1.55
August 2002 1.55
September 2002 1.54
October 2002 1.46
November 2002 1.49
December 2002 1.49
January 2003 1.62
February 2003 1.65
March 2003 1.64
April 2003 1.65
May 2003 1.70
June 2003 1.72
July 2003 1.76
August 2003 1.77
September 2003 1.78
October 2003 1.93
November 2003 1.88
December 2003 1.85
January 2004 1.86
February 2004 1.84
March 2004 1.76
April 2004 1.63
May 2004 1.62
June 2004 1.58
July 2004 1.45
August 2004 1.36
September 2004 1.36
October 2004 1.33
November 2004 1.32
December 2004 1.32
January 2005 1.26
February 2005 1.22
March 2005 1.12
April 2005 1.09
May 2005 1.02
June 2005 0.96
July 2005 0.96
August 2005 0.89
September 2005 0.87
October 2005 1.00
November 2005 0.92
December 2005 0.87
January 2006 0.74
February 2006 0.68
March 2006 0.62
April 2006 0.62
May 2006 0.60
June 2006 0.61
July 2006 0.55
August 2006 0.49
September 2006 0.50
October 2006 0.46
November 2006 0.42
December 2006 0.43
January 2007 0.37
February 2007 0.35
March 2007 0.32
April 2007 0.33
May 2007 0.39
June 2007 0.31
July 2007 0.29
August 2007 0.31
September 2007 0.33
October 2007 0.39
November 2007 0.32
December 2007 0.36
January 2008 0.40
February 2008 0.38
March 2008 0.38
April 2008 0.47
May 2008 0.47
June 2008 0.44
July 2008 0.49
August 2008 0.51
September 2008 0.52
October 2008 0.69
November 2008 0.86
December 2008 1.10

Source: Citigroup; Call Report; ACLI.

Bottom-right panel
Implications of Shutdown in the CMBS Market

Should add to the pressure on banks' balance sheets and thereby Indirectly damp structures spending:

  • Market will not be able to help refinance construction loans coming due.
  • Loans currently within CMBS coming due will need financing from alternative sources.

Exhibit 7
Business Cycle Dynamics

Top-left panel
Real GDP: Cyclical Comparison

Index, Real GDP peak = 100
Quarters 1973:Q4 1981:Q3 2008:Q2
Peak 100.00 100.00 100.00
1 99.13 98.75 99.87
2 99.42 97.13 98.62
3 98.46 97.66 97.22
4 98.07 97.29 96.90
5 96.90 97.37 97.33
6 97.61 98.57 97.84
7 99.26 100.80 98.39
8 100.56 102.79 98.97
9 102.82 104.89 99.63
10 103.59 106.94 100.40
11 104.09 108.78 101.72

Top-right panel
Recession and Recovery

  • Contraction in real GDP is in line with big postwar recessions.
  • Projected recovery is more sluggish.

Middle-left panel
Financial Crises and Economic Downturns

  • Downturns linked to major financial crises tend to be severe.
  • Average stepdown in real GDP growth after five major postwar financial crises was about 5 percentage points.
  • For U.S., our forecast implies a stepdown of 3½ percentage points.

Middle-right panel
Economic Growth Before and After Onset*

Percent change, annual rate
Five major crises U.S. current episode
Four years before 3.6 3.0
Worst two years -1.5 -0.6

* As identified by Reinhart and Rogoff; includes Spain (1977), Norway (1987), Finland (1991), Sweden (1991), and Japan (1992). Onset of U.S. crisis dated to 2007.  Return to text

Alternative Simulation: More Financial Stress

Note: Shading denotes 70% confidence intervals.

Bottom-left panel
Real GDP
Four-quarter percent change
Period Baseline More financial stress Confidence interval
2007:Q1 1.25 ND ND
2007:Q2 1.77 ND ND
2007:Q3 2.75 ND ND
2007:Q4 2.33 ND ND
2008:Q1 2.54 ND ND
2008:Q2 2.05 ND ND
2008:Q3 0.75 ND ND
2008:Q4 -0.48 -0.48 -0.48 - -0.48
2009:Q1 -2.10 -2.28 -2.62 - -1.62
2009:Q2 -3.10 -3.62 -3.76 - -2.41
2009:Q3 -2.55 -3.58 -3.42 - -1.67
2009:Q4 -0.79 -2.44 -1.87 - 0.23
2010:Q1 1.20 -0.89 0.05 - 2.29
2010:Q2 2.13 -0.19 0.87 - 3.20
2010:Q3 2.36 0.11 1.09 - 3.49
2010:Q4 2.61 0.62 1.28 - 3.77
2011:Q1 3.39 1.69 2.00 - 4.56
2011:Q2 4.06 2.71 2.64 - 5.27
2011:Q3 4.59 3.58 3.14 - 5.79
2011:Q4 4.87 4.13 3.37 - 6.10
2012:Q1 4.73 4.25 3.21 - 5.98
2012:Q2 4.76 4.48 3.19 - 6.05
2012:Q3 4.91 4.78 3.36 - 6.22
2012:Q4 5.29 5.23 3.70 - 6.59
2013:Q1 5.52 5.49 3.88 - 6.87
2013:Q2 5.55 5.56 3.95 - 6.84
2013:Q3 5.37 5.45 3.79 - 6.71
2013:Q4 4.97 5.21 3.48 - 6.37

Bottom-center panel
Unemployment Rate
Percent
Period Baseline More financial stress Confidence interval
2007:Q1 4.49 ND ND
2007:Q2 4.52 ND ND
2007:Q3 4.67 ND ND
2007:Q4 4.78 ND ND
2008:Q1 4.95 ND ND
2008:Q2 5.38 ND ND
2008:Q3 6.05 ND ND
2008:Q4 6.86 6.86 6.86 - 6.86
2009:Q1 7.70 7.73 7.54 - 7.86
2009:Q2 8.16 8.28 7.91 - 8.40
2009:Q3 8.33 8.59 8.02 - 8.65
2009:Q4 8.42 8.87 8.06 - 8.80
2010:Q1 8.46 9.12 8.06 - 8.89
2010:Q2 8.41 9.28 7.99 - 8.90
2010:Q3 8.21 9.27 7.76 - 8.75
2010:Q4 8.10 9.32 7.62 - 8.67
2011:Q1 7.55 8.90 7.06 - 8.15
2011:Q2 7.27 8.71 6.77 - 7.91
2011:Q3 6.99 8.49 6.49 - 7.67
2011:Q4 6.74 8.27 6.23 - 7.46
2012:Q1 6.37 7.90 5.85 - 7.13
2012:Q2 6.10 7.61 5.58 - 6.89
2012:Q3 5.81 7.28 5.29 - 6.63
2012:Q4 5.50 6.94 4.96 - 6.34
2013:Q1 5.18 6.58 4.63 - 6.06
2013:Q2 4.88 6.23 4.31 - 5.78
2013:Q3 4.62 5.90 4.05 - 5.54
2013:Q4 4.41 5.61 3.86 - 5.33

Bottom-right panel
Core PCE Prices
Four-quarter percent change
Period Baseline More financial stress Confidence interval
2007:Q1 2.35 ND ND
2007:Q2 2.07 ND ND
2007:Q3 2.01 ND ND
2007:Q4 2.20 ND ND
2008:Q1 2.18 ND ND
2008:Q2 2.26 ND ND
2008:Q3 2.34 ND ND
2008:Q4 1.85 1.85 1.85 - 1.85
2009:Q1 1.48 1.48 1.34 - 1.63
2009:Q2 1.33 1.32 1.11 - 1.54
2009:Q3 0.96 0.93 0.67 - 1.24
2009:Q4 1.02 0.94 0.64 - 1.38
2010:Q1 1.03 0.86 0.58 - 1.43
2010:Q2 0.84 0.57 0.33 - 1.28
2010:Q3 0.79 0.40 0.24 - 1.28
2010:Q4 0.78 0.27 0.19 - 1.28
2011:Q1 0.75 0.13 0.12 - 1.28
2011:Q2 0.72 0.01 0.06 - 1.26
2011:Q3 0.68 -0.09 -0.01 - 1.23
2011:Q4 0.65 -0.15 -0.08 - 1.22
2012:Q1 0.62 -0.18 -0.14 - 1.23
2012:Q2 0.61 -0.19 -0.18 - 1.22
2012:Q3 0.60 -0.22 -0.21 - 1.21
2012:Q4 0.60 -0.25 -0.25 - 1.23
2013:Q1 0.62 -0.29 -0.27 - 1.25
2013:Q2 0.64 -0.32 -0.27 - 1.29
2013:Q3 0.67 -0.33 -0.24 - 1.32
2013:Q4 0.71 -0.31 -0.20 - 1.37

Exhibit 8
Labor Productivity and Inflation

Top panels
Labor Productivity

Left panel
Chained 2000 dollars per hour
Period Actual Trend
1972:Q1 24.12 24.15
1972:Q2 24.60 24.31
1972:Q3 24.74 24.48
1972:Q4 24.94 24.64
1973:Q1 25.51 24.80
1973:Q2 25.53 24.97
1973:Q3 25.30 25.13
1973:Q4 25.14 25.30
1974:Q1 25.11 25.38
1974:Q2 25.05 25.46
1974:Q3 24.78 25.54
1974:Q4 25.03 25.62
1975:Q1 25.22 25.70
1975:Q2 25.63 25.78
1975:Q3 25.91 25.86
1975:Q4 25.91 25.94
1976:Q1 26.29 26.02
1976:Q2 26.54 26.11
1976:Q3 26.57 26.19
1976:Q4 26.65 26.27
1977:Q1 26.79 26.35
1977:Q2 26.92 26.44
1977:Q3 27.20 26.52
1977:Q4 26.83 26.60
1978:Q1 26.84 26.70
1978:Q2 27.38 26.80
1978:Q3 27.37 26.89
1978:Q4 27.53 26.99
1979:Q1 27.27 27.09
1979:Q2 27.20 27.18
1979:Q3 27.16 27.28
1979:Q4 27.13 27.38
1980:Q1 27.24 27.48
1980:Q2 26.93 27.58
1980:Q3 27.04 27.68
1980:Q4 27.33 27.78
1981:Q1 27.75 27.88
1981:Q2 27.39 27.98
1981:Q3 27.63 28.08
1981:Q4 27.28 28.18
1982:Q1 27.10 28.28
1982:Q2 27.15 28.38
1982:Q3 27.20 28.48
1982:Q4 27.43 28.59
1983:Q1 27.78 28.69
1983:Q2 28.43 28.79
1983:Q3 28.70 28.90
1983:Q4 28.83 29.00
1984:Q1 28.80 29.11
1984:Q2 28.98 29.21
1984:Q3 29.10 29.32
1984:Q4 29.13 29.42
1985:Q1 29.17 29.53
1985:Q2 29.24 29.63
1985:Q3 29.62 29.74
1985:Q4 29.76 29.85
1986:Q1 30.14 29.96
1986:Q2 30.37 30.06
1986:Q3 30.50 30.17
1986:Q4 30.42 30.28
1987:Q1 30.27 30.39
1987:Q2 30.50 30.50
1987:Q3 30.50 30.61
1987:Q4 30.78 30.72
1988:Q1 30.85 30.92
1988:Q2 30.95 31.03
1988:Q3 31.04 31.15
1988:Q4 31.22 31.26
1989:Q1 31.10 31.37
1989:Q2 31.18 31.48
1989:Q3 31.33 31.60
1989:Q4 31.38 31.71
1990:Q1 31.67 31.83
1990:Q2 31.88 31.94
1990:Q3 32.00 32.05
1990:Q4 31.76 32.17
1991:Q1 31.84 32.29
1991:Q2 32.30 32.40
1991:Q3 32.53 32.52
1991:Q4 32.73 32.64
1992:Q1 33.27 32.75
1992:Q2 33.50 32.87
1992:Q3 33.82 32.99
1992:Q4 34.10 33.11
1993:Q1 33.83 33.23
1993:Q2 33.64 33.35
1993:Q3 33.77 33.47
1993:Q4 34.02 33.59
1994:Q1 34.25 33.71
1994:Q2 34.21 33.83
1994:Q3 33.99 33.95
1994:Q4 34.33 34.08
1995:Q1 34.22 34.20
1995:Q2 34.27 34.32
1995:Q3 34.31 34.49
1995:Q4 34.60 34.65
1996:Q1 34.93 34.83
1996:Q2 35.29 35.01
1996:Q3 35.39 35.18
1996:Q4 35.44 35.36
1997:Q1 35.32 35.57
1997:Q2 35.75 35.79
1997:Q3 36.06 36.00
1997:Q4 36.20 36.21
1998:Q1 36.49 36.45
1998:Q2 36.60 36.68
1998:Q3 37.01 36.92
1998:Q4 37.20 37.16
1999:Q1 37.53 37.42
1999:Q2 37.62 37.68
1999:Q3 37.88 37.94
1999:Q4 38.53 38.21
2000:Q1 38.36 38.47
2000:Q2 39.04 38.73
2000:Q3 38.97 38.99
2000:Q4 39.34 39.25
2001:Q1 39.30 39.59
2001:Q2 39.83 39.94
2001:Q3 40.02 40.28
2001:Q4 40.60 40.63
2002:Q1 41.32 40.94
2002:Q2 41.38 41.24
2002:Q3 41.83 41.54
2002:Q4 41.79 41.85

Shaded bars indicate periods of business recession as defined by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER): November 1973-March 1975, January 1980-July 1980, July 1981-November 1982, July 1990-March 1991, March 2001-November 2001.

Right panel
Chained 2000 dollars per hour
Period Actual Trend
2003:Q1 42.16 42.15
2003:Q2 42.74 42.45
2003:Q3 43.80 42.75
2003:Q4 43.77 43.06
2004:Q1 43.87 43.30
2004:Q2 44.35 43.54
2004:Q3 44.47 43.79
2004:Q4 44.53 44.03
2005:Q1 44.89 44.24
2005:Q2 44.92 44.46
2005:Q3 45.33 44.67
2005:Q4 45.20 44.88
2006:Q1 45.49 45.10
2006:Q2 45.69 45.32
2006:Q3 45.45 45.54
2006:Q4 45.47 45.76
2007:Q1 45.47 46.00
2007:Q2 45.93 46.23
2007:Q3 46.58 46.47
2007:Q4 46.68 46.71
2008:Q1 46.98 46.93
2008:Q2 47.40 47.16
2008:Q3 47.58 47.38
Forecast
2008:Q4 47.78 47.61
2009:Q1 47.38 47.81
2009:Q2 47.45 48.01
2009:Q3 47.85 48.21
2009:Q4 48.29 48.41
2010:Q1 48.59 48.61
2010:Q2 48.82 48.82
2010:Q3 49.02 49.02
2010:Q4 49.26 49.23

A shaded bar indicates the NBER Peak in December 2007.

Middle-left panel
Productivity Dynamics

  • In some earlier recessions labor productivity was procyclical.
  • Procyclicality not observed during the 2001 recession.
  • In the current episode, labor productivity expected to exhibit some procyclicality, as the deep recession leads to some labor hoarding.

Middle-right panel
Unemployment Rate

Percent
Period Unemployment Rate Dec. GB NAIRU
2005:Q1 5.28 5.27 4.85
2005:Q2 5.12 5.11 4.83
2005:Q3 4.97 4.98 4.85
2005:Q4 4.94 4.94 4.83
2006:Q1 4.71 4.71 4.82
2006:Q2 4.68 4.67 4.83
2006:Q3 4.65 4.66 4.81
2006:Q4 4.43 4.44 4.82
2007:Q1 4.50 4.50 4.82
2007:Q2 4.53 4.51 4.80
2007:Q3 4.67 4.68 4.78
2007:Q4 4.78 4.80 4.78
2008:Q1 4.94 4.94 4.77
2008:Q2 5.37 5.32 4.75
2008:Q3 6.05 5.95 4.75
Forecast
2008:Q4 6.86 6.74 4.75
2009:Q1 7.70 7.52 4.76
2009:Q2 8.16 7.83 4.76
2009:Q3 8.33 7.98 4.76
2009:Q4 8.42 8.08 4.76
2010:Q1 8.46 8.28 4.76
2010:Q2 8.41 8.29 4.76
2010:Q3 8.21 8.20 4.76
2010:Q4 8.10 8.17 4.76

Bottom-left panel
PCE Energy Prices

Period Four-quarter percent change
2005:Q1 13.06
2005:Q2 9.03
2005:Q3 23.72
2005:Q4 23.10
2006:Q1 20.40
2006:Q2 21.71
2006:Q3 9.81
2006:Q4 -3.98
2007:Q1 0.47
2007:Q2 4.05
2007:Q3 1.23
2007:Q4 19.08
2008:Q1 20.05
2008:Q2 19.69
2008:Q3 27.47
Forecast
2008:Q4 -9.77
2009:Q1 -25.74
2009:Q2 -28.63
2009:Q3 -31.84
2009:Q4 -8.81
2010:Q1 7.88
2010:Q2 7.12
2010:Q3 5.86
2010:Q4 5.21

Bottom-right panel
PCE Price Projections

(Percent change, Q4/Q4)
2008 2009 2010
1. PCE price index   1.7 0.6 1.1
2. Dec. GB (1.9) (0.7) (1.0)
3. Core PCE 1.9 1.0 0.8
4. Dec. GB (2.0) (1.1) (0.8)

Exhibit 9
An Unconventional Policy: Large-Scale Asset Purchases

Top-left panel
Unemployment Rate

Percent
Period Baseline Unconstrained Asset purchase (LSAP)
2008:Q1 4.95 ND ND
2008:Q2 5.38 ND ND
2008:Q3 6.05 ND ND
2008:Q4 6.86 ND ND
Forecast
2009:Q1 7.70 7.70 7.70
2009:Q2 8.16 8.14 8.14
2009:Q3 8.33 8.26 8.27
2009:Q4 8.42 8.25 8.30
2010:Q1 8.46 8.16 8.28
2010:Q2 8.41 7.97 8.18
2010:Q3 8.21 7.61 7.90
2010:Q4 8.10 7.35 7.72
2011:Q1 7.55 6.67 7.11
2011:Q2 7.27 6.29 6.76
2011:Q3 6.99 5.94 6.41
2011:Q4 6.74 5.65 6.08
2012:Q1 6.37 5.27 5.62
2012:Q2 6.10 5.04 5.27
2012:Q3 5.81 4.82 4.92
2012:Q4 5.50 4.62 4.57

Top-right panel
Core PCE Prices

Four-quarter percent change
Period Baseline Unconstrained Asset purchase (LSAP)
2008:Q1 2.18 ND ND
2008:Q2 2.26 ND ND
2008:Q3 2.34 ND ND
2008:Q4 1.85 1.85 1.85
Forecast
2009:Q1 1.48 1.50 1.52
2009:Q2 1.33 1.41 1.39
2009:Q3 0.96 1.14 1.06
2009:Q4 1.02 1.31 1.14
2010:Q1 1.03 1.44 1.14
2010:Q2 0.84 1.35 0.97
2010:Q3 0.79 1.38 0.94
2010:Q4 0.78 1.43 0.95
2011:Q1 0.75 1.45 0.95
2011:Q2 0.72 1.43 0.94
2011:Q3 0.68 1.40 0.93
2011:Q4 0.65 1.35 0.93
2012:Q1 0.62 1.31 0.94
2012:Q2 0.61 1.26 0.95
2012:Q3 0.60 1.22 0.94
2012:Q4 0.60 1.18 0.93

Middle-left panel
Assumptions Behind a Successful LSAP Program

  • Imperfect substitutability of long- and short-term debt.
  • Sufficient substitutability among long-term fixed-income securities.
  • Usual linkages to equity and foreign exchange markets.

Middle-right panel
Simulation Assumptions

The Program:

  • $500 billion in MBS debt plus $500 billion in Treasury securities.
  • On top of existing programs.
  • Announced immediately, carried out over next year and a half.

Financial Effects:

  • Reduces mortgage rates: 125 b.p.
  • Reduces Treasury rates: 80 b.p.
  • Reduces Baa rate: 75 b.p.

Bottom panel
Caveats, Financial and Macroeconomic

Financial:

  • Direct effects on interest rates are uncertain
  • Current dysfunction in some financial markets could limit indirect effects
  • Could be economies--or diseconomies--of scale in the size of the program
  • LSAPS introduce tricky "exit issues" on how to unwind the program

Macroeconomic:

  • The model may understate--or overstate--the macroeconomic outcomes
  • Heavy reliance on mortgage rates and housing to drive economic recovery

Exhibit 10
Global Financial Markets

Top-left panel
Equity Prices

Weekly
Index, Jun. 3, 2008 = 100
Period United Kingdom Euro area Japan Emerging markets
3 June 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
10 June 2008 96.22 95.51 98.68 96.67
17 June 2008 96.84 95.07 100.98 93.81
24 June 2008 92.89 90.30 97.47 91.05
1 July 2008 90.32 87.11 94.75 90.01
8 July 2008 89.19 86.05 91.72 ND
15 July 2008 85.07 82.08 89.76 86.36
22 July 2008 88.72 87.05 92.79 86.23
29 July 2008 87.76 86.41 92.61 84.82
5 August 2008 90.14 87.77 90.89 83.49
12 August 2008 91.57 89.76 93.63 82.02
19 August 2008 87.95 85.89 90.54 79.49
26 August 2008 90.45 86.52 89.93 78.68
2 September 2008 93.13 89.62 88.74 77.39
9 September 2008 89.66 85.45 87.27 74.73
16 September 2008 83.12 81.03 81.71 68.34
23 September 2008 84.77 81.75 85.09 70.75
30 September 2008 80.69 78.21 79.24 64.17
7 October 2008 75.82 72.64 71.47 55.57
14 October 2008 72.36 70.40 66.49 52.63
21 October 2008 69.17 66.07 65.49 48.90
28 October 2008 63.87 59.56 53.64 37.62
4 November 2008 75.52 70.03 64.15 48.38
11 November 2008 69.37 63.41 62.00 48.27
18 November 2008 68.23 60.66 58.61 43.06
25 November 2008 67.58 60.27 58.58 40.20
2 December 2008 66.91 59.59 55.34 42.51
9 December 2008 71.01 62.16 59.09 44.47
16 December 2008 70.08 61.46 60.30 46.59
23 December 2008 69.36 60.10 61.40 46.97
30 December 2008 71.54 61.66 62.35 46.16
6 January 2009 75.62 65.16 63.91 49.59
13 January 2009 71.74 61.26 59.21 45.81
20 January 2009 66.78 56.15 56.76 44.20
27 January 2009 68.42 56.82 56.73 42.71

The December 15-16, 2008 FOMC meeting is marked with a vertical line.

Top-right panel
Bank Equity Prices

Weekly
Index, Jun. 3, 2008 = 100
Period United Kingdom Euro area Japan Emerging markets
3 June 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
10 June 2008 94.00 93.26 98.07 96.04
17 June 2008 95.12 93.98 97.86 93.67
24 June 2008 89.05 87.92 91.86 90.46
1 July 2008 83.33 82.55 90.88 88.65
8 July 2008 82.35 81.07 88.04 86.05
15 July 2008 76.94 76.81 85.28 87.06
22 July 2008 88.12 84.64 88.37 90.53
29 July 2008 88.91 84.75 87.20 91.01
5 August 2008 95.84 88.09 86.07 90.97
12 August 2008 97.51 89.72 85.06 90.74
19 August 2008 88.05 82.91 80.83 86.11
26 August 2008 89.70 81.87 79.76 85.01
2 September 2008 96.72 87.52 77.17 84.27
9 September 2008 98.15 87.32 78.91 83.96
16 September 2008 84.87 76.87 75.33 75.88
23 September 2008 89.19 80.52 80.90 76.98
30 September 2008 84.86 75.23 77.09 70.38
7 October 2008 76.55 74.32 69.22 61.81
14 October 2008 69.48 67.45 69.96 58.14
21 October 2008 66.65 60.67 71.92 52.12
28 October 2008 53.73 45.64 56.18 40.31
4 November 2008 64.50 60.63 66.60 51.68
11 November 2008 56.66 51.71 66.22 52.33
18 November 2008 52.38 45.08 61.95 46.57
25 November 2008 55.08 44.52 62.22 43.08
2 December 2008 55.44 44.86 58.80 46.61
9 December 2008 60.00 47.75 59.81 49.75
16 December 2008 54.23 45.78 62.25 50.56
23 December 2008 48.80 43.41 65.99 51.47
30 December 2008 51.31 44.67 66.92 49.97
6 January 2009 53.52 47.77 66.43 53.69
13 January 2009 52.10 44.55 61.50 48.37
20 January 2009 33.82 35.19 61.14 45.72
27 January 2009 38.75 37.28 62.52 43.23

Middle-left panel
3-Month LIBOR-OIS Spreads

Daily
Basis points
Date Dollar Euro Sterling
2 June 2008 67.38 78.66 80.36
3 June 2008 67.26 78.83 80.01
4 June 2008 65.64 79.04 79.71
5 June 2008 66.44 78.39 80.46
6 June 2008 67.86 77.50 79.10
9 June 2008 63.63 76.73 78.53
10 June 2008 68.93 75.54 80.05
11 June 2008 70.61 ND ND
12 June 2008 62.78 74.25 81.70
13 June 2008 67.88 73.84 78.68
16 June 2008 65.30 73.01 80.12
17 June 2008 70.83 72.28 82.60
18 June 2008 71.20 69.88 81.04
19 June 2008 70.73 69.94 75.70
20 June 2008 70.74 69.34 76.20
23 June 2008 70.84 69.26 78.19
24 June 2008 71.39 69.95 78.15
25 June 2008 72.81 69.30 78.49
26 June 2008 73.36 68.74 80.98
27 June 2008 72.43 68.53 79.80
30 June 2008 70.76 67.04 78.63
1 July 2008 71.85 65.54 77.80
2 July 2008 71.43 64.09 78.09
3 July 2008 73.23 62.41 78.05
4 July 2008 73.09 64.49 77.73
7 July 2008 73.43 63.94 77.28
8 July 2008 73.15 64.56 76.39
9 July 2008 73.64 64.31 73.60
10 July 2008 72.76 63.99 73.66
11 July 2008 73.41 64.04 73.28
14 July 2008 74.46 64.15 73.63
15 July 2008 76.19 64.41 74.39
16 July 2008 74.75 64.21 73.18
17 July 2008 74.63 64.31 71.00
18 July 2008 72.96 63.91 70.60
21 July 2008 74.99 62.01 69.04
22 July 2008 73.43 61.85 68.89
23 July 2008 72.45 61.04 65.50
24 July 2008 73.50 61.29 67.48
25 July 2008 72.46 62.56 68.01
28 July 2008 74.43 62.25 66.01
29 July 2008 72.48 62.39 65.04
30 July 2008 73.91 62.11 66.24
31 July 2008 73.68 62.00 65.51
1 August 2008 72.99 61.61 64.40
4 August 2008 74.26 62.15 65.18
5 August 2008 75.04 62.24 65.50
6 August 2008 75.50 61.94 67.85
7 August 2008 76.10 62.48 67.63
8 August 2008 76.48 64.16 70.35
11 August 2008 75.93 63.19 69.23
12 August 2008 76.29 63.14 69.18
13 August 2008 76.34 63.16 72.46
14 August 2008 77.09 62.98 74.56
15 August 2008 77.43 63.31 75.32
18 August 2008 77.75 63.08 76.55
19 August 2008 78.03 63.39 76.51
20 August 2008 78.19 63.31 75.86
21 August 2008 77.66 62.89 75.90
22 August 2008 76.65 62.99 75.38
25 August 2008 ND 63.11 ND
26 August 2008 77.89 63.25 75.09
27 August 2008 77.05 63.50 76.04
28 August 2008 77.20 63.94 75.49
29 August 2008 78.21 63.84 76.26
1 September 2008 77.95 63.49 79.78
2 September 2008 78.76 62.69 79.94
3 September 2008 79.63 62.91 80.24
4 September 2008 78.75 62.93 80.48
5 September 2008 80.64 63.30 79.44
8 September 2008 81.14 63.10 78.75
9 September 2008 82.81 62.65 77.69
10 September 2008 84.73 62.71 76.84
11 September 2008 84.08 62.69 76.35
12 September 2008 86.58 63.14 75.48
15 September 2008 105.38 69.66 81.85
16 September 2008 101.33 72.93 90.13
17 September 2008 132.35 72.23 94.13
18 September 2008 138.78 78.95 117.75
19 September 2008 127.50 74.58 116.90
22 September 2008 129.05 76.65 117.50
23 September 2008 136.53 79.55 126.25
24 September 2008 166.53 83.40 149.70
25 September 2008 196.58 90.83 153.03
26 September 2008 207.59 95.08 148.40
29 September 2008 232.20 112.45 153.03
30 September 2008 231.90 124.98 159.40
1 October 2008 251.05 116.45 164.90
2 October 2008 270.25 122.10 164.80
3 October 2008 288.73 136.15 172.30
6 October 2008 287.83 142.40 172.60
7 October 2008 288.80 153.38 193.08
8 October 2008 324.73 162.88 199.08
9 October 2008 354.20 174.88 206.78
10 October 2008 364.43 185.93 218.75
13 October 2008 353.65 181.98 215.65
14 October 2008 344.50 167.90 203.88
15 October 2008 345.30 166.55 199.90
16 October 2008 339.50 173.58 203.65
17 October 2008 329.98 166.50 208.90
20 October 2008 290.33 163.28 206.98
21 October 2008 278.08 162.48 206.60
22 October 2008 253.43 158.90 217.63
23 October 2008 254.35 170.00 216.70
24 October 2008 260.83 181.45 234.65
27 October 2008 262.60 188.51 231.98
28 October 2008 261.65 181.90 231.50
29 October 2008 264.15 182.35 227.43
30 October 2008 254.20 180.78 226.18
31 October 2008 238.73 184.38 226.88
3 November 2008 222.78 178.85 228.13
4 November 2008 212.73 179.93 225.20
5 November 2008 192.48 176.43 232.70
6 November 2008 183.30 179.83 232.18
7 November 2008 175.80 170.15 244.63
10 November 2008 174.00 161.03 191.88
11 November 2008 171.70 159.83 188.35
12 November 2008 165.90 166.68 192.12
13 November 2008 159.83 165.33 206.65
14 November 2008 173.18 164.08 210.78
17 November 2008 175.53 162.70 211.60
18 November 2008 176.00 165.78 216.78
19 November 2008 172.05 165.60 218.25
20 November 2008 174.46 168.60 222.88
21 November 2008 169.90 171.28 228.51
24 November 2008 168.38 171.93 223.15
25 November 2008 177.68 165.05 222.83
26 November 2008 177.23 164.23 227.98
27 November 2008 178.30 163.83 218.48
28 November 2008 178.19 166.63 222.50
1 December 2008 182.80 165.83 230.78
2 December 2008 184.25 162.20 241.93
3 December 2008 185.08 162.05 253.83
4 December 2008 187.15 173.80 254.48
5 December 2008 190.16 152.30 197.35
8 December 2008 189.69 144.65 195.20
9 December 2008 191.68 133.60 189.38
10 December 2008 184.33 132.85 185.61
11 December 2008 173.43 132.28 178.33
12 December 2008 162.03 130.68 175.36
15 December 2008 154.08 124.45 171.30
16 December 2008 167.75 120.65 167.15
17 December 2008 138.15 122.10 176.15
18 December 2008 133.45 122.96 180.35
19 December 2008 129.15 127.28 171.86
22 December 2008 125.88 127.09 170.10
23 December 2008 124.38 126.73 170.05
24 December 2008 126.25 125.79 169.55
25 December 2008 ND ND ND
26 December 2008 ND ND ND
29 December 2008 127.58 122.49 167.00
30 December 2008 125.50 117.60 164.75
31 December 2008 121.15 115.13 164.80
1 January 2009 ND ND ND
2 January 2009 122.45 109.63 163.90
5 January 2009 122.63 106.58 162.35
6 January 2009 123.33 103.30 159.60
7 January 2009 121.15 107.26 158.98
8 January 2009 116.73 ND ND
9 January 2009 107.75 110.98 149.18
12 January 2009 98.50 110.51 135.35
13 January 2009 92.14 109.40 136.00
14 January 2009 90.95 107.18 132.03
15 January 2009 89.31 108.25 132.93
16 January 2009 95.35 102.70 133.14
19 January 2009 94.65 102.35 127.00
20 January 2009 93.20 102.93 130.48
21 January 2009 92.50 105.75 142.50
22 January 2009 93.54 106.51 141.63
23 January 2009 91.49 102.70 142.11
26 January 2009 94.18 ND ND
27 January 2009 94.89 91.35 138.09

Middle-right panel
Outstanding Central Bank Swap Draws

Weekly
Billions of dollars
Period 3-month Other Sum
13 June 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
20 June 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
27 June 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
4 July 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
11 July 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
18 July 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
25 July 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
1 August 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
8 August 2008 ND 62.00 62.00
15 August 2008 12.00 55.00 67.00
22 August 2008 12.00 55.00 67.00
29 August 2008 12.00 50.00 62.00
5 September 2008 12.00 50.00 62.00
12 September 2008 24.00 38.00 62.00
19 September 2008 24.00 108.80 132.80
26 September 2008 24.00 191.52 215.52
3 October 2008 24.00 243.19 267.19
10 October 2008 78.00 318.48 396.48
17 October 2008 88.00 393.53 481.53
24 October 2008 98.00 406.41 504.41
31 October 2008 116.88 416.68 533.56
7 November 2008 240.03 330.14 570.17
14 November 2008 240.03 323.41 563.44
21 November 2008 240.03 240.46 480.49
28 November 2008 245.03 261.79 506.82
5 December 2008 355.90 226.42 582.32
12 December 2008 358.90 207.15 566.05
19 December 2008 358.90 193.15 552.05
26 December 2008 358.90 193.15 552.05
2 January 2009 358.72 185.75 544.47
9 January 2009 347.41 172.86 520.27
16 January 2009 330.41 138.29 468.70
23 January 2009 320.74 144.58 465.32

Bottom-left panel
U.S. Dollar Exchange Rates

Daily
Index, Jun. 3, 2008 = 100
Date Major currencies index OITP index*
2 June 2008 100.00 100.00
3 June 2008 100.52 99.93
4 June 2008 100.78 100.26
5 June 2008 100.86 100.19
6 June 2008 100.20 100.26
9 June 2008 100.47 100.24
10 June 2008 101.46 100.41
11 June 2008 100.89 100.42
12 June 2008 101.77 100.42
13 June 2008 102.03 100.48
16 June 2008 101.52 100.22
17 June 2008 101.39 99.90
18 June 2008 101.37 99.88
19 June 2008 101.11 99.93
20 June 2008 100.81 99.86
23 June 2008 101.28 100.05
24 June 2008 100.86 99.95
25 June 2008 101.03 99.98
26 June 2008 100.28 99.94
27 June 2008 100.02 100.09
30 June 2008 100.25 100.11
1 July 2008 100.19 100.35
2 July 2008 99.70 100.06
3 July 2008 100.53 100.08
4 July 2008 ND ND
7 July 2008 100.81 99.99
8 July 2008 100.86 99.91
9 July 2008 100.24 99.58
10 July 2008 100.15 99.58
11 July 2008 99.58 99.52
14 July 2008 99.43 99.46
15 July 2008 98.94 99.37
16 July 2008 99.15 99.24
17 July 2008 99.30 99.18
18 July 2008 99.61 99.18
21 July 2008 99.45 99.24
22 July 2008 99.92 99.13
23 July 2008 100.27 98.96
24 July 2008 100.57 98.92
25 July 2008 100.69 98.80
28 July 2008 100.59 99.05
29 July 2008 101.33 99.04
30 July 2008 101.35 99.05
31 July 2008 101.34 99.14
1 August 2008 101.33 99.08
4 August 2008 101.82 99.10
5 August 2008 102.36 99.13
6 August 2008 102.90 99.20
7 August 2008 103.21 99.48
8 August 2008 104.78 100.10
11 August 2008 105.04 100.15
12 August 2008 105.13 100.34
13 August 2008 105.20 100.46
14 August 2008 105.36 100.45
15 August 2008 105.92 100.68
18 August 2008 105.71 100.59
19 August 2008 105.63 100.79
20 August 2008 105.91 100.60
21 August 2008 104.49 100.32
22 August 2008 105.12 100.41
25 August 2008 104.97 100.75
26 August 2008 105.70 100.80
27 August 2008 105.65 100.72
28 August 2008 105.77 101.01
29 August 2008 106.05 101.18
1 September 2008 ND ND
2 September 2008 106.93 101.98
3 September 2008 106.66 102.27
4 September 2008 107.10 102.47
5 September 2008 107.25 102.64
8 September 2008 108.13 102.36
9 September 2008 107.74 102.59
10 September 2008 108.60 102.88
11 September 2008 108.86 103.38
12 September 2008 107.47 102.61
15 September 2008 107.33 103.38
16 September 2008 107.59 103.77
17 September 2008 107.51 103.87
18 September 2008 106.51 104.16
19 September 2008 106.10 103.18
22 September 2008 104.64 102.74
23 September 2008 104.34 103.04
24 September 2008 104.64 103.48
25 September 2008 104.76 103.37
26 September 2008 104.88 103.77
29 September 2008 105.67 104.43
30 September 2008 107.56 104.51
1 October 2008 107.65 104.77
2 October 2008 108.76 105.44
3 October 2008 109.06 105.53
6 October 2008 110.20 107.61
7 October 2008 109.90 108.70
8 October 2008 110.21 111.49
9 October 2008 111.14 109.56
10 October 2008 112.93 110.74
13 October 2008 ND ND
14 October 2008 111.63 108.41
15 October 2008 112.53 109.50
16 October 2008 113.38 111.21
17 October 2008 112.92 110.32
20 October 2008 114.04 110.04
21 October 2008 115.40 111.23
22 October 2008 117.21 113.10
23 October 2008 117.05 113.00
24 October 2008 117.73 113.57
27 October 2008 119.32 113.12
28 October 2008 119.63 113.14
29 October 2008 116.14 111.98
30 October 2008 115.97 110.48
31 October 2008 116.67 110.52
3 November 2008 115.91 110.54
4 November 2008 113.91 109.72
5 November 2008 113.80 109.93
6 November 2008 115.54 111.19
7 November 2008 115.59 110.82
10 November 2008 116.04 110.74
11 November 2008 ND ND
12 November 2008 117.81 112.19
13 November 2008 118.28 113.00
14 November 2008 117.34 112.31
17 November 2008 117.31 112.67
18 November 2008 117.59 113.08
19 November 2008 118.21 113.46
20 November 2008 119.87 114.60
21 November 2008 119.96 115.32
24 November 2008 116.78 114.28
25 November 2008 115.80 113.75
26 November 2008 116.99 113.42
27 November 2008 ND ND
28 November 2008 117.40 113.83
1 December 2008 117.64 114.61
2 December 2008 117.37 114.51
3 December 2008 118.03 114.69
4 December 2008 117.22 114.82
5 December 2008 119.28 115.62
8 December 2008 116.88 114.36
9 December 2008 117.01 114.17
10 December 2008 116.62 113.60
11 December 2008 114.29 112.15
12 December 2008 114.90 113.21
15 December 2008 113.16 112.47
16 December 2008 112.19 112.15
17 December 2008 109.27 111.58
18 December 2008 109.80 111.04
19 December 2008 112.13 111.26
22 December 2008 111.80 111.77
23 December 2008 111.84 112.01
24 December 2008 111.82 111.91
25 December 2008 ND ND
26 December 2008 111.73 112.08
29 December 2008 110.90 112.19
30 December 2008 111.70 112.24
31 December 2008 112.19 112.40
1 January 2009 ND ND
2 January 2009 111.80 112.70
5 January 2009 112.86 112.34
6 January 2009 113.05 111.97
7 January 2009 111.59 111.94
8 January 2009 111.48 112.52
9 January 2009 112.03 113.05
12 January 2009 113.02 113.46
13 January 2009 114.49 113.57
14 January 2009 114.80 114.12
15 January 2009 115.88 114.63
16 January 2009 115.16 113.83
19 January 2009 ND ND
20 January 2009 116.91 114.21
21 January 2009 117.23 114.30
22 January 2009 116.70 114.33
23 January 2009 116.80 114.73
26 January 2009 114.89 114.40
27 January 2009 114.86 114.88

* Other important trading partners.  Return to table

Bottom-right panel
Broad Real Dollar

Monthly
Index, Feb. 2002 = 100
Period Index
January 2006 86.22
February 2006 86.24
March 2006 86.90
April 2006 86.91
May 2006 85.47
June 2006 86.64
July 2006 86.54
August 2006 85.94
September 2006 85.59
October 2006 85.14
November 2006 84.00
December 2006 83.26
January 2007 84.19
February 2007 83.83
March 2007 84.11
April 2007 83.59
May 2007 83.27
June 2007 83.08
July 2007 81.68
August 2007 81.71
September 2007 80.56
October 2007 78.64
November 2007 77.48
December 2007 77.92
January 2008 77.42
February 2008 76.25
March 2008 75.33
April 2008 75.42
May 2008 76.07
June 2008 76.61
July 2008 76.10
August 2008 77.78
September 2008 79.41
October 2008 83.71
November 2008 84.20
December 2008 82.76
January 2009 83.27
Forecast
February 2009 84.35
March 2009 84.54
April 2009 84.78
May 2009 84.98
June 2009 84.92
July 2009 84.82
August 2009 84.72
September 2009 84.62
October 2009 84.52
November 2009 84.41
December 2009 84.23
January 2010 84.03
February 2010 83.85
March 2010 83.66
April 2010 83.46
May 2010 83.26
June 2010 83.06
July 2010 82.86
August 2010 82.64
September 2010 82.42
October 2010 82.19
November 2010 81.97
December 2010 81.74
Dec. GB
Index, Feb. 2002 = 100
Period Index
2008:Q4 83.93
Forecast
2009:Q1 84.16
2009:Q2 84.29
2009:Q3 84.10
2009:Q4 83.73
2010:Q1 83.18
2010:Q2 82.58
2010:Q3 81.93
2010:Q4 81.24

Exhibit 11
Foreign Growth Outlook

Top panel
Real GDP*

Percent change, annual rate**
2007 2008 2009p 2010p
Q1-Q3 Q4e Q1 Q2 H2
1. Total 4.2 1.4 -3.8 -2.8 -0.8 1.5 2.8
2.    December Greenbook 4.2 1.4 -1.6 -1.2 0.1 1.5 2.8
   
3. Advanced Foreign Economies 2.6 0.2 -2.8 -3.4 -1.9 0.6 1.9
4. Japan 2.0 -1.1 -5.2 -3.7 -1.5 0.0 1.1
5. Euro area 2.1 0.4 -2.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.7 1.9
6. United Kingdom*** 3.0 -0.4 -5.9 -4.0 -2.2 0.3 1.7
7. Canada 2.8 0.4 -2.4 -4.4 -2.8 0.7 2.1
   
8. Emerging Market Economies 6.4 3.0 -5.0 -1.9 0.8 2.6 4.1
9. Emerging Asia 7.8 4.0 -6.5 -0.8 1.8 4.3 5.7
10. China 11.4 9.1 0.3 4.0 6.5 7.5 8.8
11. Latin America 4.8 1.8 -4.1 -3.5 -0.4 0.9 2.5
12. Mexico 4.2 0.9 -5.0 -4.0 -1.0 0.4 2.2

* GDP aggregates weighted by shares of U.S. merchandise exports.  Return to text

** Change from final quarter of preceding period to final quarter of period indicated.  Return to table

*** Updated since January Greenbook.  Return to table

Middle-left panel
Global PMIs

Diffusion index
Period Manufacturing output New export orders
January 2007 53.80 53.15
February 2007 55.51 54.57
March 2007 54.82 54.45
April 2007 55.84 54.59
May 2007 55.52 55.44
June 2007 57.22 54.88
July 2007 54.20 53.86
August 2007 54.75 54.63
September 2007 54.35 53.43
October 2007 52.62 53.73
November 2007 53.24 54.60
December 2007 52.57 52.27
January 2008 54.37 54.20
February 2008 52.36 52.40
March 2008 50.85 52.13
April 2008 51.06 51.56
May 2008 51.24 52.02
June 2008 49.81 51.96
July 2008 49.39 50.17
August 2008 48.54 50.96
September 2008 43.25 47.37
October 2008 39.06 40.39
November 2008 33.13 35.01
December 2008 28.76 31.03

Source: Haver Analytics.

Middle-right panel
Japan

12-month percent change
Period Real household spending Real exports
January 2007 0.51 11.40
February 2007 1.33 7.29
March 2007 0.10 8.56
April 2007 1.02 7.70
May 2007 0.20 6.08
June 2007 0.10 8.40
July 2007 0.00 7.36
August 2007 1.65 12.35
September 2007 3.26 10.99
October 2007 0.51 11.06
November 2007 -0.61 10.34
December 2007 2.15 11.56
January 2008 3.55 12.69
February 2008 0.00 9.04
March 2008 -1.52 12.20
April 2008 -2.73 7.92
May 2008 -3.25 6.66
June 2008 -1.83 6.08
July 2008 -0.31 7.27
August 2008 -3.97 0.63
September 2008 -2.34 2.90
October 2008 -3.96 -1.04
November 2008 -0.51 -15.91
December 2008 ND -24.41

Bottom-left panel
Euro Area

12-month percent change
Period Retail sales volume Industrial production
January 2007 0.91 3.45
February 2007 1.38 4.16
March 2007 2.80 4.22
April 2007 1.81 2.99
May 2007 0.14 2.80
June 2007 1.23 2.87
July 2007 1.36 3.84
August 2007 0.62 3.68
September 2007 1.69 3.40
October 2007 0.83 4.42
November 2007 -0.39 3.60
December 2007 -1.07 2.01
January 2008 0.68 3.34
February 2008 -0.02 2.92
March 2008 -2.06 1.35
April 2008 -2.07 3.71
May 2008 -0.19 -0.25
June 2008 -2.05 -0.48
July 2008 -1.82 -1.36
August 2008 -1.68 -1.23
September 2008 -1.36 -2.83
October 2008 -2.23 -5.43
November 2008 -1.28 -7.21

Bottom-right panel
China

12-month percent change
Period Retail sales volume Industrial production
January 2007 10.75 12.6
February 2007 14.68 12.6
March 2007 12.52 17.6
April 2007 13.06 17.4
May 2007 13.18 18.1
June 2007 12.39 19.4
July 2007 11.49 18.0
August 2007 11.31 17.5
September 2007 11.54 18.9
October 2007 12.14 17.9
November 2007 12.08 17.3
December 2007 13.84 17.4
January 2008 14.14 15.4
February 2008 10.19 15.4
March 2008 12.71 17.8
April 2008 12.88 15.7
May 2008 13.12 16.0
June 2008 14.85 16.0
July 2008 15.45 14.7
August 2008 16.78 12.8
September 2008 16.99 11.4
October 2008 16.66 8.2
November 2008 17.63 5.4
December 2008 ND 5.7

Exhibit 12
U.S. Trade

Top-left panel
Nominal Trade

Monthly
Billions of dollars
Period Non-oil imports Oil imports Exports
January 2002 101.36 6.92 78.32
February 2002 104.58 6.39 78.43
March 2002 103.35 7.04 79.23
April 2002 106.04 8.98 80.94
May 2002 106.84 8.77 81.22
June 2002 109.49 8.26 82.26
July 2002 108.45 8.60 82.58
August 2002 110.24 9.10 82.90
September 2002 110.43 9.02 82.41
October 2002 107.22 10.09 82.04
November 2002 112.71 10.06 83.16
December 2002 114.25 10.26 81.24
January 2003 111.89 11.19 81.93
February 2003 110.39 11.87 82.57
March 2003 113.68 12.46 82.34
April 2003 112.41 11.02 80.99
May 2003 113.15 9.89 81.91
June 2003 113.87 10.58 84.31
July 2003 115.35 11.23 84.98
August 2003 113.06 10.78 83.87
September 2003 116.94 10.78 85.94
October 2003 119.19 10.39 88.23
November 2003 119.62 10.78 90.44
December 2003 122.05 12.10 90.24
January 2004 121.59 12.84 89.71
February 2004 124.29 13.39 93.58
March 2004 128.62 13.96 96.25
April 2004 129.74 12.98 95.50
May 2004 131.62 13.58 97.15
June 2004 134.15 15.08 94.71
July 2004 133.57 14.05 96.43
August 2004 134.33 15.55 96.90
September 2004 134.58 14.88 98.26
October 2004 137.49 17.22 99.95
November 2004 138.53 19.71 99.75
December 2004 139.35 17.21 102.37
January 2005 141.05 17.02 102.52
February 2005 142.70 18.16 103.27
March 2005 138.74 18.37 104.25
April 2005 144.11 19.54 106.86
May 2005 143.99 18.20 106.18
June 2005 144.46 19.79 106.32
July 2005 143.96 20.43 106.83
August 2005 143.81 22.23 108.17
September 2005 147.25 24.03 106.38
October 2005 150.68 25.45 109.06
November 2005 149.35 24.84 110.70
December 2005 153.35 23.81 113.21
January 2006 155.56 25.20 115.22
February 2006 152.91 25.41 116.03
March 2006 156.49 22.69 117.93
April 2006 156.51 24.07 117.88
May 2006 157.50 27.60 119.93
June 2006 159.19 26.76 121.96
July 2006 159.16 28.11 120.31
August 2006 161.26 28.70 123.24
September 2006 161.40 26.48 124.09
October 2006 161.23 22.13 125.64
November 2006 162.17 21.95 127.27
December 2006 164.49 23.33 127.51
January 2007 162.05 24.67 128.32
February 2007 164.45 21.35 126.99
March 2007 167.68 24.77 130.13
April 2007 165.57 25.21 130.52
May 2007 166.75 26.37 133.69
June 2007 168.32 26.55 135.74
July 2007 170.06 27.24 139.98
August 2007 169.79 27.65 142.11
September 2007 170.12 28.13 142.78
October 2007 170.46 29.98 144.11
November 2007 171.15 33.94 145.21
December 2007 168.61 35.12 146.14
January 2008 168.84 39.26 149.39
February 2008 176.10 37.88 152.55
March 2008 171.64 35.03 149.71
April 2008 177.06 39.55 155.24
May 2008 178.36 38.84 157.18
June 2008 176.54 45.23 163.08
July 2008 178.48 50.99 168.35
August 2008 180.59 43.88 165.61
September 2008 175.08 36.57 155.09
October 2008 170.99 37.24 151.54
November 2008 159.60 23.64 142.80
2009:Q1p 153.10 17.40 140.90

Top-right panel
Trade Balance

Monthly
Billions of dollars
Period Ex. oil imports Total
January 2002 -23.04 -29.96
February 2002 -26.16 -32.55
March 2002 -24.13 -31.17
April 2002 -25.10 -34.08
May 2002 -25.62 -34.39
June 2002 -27.23 -35.49
July 2002 -25.87 -34.47
August 2002 -27.34 -36.43
September 2002 -28.02 -37.03
October 2002 -25.18 -35.27
November 2002 -29.56 -39.62
December 2002 -33.01 -43.27
January 2003 -29.96 -41.15
February 2003 -27.82 -39.69
March 2003 -31.34 -43.81
April 2003 -31.42 -42.43
May 2003 -31.23 -41.12
June 2003 -29.55 -40.13
July 2003 -30.36 -41.59
August 2003 -29.19 -39.97
September 2003 -31.01 -41.79
October 2003 -30.96 -41.36
November 2003 -29.17 -39.96
December 2003 -31.82 -43.91
January 2004 -31.88 -44.72
February 2004 -30.71 -44.11
March 2004 -32.37 -46.33
April 2004 -34.23 -47.22
May 2004 -34.46 -48.04
June 2004 -39.44 -54.52
July 2004 -37.14 -51.19
August 2004 -37.43 -52.97
September 2004 -36.32 -51.20
October 2004 -37.53 -54.76
November 2004 -38.77 -58.49
December 2004 -36.98 -54.19
January 2005 -38.53 -55.55
February 2005 -39.43 -57.58
March 2005 -34.49 -52.86
April 2005 -37.25 -56.79
May 2005 -37.81 -56.00
June 2005 -38.14 -57.93
July 2005 -37.14 -57.57
August 2005 -35.65 -57.87
September 2005 -40.87 -64.90
October 2005 -41.62 -67.07
November 2005 -38.64 -63.48
December 2005 -40.13 -63.95
January 2006 -40.33 -65.54
February 2006 -36.89 -62.30
March 2006 -38.56 -61.25
April 2006 -38.62 -62.69
May 2006 -37.57 -65.17
June 2006 -37.23 -63.99
July 2006 -38.85 -66.96
August 2006 -38.02 -66.72
September 2006 -37.31 -63.79
October 2006 -35.59 -57.73
November 2006 -34.90 -56.85
December 2006 -36.98 -60.31
January 2007 -33.74 -58.41
February 2007 -37.46 -58.81
March 2007 -37.55 -62.32
April 2007 -35.05 -60.26
May 2007 -33.06 -59.43
June 2007 -32.57 -59.13
July 2007 -30.08 -57.32
August 2007 -27.68 -55.33
September 2007 -27.34 -55.46
October 2007 -26.36 -56.33
November 2007 -25.93 -59.87
December 2007 -22.46 -57.58
January 2008 -19.45 -58.71
February 2008 -23.55 -61.43
March 2008 -21.94 -56.96
April 2008 -21.83 -61.37
May 2008 -21.18 -60.02
June 2008 -13.46 -58.69
July 2008 -10.13 -61.12
August 2008 -14.98 -58.86
September 2008 -19.99 -56.56
October 2008 -19.45 -56.69
November 2008 -16.80 -40.44
2009:Q1p -12.20 -29.70

Middle-left panel
Automotive Trade

Monthly
Billions of dollars
Period Exports Imports
January 2002 6.13 15.72
February 2002 6.28 16.44
March 2002 6.34 16.22
April 2002 6.71 16.94
May 2002 6.72 16.79
June 2002 6.83 17.13
July 2002 6.73 16.87
August 2002 6.79 17.71
September 2002 6.64 17.65
October 2002 6.65 17.09
November 2002 6.55 17.56
December 2002 6.56 17.62
January 2003 6.58 17.09
February 2003 6.63 16.90
March 2003 6.73 17.36
April 2003 6.74 17.20
May 2003 6.95 17.60
June 2003 6.80 18.13
July 2003 6.67 17.80
August 2003 6.20 15.93
September 2003 6.72 17.53
October 2003 6.92 17.96
November 2003 6.80 18.21
December 2003 6.90 18.43
January 2004 6.68 17.74
February 2004 7.02 18.51
March 2004 7.26 19.03
April 2004 7.28 19.13
May 2004 7.40 19.29
June 2004 7.24 18.98
July 2004 7.54 19.33
August 2004 7.71 18.64
September 2004 7.78 19.58
October 2004 7.79 19.58
November 2004 7.69 19.20
December 2004 7.83 19.16
January 2005 8.12 19.57
February 2005 7.88 19.55
March 2005 7.74 18.80
April 2005 8.02 19.22
May 2005 7.92 19.90
June 2005 7.94 19.51
July 2005 8.02 19.76
August 2005 8.22 20.15
September 2005 8.46 20.12
October 2005 8.55 20.85
November 2005 8.66 20.68
December 2005 8.88 21.32
January 2006 8.91 22.06
February 2006 8.95 21.38
March 2006 8.52 21.01
April 2006 8.61 21.38
May 2006 8.59 21.27
June 2006 8.97 21.86
July 2006 9.11 20.82
August 2006 9.20 21.07
September 2006 8.79 21.04
October 2006 8.77 20.79
November 2006 9.03 21.07
December 2006 9.54 22.87
January 2007 9.20 21.13
February 2007 9.36 21.19
March 2007 9.84 21.87
April 2007 9.84 21.34
May 2007 9.86 20.73
June 2007 9.95 21.42
July 2007 10.85 22.23
August 2007 10.28 21.93
September 2007 10.43 22.08
October 2007 10.50 22.17
November 2007 10.84 22.10
December 2007 10.10 20.72
January 2008 10.33 21.23
February 2008 10.83 22.79
March 2008 9.44 20.30
April 2008 10.03 21.47
May 2008 10.22 20.47
June 2008 10.80 20.53
July 2008 12.16 20.44
August 2008 10.47 19.28
September 2008 10.33 18.47
October 2008 10.10 17.60
November 2008 9.01 16.42
2009:Q1p 8.90 16.00

Middle-right panel
Aircraft Exports

Monthly
Billions of dollars
Period Exports
January 2002 4.14
February 2002 3.89
March 2002 4.33
April 2002 4.28
May 2002 4.01
June 2002 4.32
July 2002 4.69
August 2002 4.38
September 2002 4.35
October 2002 4.38
November 2002 4.04
December 2002 3.61
January 2003 3.48
February 2003 4.51
March 2003 3.50
April 2003 3.57
May 2003 3.47
June 2003 3.86
July 2003 3.95
August 2003 3.60
September 2003 3.86
October 2003 3.89
November 2003 4.91
December 2003 4.12
January 2004 3.93
February 2004 4.21
March 2004 4.15
April 2004 3.97
May 2004 4.39
June 2004 3.56
July 2004 4.21
August 2004 4.31
September 2004 4.27
October 2004 4.32
November 2004 4.12
December 2004 4.55
January 2005 4.44
February 2005 4.32
March 2005 4.88
April 2005 6.04
May 2005 4.90
June 2005 5.28
July 2005 5.30
August 2005 5.79
September 2005 3.56
October 2005 5.25
November 2005 5.76
December 2005 5.26
January 2006 5.89
February 2006 6.29
March 2006 5.95
April 2006 6.02
May 2006 6.08
June 2006 6.07
July 2006 5.64
August 2006 6.04
September 2006 6.64
October 2006 6.54
November 2006 7.36
December 2006 6.67
January 2007 7.40
February 2007 6.74
March 2007 6.15
April 2007 6.11
May 2007 6.99
June 2007 6.97
July 2007 7.79
August 2007 7.55
September 2007 7.53
October 2007 8.08
November 2007 7.80
December 2007 8.18
January 2008 8.00
February 2008 8.14
March 2008 6.68
April 2008 7.60
May 2008 7.63
June 2008 7.60
July 2008 7.84
August 2008 9.24
September 2008 5.84
October 2008 5.11
November 2008 5.26
2009:Q1p 8.30

Bottom panel
Trade in Real Goods and Services

2007 2008 2009p 2010p
Q1-Q3 Q4e Q1 Q2 H2
Growth Rates (percent, annual rate*)
1. Exports 8.9 6.7 -19.9 -5.1 -2.7 -0.1 2.4
2. Imports 1.1 -3.9 -15.4 -11.7 -1.9 5.8 5.4
Contribution to Real GDP Growth (percentage points, annual rate*)
3. Net Exports 0.8 1.6 -0.1 1.2 -0.1 -0.8 -0.5
4. December Greenbook 0.8 1.6 0.4 0.9 0.1 -0.5 -0.4

* Change from final quarter of preceding period to final quarter of period indicated.  Return to table

Exhibit 13
Cyclical Comparisons

Note: Gray shading represents U.S. recessions as dated by the NBER: November 1973-March 1975, January 1980-July 1980, July 1981-November 1982, July 1990-March 1991, March 2001-November 2001. A gray vertical line indicates the NBER Peak in December 2007. Blue shading represents the forecast period.

Top panel
Real GDP

A line chart shows United States and Foreign real GDP on an annual basis from 1972 through 2008, and a forecast through 2010. Data are percent change, Q4/Q4. Foreign real GDP is weighted by shares of U.S. merchandise exports. The United States curve begins near 7 percent, and fluctuates widely between about -2 and 8 until 1985. The curve then fluctuates within a more narrow range, between about 0 and 5, until 2008, when it dips into negative territory to about -0.5 percent. The forecast shows the curve decreasing toward -1 in 2009, and then increasing to about 2.5 by the end of the period. The Foreign curve begins at about 6.5 percent, reaches a low point of nearly -1 in 1982, and fluctuates between about 2 and 6 for most of the remainder of the period. The curve decreases almost to zero in 2008, dips slightly below zero in 2009, and then increases to nearly 3 by the end of the period.

Middle panel
Contribution of Trade to U.S. GDP Growth

A bar and line chart shows Exports, Imports, and Net exports on an annual basis from 1972 through 2008, and a forecast through 2010. Data are percentage points, Q4/Q4. Exports remains positive for most of the period, fluctuating between about 0 and 1.5, with apparent notable exceptions being 1982 and 2001, during which exports decreased to less than -1. Exports are also shown to be slightly negative at about -0.1 in 2008. The forecast for exports is about -0.25 in 2009 and about 0.25 in 2010. Imports remains negative for most of the period, fluctuating between about 0 and -2. Imports are at about -0.5 in 1981 but about +0.3 in 1982, and are at about 1 in 2001 and again in 2008. The forecast for imports is about 0.1 in 2009 and about -0.8 in 2010. Net exports begins at about zero in 1972, fluctuates between about -2 and 1.5 through 1985, and then fluctuates within a more narrow range between about -1 and 1 for the remainder of the period. The net exports curve is about 1 in 2008, and is forecast to decrease to about -0.5 by 2010.

Bottom panel
Broad Real Dollar

Index, historical average = 100
Period Index
1973:Q2 101.54
1973:Q3 98.25
1973:Q4 99.59
1974:Q1 100.24
1974:Q2 96.50
1974:Q3 97.75
1974:Q4 97.56
1975:Q1 95.54
1975:Q2 94.86
1975:Q3 97.16
1975:Q4 97.74
1976:Q1 96.55
1976:Q2 95.87
1976:Q3 95.49
1976:Q4 96.07
1977:Q1 95.87
1977:Q2 95.06
1977:Q3 94.04
1977:Q4 92.32
1978:Q1 90.34
1978:Q2 90.34
1978:Q3 87.09
1978:Q4 86.79
1979:Q1 88.40
1979:Q2 90.25
1979:Q3 89.28
1979:Q4 91.07
1980:Q1 92.78
1980:Q2 93.04
1980:Q3 90.39
1980:Q4 91.96
1981:Q1 94.26
1981:Q2 99.02
1981:Q3 103.56
1981:Q4 100.82
1982:Q1 104.15
1982:Q2 107.65
1982:Q3 113.06
1982:Q4 112.26
1983:Q1 110.42
1983:Q2 112.97
1983:Q3 115.63
1983:Q4 115.97
1984:Q1 117.12
1984:Q2 118.65
1984:Q3 123.83
1984:Q4 126.67
1985:Q1 131.87
1985:Q2 129.58
1985:Q3 125.69
1985:Q4 120.34
1986:Q1 115.99
1986:Q2 111.18
1986:Q3 108.19
1986:Q4 108.43
1987:Q1 104.89
1987:Q2 101.93
1987:Q3 102.50
1987:Q4 97.76
1988:Q1 95.23
1988:Q2 94.17
1988:Q3 97.20
1988:Q4 93.57
1989:Q1 95.10
1989:Q2 97.90
1989:Q3 97.72
1989:Q4 96.57
1990:Q1 95.48
1990:Q2 96.09
1990:Q3 92.48
1990:Q4 89.76
1991:Q1 90.67
1991:Q2 93.82
1991:Q3 93.21
1991:Q4 90.22
1992:Q1 90.69
1992:Q2 90.60
1992:Q3 87.79
1992:Q4 91.26
1993:Q1 92.79
1993:Q2 90.58
1993:Q3 90.72
1993:Q4 91.31
1994:Q1 93.31
1994:Q2 92.39
1994:Q3 89.93
1994:Q4 89.03
1995:Q1 90.95
1995:Q2 86.60
1995:Q3 87.67
1995:Q4 89.27
1996:Q1 90.52
1996:Q2 90.76
1996:Q3 90.51
1996:Q4 91.02
1997:Q1 93.49
1997:Q2 94.04
1997:Q3 95.43
1997:Q4 99.14
1998:Q1 103.34
1998:Q2 103.21
1998:Q3 105.73
1998:Q4 101.62
1999:Q1 102.50
1999:Q2 103.51
1999:Q3 103.17
1999:Q4 102.10
2000:Q1 103.27
2000:Q2 105.85
2000:Q3 107.13
2000:Q4 109.92
2001:Q1 110.97
2001:Q2 113.22
2001:Q3 112.82
2001:Q4 113.23
2002:Q1 114.88
2002:Q2 113.09
2002:Q3 111.08
2002:Q4 111.90
2003:Q1 109.70
2003:Q2 105.62
2003:Q3 105.89
2003:Q4 102.48
2004:Q1 100.75
2004:Q2 103.09
2004:Q3 102.22
2004:Q4 98.84
2005:Q1 97.85
2005:Q2 99.10
2005:Q3 100.16
2005:Q4 101.28
2006:Q1 99.75
2006:Q2 98.53
2006:Q3 98.45
2006:Q4 97.01
2007:Q1 96.96
2007:Q2 95.03
2007:Q3 93.08
2007:Q4 89.99
2008:Q1 88.11
2008:Q2 86.60
2008:Q3 88.88
Forecast
2008:Q4 96.24
2009:Q1 97.20
2009:Q2 97.73
2009:Q3 97.53
2009:Q4 97.14
2010:Q1 96.52
2010:Q2 95.85
2010:Q3 95.13
2010:Q4 94.36

Exhibit 14
Commodity Prices

Top-left panel
Recent Price Developments

Daily
Date WTI oil
(Dollars per barrel)
CRB nonfuel
(Index, Jan. 3, 2007 = 100)
3 January 2007 58.33 100.00
4 January 2007 55.41 99.80
5 January 2007 56.32 99.78
8 January 2007 56.10 99.04
9 January 2007 55.65 98.62
10 January 2007 54.03 99.00
11 January 2007 51.89 99.85
12 January 2007 53.00 100.68
15 January 2007 ND ND
16 January 2007 51.22 100.49
17 January 2007 52.25 100.64
18 January 2007 50.49 100.48
19 January 2007 50.49 100.73
22 January 2007 51.14 100.84
23 January 2007 53.90 101.77
24 January 2007 54.73 101.47
25 January 2007 53.59 101.87
26 January 2007 55.43 101.53
29 January 2007 54.02 100.85
30 January 2007 56.98 101.14
31 January 2007 58.15 101.10
1 February 2007 57.31 100.83
2 February 2007 59.03 100.85
5 February 2007 58.75 100.80
6 February 2007 58.89 100.68
7 February 2007 57.72 100.87
8 February 2007 59.72 101.05
9 February 2007 59.90 101.65
12 February 2007 57.82 101.84
13 February 2007 59.06 101.84
14 February 2007 58.00 102.06
15 February 2007 58.00 102.99
16 February 2007 59.41 103.18
19 February 2007 ND ND
20 February 2007 58.08 102.94
21 February 2007 59.53 103.48
22 February 2007 59.56 103.96
23 February 2007 60.53 104.10
26 February 2007 61.40 104.43
27 February 2007 61.47 103.81
28 February 2007 61.80 103.93
1 March 2007 62.01 104.13
2 March 2007 61.65 103.69
5 March 2007 60.08 104.14
6 March 2007 60.70 104.69
7 March 2007 61.83 105.33
8 March 2007 61.65 105.67
9 March 2007 60.06 105.44
12 March 2007 58.92 105.49
13 March 2007 57.94 105.40
14 March 2007 58.17 105.05
15 March 2007 57.56 105.83
16 March 2007 57.12 106.01
19 March 2007 56.60 106.02
20 March 2007 56.74 106.33
21 March 2007 57.37 107.14
22 March 2007 60.65 107.34
23 March 2007 61.49 107.79
26 March 2007 62.92 107.82
27 March 2007 62.94 107.78
28 March 2007 64.09 107.69
29 March 2007 66.04 107.77
30 March 2007 65.88 107.50
2 April 2007 65.95 106.80
3 April 2007 64.65 106.81
4 April 2007 64.39 107.36
5 April 2007 64.29 107.91
6 April 2007 ND ND
9 April 2007 61.52 107.89
10 April 2007 61.90 108.59
11 April 2007 62.02 108.67
12 April 2007 63.86 108.48
13 April 2007 63.64 109.15
16 April 2007 63.85 109.15
17 April 2007 63.11 109.40
18 April 2007 63.14 109.37
19 April 2007 61.84 109.23
20 April 2007 63.39 109.55
23 April 2007 65.35 109.48
24 April 2007 63.91 109.63
25 April 2007 65.12 109.94
26 April 2007 65.07 109.50
27 April 2007 66.47 109.54
30 April 2007 65.71 109.61
1 May 2007 64.41 110.55
2 May 2007 63.68 111.07
3 May 2007 63.20 111.60
4 May 2007 61.94 111.75
7 May 2007 61.48 111.65
8 May 2007 62.27 111.52
9 May 2007 61.56 111.72
10 May 2007 61.82 111.62
11 May 2007 62.38 112.07
14 May 2007 62.47 112.04
15 May 2007 63.18 112.52
16 May 2007 62.56 112.59
17 May 2007 64.87 112.12
18 May 2007 64.95 112.10
21 May 2007 66.28 113.04
22 May 2007 64.98 112.65
23 May 2007 65.08 112.47
24 May 2007 63.59 112.50
25 May 2007 64.76 112.96
28 May 2007 ND ND
29 May 2007 63.16 112.42
30 May 2007 63.50 112.80
31 May 2007 64.02 113.32
1 June 2007 65.09 113.31
4 June 2007 66.22 114.12
5 June 2007 65.62 114.43
6 June 2007 65.97 114.06
7 June 2007 66.93 114.33
8 June 2007 64.76 113.67
11 June 2007 65.97 114.49
12 June 2007 65.36 114.22
13 June 2007 66.27 114.59
14 June 2007 67.66 114.99
15 June 2007 68.00 115.64
18 June 2007 69.10 116.05
19 June 2007 69.11 115.30
20 June 2007 68.20 115.34
21 June 2007 67.93 115.22
22 June 2007 68.90 114.33
25 June 2007 68.94 114.41
26 June 2007 67.78 114.36
27 June 2007 68.98 113.54
28 June 2007 69.57 113.64
29 June 2007 70.69 114.40
2 July 2007 71.10 114.66
3 July 2007 71.42 114.58
4 July 2007 ND ND
5 July 2007 71.82 115.21
6 July 2007 72.82 115.36
9 July 2007 72.20 115.79
10 July 2007 72.20 115.53
11 July 2007 72.57 116.18
12 July 2007 72.51 116.36
13 July 2007 73.94 116.43
16 July 2007 74.16 115.73
17 July 2007 74.03 115.61
18 July 2007 75.06 116.17
19 July 2007 75.93 116.30
20 July 2007 75.58 116.53
23 July 2007 74.70 116.42
24 July 2007 73.52 116.75
25 July 2007 75.99 116.41
26 July 2007 74.96 115.99
27 July 2007 77.03 115.66
30 July 2007 76.84 116.29
31 July 2007 78.22 116.34
1 August 2007 76.54 115.87
2 August 2007 76.87 115.90
3 August 2007 75.49 116.95
6 August 2007 72.07 116.78
7 August 2007 72.43 117.04
8 August 2007 72.18 117.15
9 August 2007 71.60 116.17
10 August 2007 71.47 115.17
13 August 2007 71.62 115.39
14 August 2007 72.39 114.85
15 August 2007 73.34 113.91
16 August 2007 71.01 112.45
17 August 2007 71.99 112.30
20 August 2007 71.13 112.84
21 August 2007 69.48 112.72
22 August 2007 69.32 113.24
23 August 2007 70.04 114.01
24 August 2007 71.39 113.93
27 August 2007 71.98 113.59
28 August 2007 71.74 113.37
29 August 2007 73.52 113.42
30 August 2007 73.37 113.78
31 August 2007 74.05 114.33
3 September 2007 ND ND
4 September 2007 75.08 114.24
5 September 2007 75.74 114.04
6 September 2007 76.31 114.06
7 September 2007 76.71 114.34
10 September 2007 77.50 114.56
11 September 2007 78.24 114.94
12 September 2007 79.92 115.39
13 September 2007 80.10 115.14
14 September 2007 79.11 115.27
17 September 2007 80.57 115.64
18 September 2007 81.52 116.05
19 September 2007 81.94 116.51
20 September 2007 83.33 116.90
21 September 2007 83.36 117.17
24 September 2007 82.67 117.50
25 September 2007 81.64 117.19
26 September 2007 80.31 117.60
27 September 2007 82.89 118.08
28 September 2007 81.67 117.87
1 October 2007 80.25 118.34
2 October 2007 80.06 117.28
3 October 2007 79.98 117.38
4 October 2007 81.45 117.32
5 October 2007 81.23 116.79
8 October 2007 79.03 115.97
9 October 2007 80.27 115.77
10 October 2007 81.31 116.44
11 October 2007 83.09 116.59
12 October 2007 83.70 116.57
15 October 2007 86.14 117.46
16 October 2007 87.62 117.14
17 October 2007 87.41 116.72
18 October 2007 89.48 117.71
19 October 2007 88.61 117.81
22 October 2007 87.57 117.36
23 October 2007 86.48 117.57
24 October 2007 89.36 116.96
25 October 2007 92.97 117.25
26 October 2007 91.87 117.78
29 October 2007 93.53 118.21
30 October 2007 90.39 117.63
31 October 2007 94.54 118.24
1 November 2007 93.49 118.32
2 November 2007 95.94 117.71
5 November 2007 93.99 117.78
6 November 2007 93.99 118.44
7 November 2007 96.38 118.02
8 November 2007 95.47 117.87
9 November 2007 96.33 117.74
12 November 2007 94.63 117.39
13 November 2007 91.18 117.22
14 November 2007 94.10 117.90
15 November 2007 93.44 117.36
16 November 2007 95.10 117.55
19 November 2007 95.75 117.47
20 November 2007 98.83 117.52
21 November 2007 97.79 117.23
22 November 2007 ND ND
23 November 2007 98.18 117.88
26 November 2007 97.71 117.77
27 November 2007 94.43 117.46
28 November 2007 90.63 117.83
29 November 2007 91.02 118.54
30 November 2007 88.72 118.35
3 December 2007 89.32 118.05
4 December 2007 88.33 117.31
5 December 2007 87.50 117.15
6 December 2007 90.24 117.32
7 December 2007 88.29 117.98
10 December 2007 87.87 118.21
11 December 2007 90.03 118.23
12 December 2007 94.40 118.86
13 December 2007 92.26 118.41
14 December 2007 91.28 118.33
17 December 2007 90.64 117.63
18 December 2007 90.50 117.75
19 December 2007 91.05 118.29
20 December 2007 90.97 118.29
21 December 2007 93.32 118.68
24 December 2007 93.32 118.44
25 December 2007 ND ND
26 December 2007 95.98 118.72
27 December 2007 96.63 118.76
28 December 2007 96.01 118.39
31 December 2007 96.01 117.98
1 January 2008 ND ND
2 January 2008 99.63 118.74
3 January 2008 99.19 119.20
4 January 2008 97.92 119.78
7 January 2008 95.10 119.28
8 January 2008 96.34 119.33
9 January 2008 95.68 119.37
10 January 2008 93.72 118.95
11 January 2008 92.70 119.31
14 January 2008 94.21 119.91
15 January 2008 91.91 119.38
16 January 2008 90.85 119.27
17 January 2008 90.14 119.60
18 January 2008 90.58 119.73
21 January 2008 ND ND
22 January 2008 89.86 119.35
23 January 2008 87.32 118.64
24 January 2008 89.41 119.39
25 January 2008 90.71 119.83
28 January 2008 90.99 120.16
29 January 2008 91.65 120.99
30 January 2008 92.34 120.83
31 January 2008 91.76 121.64
1 February 2008 88.97 122.51
4 February 2008 90.02 122.84
5 February 2008 88.42 122.58
6 February 2008 87.15 123.14
7 February 2008 88.12 123.25
8 February 2008 91.78 123.53
11 February 2008 93.60 124.32
12 February 2008 92.79 124.42
13 February 2008 92.79 124.89
14 February 2008 95.47 126.39
15 February 2008 95.51 126.42
18 February 2008 ND ND
19 February 2008 100.01 127.58
20 February 2008 100.75 127.64
21 February 2008 98.39 128.49
22 February 2008 98.91 129.05
25 February 2008 99.41 130.23
26 February 2008 100.89 131.17
27 February 2008 99.65 131.71
28 February 2008 102.60 133.12
29 February 2008 101.85 133.76
3 March 2008 102.46 134.31
4 March 2008 99.52 134.04
5 March 2008 104.52 133.74
6 March 2008 105.48 133.09
7 March 2008 105.16 131.57
10 March 2008 107.90 130.78
11 March 2008 108.76 132.10
12 March 2008 109.93 132.32
13 March 2008 110.33 132.67
14 March 2008 110.21 133.06
17 March 2008 105.68 131.50
18 March 2008 109.42 131.32
19 March 2008 104.49 129.79
20 March 2008 104.49 127.82
21 March 2008 ND ND
24 March 2008 101.07 128.43
25 March 2008 100.98 129.61
26 March 2008 105.90 129.83
27 March 2008 107.59 129.94
28 March 2008 105.63 129.54
31 March 2008 101.59 128.51
1 April 2008 100.98 124.16
2 April 2008 104.84 124.32
3 April 2008 103.84 124.76
4 April 2008 106.23 125.20
7 April 2008 105.03 125.35
8 April 2008 108.50 125.22
9 April 2008 110.87 126.49
10 April 2008 110.12 127.56
11 April 2008 110.15 127.38
14 April 2008 111.76 127.77
15 April 2008 113.79 128.37
16 April 2008 114.93 128.90
17 April 2008 114.86 129.23
18 April 2008 116.69 128.95
21 April 2008 117.48 128.51
22 April 2008 119.38 129.47
23 April 2008 120.44 129.56
24 April 2008 117.16 129.54
25 April 2008 121.57 129.88
28 April 2008 118.75 130.33
29 April 2008 115.63 129.92
30 April 2008 113.46 129.93
1 May 2008 112.52 128.73
2 May 2008 116.32 128.90
5 May 2008 119.97 129.04
6 May 2008 121.85 129.82
7 May 2008 123.53 130.25
8 May 2008 123.70 130.60
9 May 2008 125.97 131.24
12 May 2008 124.24 131.44
13 May 2008 125.80 131.61
14 May 2008 124.23 131.09
15 May 2008 124.12 129.34
16 May 2008 126.30 129.83
19 May 2008 127.06 129.18
20 May 2008 129.08 128.17
21 May 2008 132.78 128.77
22 May 2008 130.22 128.16
23 May 2008 131.60 128.01
26 May 2008 ND ND
27 May 2008 128.85 127.80
28 May 2008 131.04 126.92
29 May 2008 126.63 126.01
30 May 2008 127.36 126.09
2 June 2008 127.76 126.15
3 June 2008 124.31 125.84
4 June 2008 122.30 125.73
5 June 2008 127.79 126.36
6 June 2008 138.55 127.36
9 June 2008 134.35 127.15
10 June 2008 131.31 126.53
11 June 2008 136.38 127.68
12 June 2008 136.74 127.70
13 June 2008 134.87 128.53
16 June 2008 134.62 128.84
17 June 2008 134.01 128.72
18 June 2008 136.68 129.51
19 June 2008 131.93 129.34
20 June 2008 134.63 129.92
23 June 2008 136.00 130.12
24 June 2008 136.40 130.24
25 June 2008 134.00 130.42
26 June 2008 139.65 132.08
27 June 2008 140.21 132.23
30 June 2008 140.00 131.81
1 July 2008 140.97 132.33
2 July 2008 143.57 133.01
3 July 2008 145.28 132.07
4 July 2008 ND ND
7 July 2008 141.38 129.15
8 July 2008 136.04 129.18
9 July 2008 136.06 129.18
10 July 2008 141.66 129.87
11 July 2008* 145.66 130.64
14 July 2008 145.18 129.94
15 July 2008 138.74 129.63
16 July 2008 134.60 129.60
17 July 2008 129.29 129.17
18 July 2008 128.88 128.73
21 July 2008 131.04 127.98
22 July 2008 127.95 127.59
23 July 2008 123.69 126.70
24 July 2008 124.74 126.75
25 July 2008 123.26 126.83
28 July 2008 124.74 126.73
29 July 2008 122.19 126.96
30 July 2008 126.77 126.91
31 July 2008 124.08 127.14
1 August 2008 123.26 126.58
4 August 2008 121.41 124.04
5 August 2008 119.17 123.76
6 August 2008 118.58 123.51
7 August 2008 120.02 124.62
8 August 2008 115.20 123.28
11 August 2008 114.45 122.40
12 August 2008 113.02 122.14
13 August 2008 116.00 123.09
14 August 2008 115.00 123.01
15 August 2008 113.77 121.79
18 August 2008 112.88 122.52
19 August 2008 114.53 122.91
20 August 2008 114.98 123.02
21 August 2008 120.93 124.74
22 August 2008 114.70 124.28
25 August 2008 115.27 124.03
26 August 2008 116.77 123.17
27 August 2008 118.65 123.29
28 August 2008 116.09 121.66
29 August 2008 115.96 121.31
1 September 2008 ND ND
2 September 2008 110.21 120.03
3 September 2008 109.35 120.21
4 September 2008 107.89 120.51
5 September 2008 106.23 118.80
8 September 2008 106.34 118.76
9 September 2008 103.26 118.29
10 September 2008 102.58 118.00
11 September 2008 100.87 118.10
12 September 2008 101.18 118.64
15 September 2008 95.71 117.15
16 September 2008 91.15 115.21
17 September 2008 97.16 115.70
18 September 2008 97.88 114.96
19 September 2008 104.55 116.21
22 September 2008 120.92 117.69
23 September 2008 107.86 117.23
24 September 2008 106.73 116.89
25 September 2008 108.02 117.04
26 September 2008 106.90 116.65
29 September 2008 96.38 114.87
30 September 2008 100.64 114.10
1 October 2008 98.53 113.85
2 October 2008 93.97 112.03
3 October 2008 93.89 111.38
6 October 2008 87.82 109.32
7 October 2008 90.06 108.34
8 October 2008 88.95 107.15
9 October 2008 86.60 106.16
10 October 2008 77.70 102.80
13 October 2008 81.19 104.41
14 October 2008 78.63 104.16
15 October 2008 74.55 102.34
16 October 2008 69.85 101.05
17 October 2008 71.85 101.58
20 October 2008 74.64 99.90
21 October 2008 70.89 98.68
22 October 2008 65.96 97.33
23 October 2008 66.74 96.75
24 October 2008 63.05 95.40
27 October 2008 63.22 95.87
28 October 2008 62.73 96.68
29 October 2008 68.70 98.90
30 October 2008 65.96 96.17
31 October 2008 67.81 94.72
3 November 2008 63.91 94.86
4 November 2008 70.53 96.38
5 November 2008 65.30 94.68
6 November 2008 60.77 93.72
7 November 2008 61.04 93.35
10 November 2008 62.41 93.83
11 November 2008 59.33 92.71
12 November 2008 56.16 92.22
13 November 2008 58.24 92.52
14 November 2008 57.04 92.97
17 November 2008 54.95 92.17
18 November 2008 54.39 91.75
19 November 2008 53.62 89.54
20 November 2008 49.62 87.48
21 November 2008 49.13 87.31
24 November 2008 53.30 88.32
25 November 2008 49.77 87.89
26 November 2008 54.44 88.89
27 November 2008 ND ND
28 November 2008 54.44 89.20
1 December 2008 49.28 87.45
2 December 2008 46.96 86.53
3 December 2008 46.79 86.09
4 December 2008 43.67 83.69
5 December 2008 40.81 82.56
8 December 2008 43.71 83.59
9 December 2008 42.07 83.02
10 December 2008 43.52 83.60
11 December 2008 47.98 83.94
12 December 2008 46.28 83.22
15 December 2008 44.51 83.91
16 December 2008 43.60 84.54
17 December 2008 40.06 85.44
18 December 2008 36.22 85.52
19 December 2008 33.87 85.09
22 December 2008 30.81 86.34
23 December 2008 33.98 85.38
24 December 2008 32.35 85.37
25 December 2008 ND ND
26 December 2008 32.35 85.43
29 December 2008 40.02 85.55
30 December 2008 39.03 86.32
31 December 2008 44.60 87.13
1 January 2009 ND ND
2 January 2009 46.34 88.05
5 January 2009 48.81 88.33
6 January 2009 48.58 90.20
7 January 2009 42.63 89.69
8 January 2009 41.70 89.27
9 January 2009 40.83 90.49
12 January 2009 37.59 89.28
13 January 2009 37.78 89.17
14 January 2009 37.28 89.00
15 January 2009 35.40 88.98
16 January 2009 36.51 89.89
19 January 2009 ND ND
20 January 2009 38.74 89.04
21 January 2009 42.25 88.92
22 January 2009 42.27 89.05
23 January 2009 45.47 89.54
26 January 2009 45.73 89.84

* Peak oil price  Return to table

Top-right panel
Financial Investors' Net Oil Futures Positions

Thousands of contracts
Period Noncommercial traders Index investors
8 January 2008 97.09 ND
15 January 2008 88.86 ND
22 January 2008 32.39 ND
29 January 2008 21.34 ND
5 February 2008 20.83 ND
12 February 2008 31.57 ND
19 February 2008 55.20 ND
26 February 2008 85.67 ND
4 March 2008 102.06 ND
11 March 2008 115.15 ND
18 March 2008 83.12 ND
25 March 2008 44.96 ND
31 March 2008 ND 398.00
1 April 2008 37.70 ND
8 April 2008 57.17 ND
15 April 2008 63.53 ND
22 April 2008 79.85 ND
29 April 2008 70.30 ND
6 May 2008 72.04 ND
13 May 2008 76.11 ND
20 May 2008 54.15 ND
27 May 2008 39.02 ND
3 June 2008 30.87 ND
10 June 2008 22.28 ND
17 June 2008 5.73 ND
24 June 2008 20.60 ND
30 June 2008 ND 363.00
1 July 2008 26.51 ND
8 July 2008 14.15 ND
15 July 2008* 22.38 ND
22 July 2008 -3.64 ND
29 July 2008 -0.66 ND
5 August 2008 -5.55 ND
12 August 2008 -9.13 ND
19 August 2008 11.66 ND
26 August 2008 20.17 ND
2 September 2008 14.33 ND
9 September 2008 6.34 ND
16 September 2008 19.38 ND
23 September 2008 41.73 ND
30 September 2008 40.09 ND
7 October 2008 3.69 ND
14 October 2008 -1.90 ND
21 October 2008 0.48 ND
28 October 2008 -8.41 ND
4 November 2008 -10.54 ND
11 November 2008 -52.98 ND
18 November 2008 10.99 ND
25 November 2008 2.79 ND
2 December 2008 2.25 ND
9 December 2008 10.81 ND
16 December 2008 64.12 ND
22 December 2008 72.57 ND
30 December 2008 64.55 ND

* Peak oil price on 11 July 2008  Return to table

Other approximate values: Noncommercial traders, 3 December 2007: 34.4. 10 December 2007: 38.1. 17 December 2007: 29.3. 24 December 2007: 48.6. 31 December 2007: 87.8. 6 January 2009: 76.2. 13 January 2009: 53.7. Index investors, 31 December 2007: 408.

Source: CFTC.

Middle-left panel
U.S. Crude Oil Inventories

Weekly
Millions of barrels
Period Deviation from historical average
5 January 2007 14.65
12 January 2007 20.76
19 January 2007 20.90
26 January 2007 22.94
2 February 2007 21.57
9 February 2007 19.39
16 February 2007 21.50
23 February 2007 21.33
2 March 2007 14.65
9 March 2007 13.40
16 March 2007 14.89
23 March 2007 11.60
30 March 2007 13.47
6 April 2007 12.44
13 April 2007 9.85
20 April 2007 10.33
27 April 2007 9.91
4 May 2007 14.80
11 May 2007 15.99
18 May 2007 18.08
25 May 2007 16.24
1 June 2007 16.61
8 June 2007 17.76
15 June 2007 25.72
22 June 2007 28.35
29 June 2007 32.56
6 July 2007 32.92
13 July 2007 34.43
20 July 2007 35.28
27 July 2007 30.73
3 August 2007 28.43
10 August 2007 24.95
17 August 2007 28.53
24 August 2007 26.73
31 August 2007 24.45
7 September 2007 18.37
14 September 2007 15.43
21 September 2007 18.21
28 September 2007 20.28
5 October 2007 17.26
12 October 2007 16.79
19 October 2007 9.24
26 October 2007 3.09
2 November 2007 0.91
9 November 2007 4.63
16 November 2007 4.46
23 November 2007 4.91
30 November 2007 -2.11
7 December 2007 -1.07
14 December 2007 -6.90
21 December 2007 -8.45
28 December 2007 -10.75
4 January 2008 -17.11
11 January 2008 -13.50
18 January 2008 -11.85
25 January 2008 -8.95
1 February 2008 -2.67
8 February 2008 -3.14
15 February 2008 -0.47
22 February 2008 1.23
29 February 2008 -3.36
7 March 2008 0.38
14 March 2008 -1.92
21 March 2008 -4.27
28 March 2008 0.61
4 April 2008 -4.49
11 April 2008 -8.44
18 April 2008 -7.61
25 April 2008 -5.36
2 May 2008 -0.81
9 May 2008 -0.51
16 May 2008 -5.70
23 May 2008 -14.47
30 May 2008 -19.15
6 June 2008 -22.78
13 June 2008 -22.96
20 June 2008 -21.09
27 June 2008 -22.01
4 July 2008 -26.28
11 July 2008* -21.37
18 July 2008 -20.98
25 July 2008 -19.11
1 August 2008 -15.58
8 August 2008 -14.21
15 August 2008 -3.13
22 August 2008 -1.62
29 August 2008 -1.83
5 September 2008 -6.51
12 September 2008 -11.91
19 September 2008 -12.49
26 September 2008 -7.28
3 October 2008 0.41
10 October 2008 3.77
17 October 2008 4.69
24 October 2008 2.93
31 October 2008 0.72
7 November 2008 1.64
14 November 2008 4.14
21 November 2008 12.33
28 November 2008 12.77
5 December 2008 14.67
12 December 2008 16.95
19 December 2008 15.61
26 December 2008 17.91
2 January 2009 25.66

* Peak oil price on 11 July 2008  Return to table

Other approximate values: 9 January 2009: 26.2. 16 January 2009: 31.6.

Middle-right panel
Oil Demand

Four-quarter percent change
Period World Advanced economies Emerging economies
2007:Q1 0.40 -2.01 3.21
2007:Q2 1.48 -0.73 3.95
2007:Q3 1.06 -0.96 3.36
2007:Q4 1.46 -0.60 3.80
2008:Q1 0.80 -1.78 3.67
2008:Q2 0.75 -2.17 3.87
2008:Q3* -0.58 -5.12 4.37
2008:Q4 -2.19 -4.72 0.55

* Peak oil price on 11 July 2008  Return to table

Bottom-left panel
Oil Production

Millions of barrels per day
Period OPEC* Non-OPEC
January 2007 28.39 49.84
February 2007 27.93 50.24
March 2007 28.03 49.99
April 2007 27.96 50.13
May 2007 27.80 49.77
June 2007 27.87 49.39
July 2007 28.15 49.72
August 2007 28.05 49.08
September 2007 28.51 48.89
October 2007 28.93 49.83
November 2007 28.56 49.75
December 2007 28.80 49.61
January 2008 29.35 49.76
February 2008 29.35 49.90
March 2008 28.82 49.88
April 2008 28.62 49.75
May 2008 28.71 49.82
June 2008 29.41 49.53
July 2008** 29.39 50.02
August 2008 29.16 48.79
September 2008 29.04 47.89
October 2008 29.00 49.16
November 2008 28.01 49.79
December 2008 27.67 50.13
January 2009 target 24.85 ND

* Excluding Indonesia and Iraq.  Return to table

** Peak oil price on 11 July 2008  Return to table

Bottom-right panel
Commodity Price Outlook

Period Oil import price
(Dollars per barrel)
Nonfuel index
(Jan. 2007 = 100)
January 2007 53.11 100.00
February 2007 52.60 102.22
March 2007 56.21 104.38
April 2007 60.95 109.60
May 2007 64.13 110.86
June 2007 65.36 109.33
July 2007 69.08 108.66
August 2007 70.24 103.49
September 2007 70.45 105.13
October 2007 74.66 106.45
November 2007 81.96 105.75
December 2007 84.01 104.60
January 2008 85.41 111.12
February 2008 85.66 118.32
March 2008 91.56 122.57
April 2008 98.88 121.87
May 2008 108.45 120.23
June 2008 118.63 121.21
July 2008 124.68 121.87
August 2008 118.64 114.62
September 2008 107.12 108.65
October 2008 91.54 92.22
November 2008 64.99 84.42
December 2008 47.35 77.65
January 2009 45.78 79.66
Forecast
February 2009 45.51 79.37
March 2009 45.37 79.58
April 2009 44.26 79.78
May 2009 44.42 80.04
June 2009 44.99 80.25
July 2009 46.10 80.48
August 2009 46.94 81.06
September 2009 47.51 80.77
October 2009 48.07 81.42
November 2009 48.62 81.54
December 2009 49.14 81.79
January 2010 49.82 82.03
February 2010 50.49 82.24
March 2010 51.11 82.45
April 2010 51.68 82.61
May 2010 52.21 82.74
June 2010 52.69 82.84
July 2010 53.14 82.95
August 2010 53.59 83.05
September 2010 54.03 83.15
October 2010 54.45 83.26
November 2010 54.83 83.37
December 2010 55.19 83.51

Exhibit 15 (Last Exhibit)
Prices

Top-left panel
Consumer Price Indexes

Four-quarter percent change
Period Canada United Kingdom Euro area Japan
2007:Q1 1.90 2.88 1.90 -0.10
2007:Q2 2.14 2.54 1.87 -0.07
2007:Q3 2.10 1.80 1.89 -0.13
2007:Q4 2.44 2.09 2.90 0.53
2008:Q1 1.78 2.39 3.36 0.97
2008:Q2 2.27 3.36 3.62 1.36
2008:Q3 3.37 4.79 3.84 2.16
Forecast
2008:Q4 2.08 3.86 2.29 1.19
2009:Q1 1.15 2.56 1.07 -0.05
2009:Q2 -0.28 1.40 0.99 -0.93
2009:Q3 -1.28 0.13 0.73 -1.94
2009:Q4 -0.07 0.58 1.50 -1.47
2010:Q1 0.81 2.38 2.25 -0.62
2010:Q2 1.31 2.44 1.95 -0.31
2010:Q3 1.50 2.50 1.92 -0.30
2010:Q4 1.50 2.37 1.90 -0.30

Top-right panel
Consumer Price Indexes

Four-quarter percent change
Period Emerging Asia Latin America
2007:Q1 2.69 4.16
2007:Q2 3.06 4.16
2007:Q3 4.61 4.26
2007:Q4 5.36 4.27
2008:Q1 6.52 4.47
2008:Q2 7.09 5.50
2008:Q3 6.06 6.10
Forecast
2008:Q4 3.59 6.60
2009:Q1 1.20 6.38
2009:Q2 -0.10 5.43
2009:Q3 -0.58 4.50
2009:Q4 0.76 3.69
2010:Q1 1.73 3.38
2010:Q2 2.00 3.34
2010:Q3 2.20 3.31
2010:Q4 2.35 3.29

Middle-left panel
CPI Excluding Food and Energy*

12-month percent change
Period Canada United Kingdom Euro area Japan
January 2006 1.27 0.90 1.27 -0.63
February 2006 1.23 1.04 1.33 -0.52
March 2006 1.40 0.93 1.35 -0.56
April 2006 1.59 0.96 1.55 -0.61
May 2006 1.72 0.75 1.37 -0.55
June 2006 1.45 0.94 1.48 -0.39
July 2006 1.29 0.58 1.49 -0.37
August 2006 1.30 0.84 1.42 -0.38
September 2006 1.51 1.18 1.43 -0.49
October 2006 1.70 1.20 1.50 -0.43
November 2006 1.46 1.35 1.50 -0.20
December 2006 1.43 1.53 1.55 -0.26
January 2007 1.63 1.37 1.69 -0.24
February 2007 1.72 1.52 1.88 -0.29
March 2007 1.68 1.71 1.82 -0.38
April 2007 1.93 1.54 1.85 -0.25
May 2007 1.81 1.67 1.88 -0.28
June 2007 2.01 1.65 1.82 -0.43
July 2007 2.35 1.37 1.76 -0.43
August 2007 2.21 1.36 1.85 -0.24
September 2007 2.12 1.04 1.78 -0.28
October 2007 1.89 1.14 1.69 -0.22
November 2007 1.75 1.01 1.76 -0.15
December 2007 1.71 0.96 1.73 -0.16
January 2008 1.22 0.90 1.60 -0.06
February 2008 1.20 0.80 1.63 -0.08
March 2008 0.98 0.75 1.86 0.05
April 2008 0.98 1.01 1.52 -0.20
May 2008 1.09 1.14 1.61 -0.18
June 2008 1.18 1.22 1.68 -0.05
July 2008 1.06 1.48 1.59 0.05
August 2008 1.13 1.61 1.78 -0.04
September 2008 0.95 1.82 1.79 0.08
October 2008 0.75 1.45 1.87 0.02
November 2008 1.39 1.57 1.87 -0.10
December 2008 1.27 0.62 1.83 ND

* Staff estimates.  Return to text

Middle-right panel
CPI Excluding Food*

12-month percent change
Period Emerging Asia Latin America
January 2006 3.00 5.92
February 2006 2.95 5.84
March 2006 2.93 5.84
April 2006 2.88 5.70
May 2006 3.14 5.51
June 2006 3.01 5.35
July 2006 2.95 5.36
August 2006 2.95 5.35
September 2006 2.84 5.17
October 2006 2.43 4.78
November 2006 2.32 4.54
December 2006 2.29 4.59
January 2007 1.98 4.51
February 2007 2.20 4.55
March 2007 2.17 4.24
April 2007 1.99 4.06
May 2007 1.87 4.31
June 2007 1.86 4.45
July 2007 1.68 4.16
August 2007 1.55 4.09
September 2007 1.64 3.98
October 2007 1.97 4.23
November 2007 2.40 4.52
December 2007 2.39 4.60
January 2008 2.75 4.30
February 2008 2.79 4.39
March 2008 3.21 4.67
April 2008 3.35 4.71
May 2008 3.62 4.84
June 2008 4.67 5.00
July 2008 5.05 5.42
August 2008 4.75 5.81
September 2008 4.46 6.17
October 2008 3.98 6.33
November 2008 2.71 6.15
December 2008 ND 5.93

* Staff estimates.  Return to text

Bottom-left panel
Policy Rates

Percent
Period Canada United Kingdom Euro area Japan
2 January 2007 4.25 5.00 3.50 ND
4 January 2007 4.25 5.00 3.50 0.25
11 January 2007 4.25 5.25 3.50 0.25
21 February 2007 4.25 5.25 3.50 0.50
8 March 2007 4.25 5.25 3.75 0.50
10 May 2007 4.25 5.50 3.75 0.50
6 June 2007 4.25 5.50 4.00 0.50
5 July 2007 4.25 5.75 4.00 0.50
10 July 2007 4.50 5.75 4.00 0.50
4 December 2007 4.25 5.75 4.00 0.50
6 December 2007 4.25 5.50 4.00 0.50
22 January 2008 4.00 5.50 4.00 0.50
7 February 2008 4.00 5.25 4.00 0.50
4 March 2008 3.50 5.25 4.00 0.50
10 April 2008 3.50 5.00 4.00 0.50
22 April 2008 3.00 5.00 4.00 0.50
3 July 2008 3.00 5.00 4.25 0.50
8 October 2008 2.50 4.50 3.75 0.50
21 October 2008 2.25 4.50 3.75 0.50
31 October 2008 2.25 4.50 3.75 0.30
6 November 2008 2.25 3.00 3.25 0.30
4 December 2008 2.25 2.00 2.50 0.30
9 December 2008 1.50 2.00 2.50 0.30
19 December 2008 1.50 2.00 2.50 0.10
8 January 2009 1.50 1.50 2.50 0.10
15 January 2009 1.50 1.50 2.00 0.10
20 January 2009 1.00 1.50 2.00 0.10
Forecast
16 February 2009 0.50 0.75 1.25 0.10
1 April 2009 0.50 0.75 1.00 0.10
24 February 2010 0.50 0.75 1.25 0.10
25 May 2010 0.50 1.00 1.50 0.10
24 August 2010 0.50 1.25 1.75 0.10
16 November 2010 0.75 1.50 2.00 0.10
31 December 2010 0.75 1.50 2.00 0.10

Bottom-right panel
Policy Rates

Percent
Period Brazil Mexico China Korea
1 January 2007 ND 7.00 6.12 ND
2 January 2007 ND 7.00 6.12 4.50
3 January 2007 13.25 7.00 6.12 4.50
24 January 2007 13.00 7.00 6.12 4.50
1 March 2007 13.00 7.00 6.39 4.50
7 March 2007 12.75 7.00 6.39 4.50
19 April 2007 12.50 7.00 6.39 4.50
27 April 2007 12.50 7.25 6.39 4.50
1 May 2007 12.50 7.25 6.57 4.50
6 June 2007 12.00 7.25 6.57 4.50
2 July 2007 12.00 7.25 6.84 4.50
12 July 2007 12.00 7.25 6.84 4.75
19 July 2007 11.50 7.25 6.84 4.75
1 August 2007 11.50 7.25 7.02 4.75
9 August 2007 11.50 7.25 7.02 5.00
3 September 2007 11.50 7.25 7.29 5.00
6 September 2007 11.25 7.25 7.29 5.00
26 October 2007 11.25 7.50 7.29 5.00
3 December 2007 11.25 7.50 7.47 5.00
17 April 2008 11.75 7.50 7.47 5.00
5 June 2008 12.25 7.50 7.47 5.00
20 June 2008 12.25 7.75 7.47 5.00
18 July 2008 12.25 8.00 7.47 5.00
24 July 2008 13.00 8.00 7.47 5.00
7 August 2008 13.00 8.00 7.47 5.25
15 August 2008 13.00 8.25 7.47 5.25
1 September 2008 13.00 8.25 7.20 5.25
11 September 2008 13.75 8.25 7.20 5.25
1 October 2008 13.75 8.25 6.66 5.25
9 October 2008 13.75 8.25 6.66 5.00
27 October 2008 13.75 8.25 6.66 4.25
3 November 2008 13.75 8.25 5.58 4.25
7 November 2008 13.75 8.25 5.58 4.00
1 December 2008 13.75 8.25 5.31 4.00
11 December 2008 13.75 8.25 5.31 3.00
1 January 2009 13.75 8.25 4.77 3.00
9 January 2009 13.75 8.25 4.77 2.50
16 January 2009 13.75 7.75 4.77 2.50
19 January 2009 13.75 7.50 4.77 2.50
21 January 2009 12.75 7.50 4.77 2.50
Forecast
16 February 2009 12.50 7.50 4.77 2.50
1 April 2009 11.50 6.75 4.23 1.50
24 August 2009 11.25 6.25 4.23 1.50
24 November 2009 11.00 6.25 4.23 1.50
25 May 2010 11.00 6.25 4.50 1.50
24 August 2010 11.00 6.25 4.77 1.75
16 November 2010 11.00 6.25 5.04 1.75
31 December 2010 11.00 6.25 5.04 1.75


Appendix 3: Materials used by Mr. Madigan

Material for Briefing on FOMC Participants' Economic Projections
Brian Madigan
January 27, 2009

Class I FOMC - Restricted Controlled (FR)

Exhibit 1:
Economic Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011 and over the Longer Run

Central tendencies and ranges of economic projections for years 2009 through 2011 and over the longer run. Actual values for years 2004 through 2008.

Change in real GDP
Percent
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
Actual 3.1 2.7 2.4 2.3 -0.2 - - - -
Upper End of Range - - - - - 0.2 4.5 5.5 3.0
Upper End of Central Tendency - - - - - -0.5 3.3 5.0 2.7
Lower End of Central Tendency - - - - - -1.3 2.5 3.8 2.5
Lower End of Range - - - - - -2.5 1.5 2.3 2.4
Unemployment rate
Percent
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
Actual 5.4 4.9 4.4 4.8 6.9 - - - -
Upper End of Range - - - - - 9.2 9.2 8.0 5.5
Upper End of Central Tendency - - - - - 8.8 8.3 7.5 5.0
Lower End of Central Tendency - - - - - 8.5 8.0 6.7 4.8
Lower End of Range - - - - - 8.0 7.0 5.5 4.5
PCE inflation
Percent
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
Actual 3.1 3.3 1.9 3.5 1.7 - - - -
Upper End of Range - - - - - 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.0
Upper End of Central Tendency - - - - - 1.0 1.5 1.7 2.0
Lower End of Central Tendency - - - - - 0.3 1.0 0.9 1.7
Lower End of Range - - - - - -0.5 0.7 0.2 1.5
Core PCE inflation
Percent
 2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011 
Actual 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 1.8 - - -
Upper End of Range - - - - - 1.5 1.7 1.8
Upper End of Central Tendency - - - - - 1.1 1.5 1.5
Lower End of Central Tendency - - - - - 0.9 0.8 0.7
Lower End of Range - - - - - 0.6 0.4 0.0

Exhibit 2:
Economic Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011 and over the Longer Run

Real GDP Growth
2009 2010 2011 Longer-Run
Central Tendency -1.3 to -0.5 2.5 to 3.3 3.8 to 5.0 2.5 to 2.7
October projections -0.2 to 1.1 2.3 to 3.2 2.8 to 3.6 2.5 to 2.7
Range -2.5 to 0.2 1.5 to 4.5 2.3 to 5.5 2.4 to 3.0
October projections -1.0 to 1.8 1.0 to 4.5 2.0 to 5.0 2.0 to 2.9
Memo: Greenbook -0.8 2.6 4.9 2.7
October Greenbook -0.1 2.3 4.5 2.7
Unemployment Rate
2009 2010 2011 Longer-Run
Central Tendency 8.5 to 8.8 8.0 to 8.3 6.7 to 7.5 4.8 to 5.0
October projections 7.1 to 7.6 6.5 to 7.3 5.5 to 6.6 4.8 to 5.0
Range 8.0 to 9.2 7.0 to 9.2 5.5 to 8.0 4.5 to 5.5
October projections 6.6 to 8.0 5.5 to 8.0 4.9 to 7.3 4.5 to 5.8
Memo: Greenbook 8.4 8.1 6.7 4.8
October Greenbook 7.2 7.2 6.4 4.8
PCE Inflation
2009 2010 2011 Longer-Run
Central Tendency 0.3 to 1.0 1.0 to 1.5 0.9 to 1.7 1.7 to 2.0
October projections 1.3 to 2.0 1.4 to 1.8 1.4 to 1.7 1.7 to 1.8
Range -0.5 to 1.5 0.7 to 1.8 0.2 to 2.1 1.5 to 2.0
October projections 1.0 to 2.2 1.1 to 1.9 0.8 to 1.8 1.5 to 2.0
Memo: Greenbook 0.6 1.1 0.8 -----
October Greenbook 1.4 1.4 1.1 -----
Core PCE Inflation
2009 2010 2011
Central Tendency 0.9 to 1.1 0.8 to 1.5 0.7 to 1.5
October projections 1.5 to 2.0 1.3 to 1.8 1.3 to 1.7
Range 0.6 to 1.5 0.4 to 1.7 0.0 to 1.8
October projections 1.3 to 2.1 1.1 to 1.9 0.8 to 1.8
Memo: Greenbook 1.0 0.8 0.6
October Greenbook 1.5 1.3 1.1

Exhibit 3:
Risks and Uncertainty in Economic Projections

Uncertainty about GDP Growth
Lower   Similar    Higher
January 0 0 16
October 0 0 17
Risks to GDP Growth
Downside Balanced Upside
January 13 3 0
October 15 2 0
Uncertainty about PCE Inflation
Lower   Similar    Higher
January 0 2 14
October 2 2 13
Risks to PCE Inflation
Downside Balanced Upside
January 7 9 0
October 6 10 1

Exhibit 4:
GDP Growth Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011 and over the Longer Run

Histograms, four panels.

Number of participants
Percent range 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
-2.6 - -2.5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-2.4 - -2.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-2.2 - -2.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-2.0 - -1.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1.8 - -1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1.6 - -1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1.4 - -1.3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1.2 - -1.1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1.0 - -0.9 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.8 - -0.7 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.6 - -0.5 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.4 - -0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.2 - -0.1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.0 - 0.1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.2 - 0.3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.4 - 0.5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.6 - 0.7 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.8 - 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.0 - 1.1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2 - 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.4 - 1.5 0 1 2 2 0 0 0 0
1.6 - 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.8 - 1.9 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
2.0 - 2.1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
2.2 - 2.3 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
2.4 - 2.5 0 0 1 4 0 1 10 9
2.6 - 2.7 0 0 1 1 1 1 4 4
2.8 - 2.9 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 3
3.0 - 3.1 0 0 5 4 0 2 1 0
3.2 - 3.3 0 0 2 1 0 1 0 0
3.4 - 3.5 0 0 1 1 1 4 0 0
3.6 - 3.7 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
3.8 - 3.9 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0
4.0 - 4.1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
4.2 - 4.3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
4.4 - 4.5 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0
4.6 - 4.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.8 - 4.9 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
5.0 - 5.1 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 0
5.2 - 5.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.4 - 5.5 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

Note: Definitions of variables are in the general note to table 1.

Exhibit 5:
Unemployment Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011 and over the Longer Run

Histograms, four panels.

Number of participants
Percent range 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
4.4 - 4.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
4.6 - 4.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
4.8 - 4.9 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 5
5.0 - 5.1 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 8
5.2 - 5.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.4 - 5.5 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 1
5.6 - 5.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.8 - 5.9 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1
6.0 - 6.1 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
6.2 - 6.3 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
6.4 - 6.5 0 0 0 3 2 2 0 0
6.6 - 6.7 0 1 0 1 1 3 0 0
6.8 - 6.9 0 0 0 4 2 0 0 0
7.0 - 7.1 0 3 1 2 2 1 0 0
7.2 - 7.3 0 4 0 2 3 1 0 0
7.4 - 7.5 0 5 1 1 3 0 0 0
7.6 - 7.7 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0
7.8 - 7.9 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
8.0 - 8.1 2 1 4 1 1 0 0 0
8.2 - 8.3 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0
8.4 - 8.5 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
8.6 - 8.7 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8.8 - 8.9 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.0 - 9.1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
9.2 - 9.3 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

Note: Definitions of variables are in the general note to table 1.

Exhibit 6:
PCE Inflation Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011 and over the Longer Run

Histograms, four panels.

Number of participants
Percent range 2009 2010 2011 Longer Run
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
-0.5 - -0.4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.3 - -0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.1 - 0.0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.1 - 0.2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0.3 - 0.4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.5 - 0.6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.7 - 0.8 4 0 1 0 2 1 0 0
0.9 - 1.0 3 1 4 0 2 0 0 0
1.1 - 1.2 1 2 4 1 1 1 0 0
1.3 - 1.4 0 3 1 3 1 3 0 0
1.5 - 1.6 1 2 3 6 5 7 3 3
1.7 - 1.8 0 5 3 5 3 5 2 11
1.9 - 2.0 0 1 0 2 0 0 11 3
2.1 - 2.2 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0

Note: Definitions of variables are in the general note to table 1.

Exhibit 7:
Core PCE Inflation Projections of FOMC Participants for 2009 to 2011

Histograms, three panels.

Number of participants
Percent range 2009 2010 2011
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
January
projections
October
projections
-0.1 - 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0
0.1 - 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.3 - 0.4 0 0 1 0 0 0
0.5 - 0.6 1 0 0 0 1 0
0.7 - 0.8 0 0 4 0 2 1
0.9 - 1.0 11 0 3 0 2 0
1.1 - 1.2 2 0 2 1 1 2
1.3 - 1.4 1 2 2 5 3 3
1.5 - 1.6 1 4 3 6 4 7
1.7 - 1.8 0 4 1 4 2 4
1.9 - 2.0 0 6 0 1 0 0
2.1 - 2.2 0 1 0 0