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Federal Reserve Board of Governors

Credit and Liquidity Programs and the Balance Sheet

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Collateral and rate setting

Tables posted on February 23, 2009

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Collateral Eligibility, Valuation, and Haircuts by Program

Interest Rate Setting

 

Collateral Eligibility, Valuation, and Haircuts by Program

Lending to depository institutions

Program Collateral Eligibility, Valuation, and Haircuts
Primary, Secondary, Seasonal, and TAF Credit (Depository Institutions)

Eligibility: The Federal Reserve is willing to consider any sound asset that can be held by a depository institution. Margins for commonly accepted assets.

Valuation and Haircuts: Where possible, collateral is marked to market daily using information supplied by a pricing service.1

  • The lendable value of such collateral incorporates a haircut that reflects the liquidity and credit and interest rate risk of the asset.

For assets that cannot be marked to market, a haircut is applied to the par value in the case of a security or to the outstanding balance in the case of a loan.

  • The haircuts applied to such non-priced collateral are generally substantially larger than those applied to collateral that can be marked to market to account for reduced liquidity.

Footnotes

1. Daily pricing was implemented on January 30, 2009. Prior to that, collateral was priced weekly. Return to text

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Lending to primary dealers

Program Collateral Eligibility, Valuation, and Haircuts
Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF)

Eligibility: All assets that are eligible for tri-party repo arrangements with the major clearing banks are eligible collateral.

Valuation and Haircuts: Assets are priced by the borrower's clearing bank, using the lowest price available in the clearing bank's valuation systems.

  • For collateral that is eligible for open market operations (OMOs)--Treasury, agency, and agency mortgage-backed securities--the haircuts are those used for OMOs.
  • For non-OMO-eligible collateral, haircuts are assigned based on the riskiness of the asset and are generally higher than for OMO-eligible collateral.

Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF) and TSLF Options Program (TOP)

Eligibility: OMO-eligible collateral and investment-grade corporate, municipal, mortgage-backed, and asset-backed securities

Valuation and Haircuts: Assets are priced by the borrower's clearing bank, using the lowest price available in the clearing bank's valuation systems.

  • For OMO-eligible collateral, the haircuts are those used for OMOs.
  • For non-OMO-eligible collateral, haircuts are assigned based on the risk of the asset and are generally higher than for OMO-eligible collateral.
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Other lending facilities

Program Collateral Eligibility, Valuation, and Haircuts
Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility (AMLF)

Eligibility: U.S. dollar-denominated asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) rated at least A-1/P-1/F1. The ABCP must be purchased from a money market mutual fund (MMMF).

Valuation and Haircuts: Pledged ABCP is valued at the amortized cost at which the ABCP was originally acquired by the MMMF (the program requires the borrower to purchase the ABCP from the MMMF at that price). There is no haircut applied.

Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF)

Eligibility: Three-month U.S. dollar-denominated CP (including ABCP) that is rated at least A-1/P-1/F1.

Risk Management: CPFF assets are purchased by a special purpose vehicle (SPV). ABCP purchased by the SPV is backed by underlying assets. Unsecured CP purchased by the SPV is subject to an additional fee, indorsement/guarantee, or separate collateral arrangement. The CPFF also collects registration and other fees that provide a cushion against potential loss.

Money Market Investor Funding Facility (MMIFF)

Eligibility: U.S. dollar-denominated CDs, bank notes, and CP with a remaining maturity of 90 days or less issued by designated financial institutions that have a short-term debt rating of at least A-1/P-1/F1 from two or more major NRSROs.

Risk Management: MMIFF assets are purchased by a series of special purpose vehicles established by the private sector (PSPVs). The Federal Reserve lends, on a senior secured basis, 90 percent of the price of the assets. First loss is taken by the sellers of the assets, who fund the remaining 10 percent by purchasing subordinated ABCP issued by the PSVPs.

Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF)

Eligibility: Asset-backed securities (ABS) backed by auto loans, student loans, credit cards loans, or SBA-guaranteed small business loans. The ABS must have two or more top (for example, AAA) ratings or, in the case of SBA ABS, must be fully guaranteed by the U.S. Government.

Valuations and Haircuts: The ABS must have been purchased by a third party and valued at a market price. Haircuts are designed to exceed four times the estimate of stressed losses.

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Collateral Pledged to Various Facilities

Lending to Depository Institutions: Collateral Pledged1

Lendable Value, $ Billions
AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2008 VALUE
   
Loans
Commercial 456
Residential Mortgage 159
Commercial Real Estate 158
Consumer 203
Securities
US Treasury/Agency 26
Municipal 54
Corporate Market Instruments 103
MBS/CMO: Agency-backed 63
MBS/CMO: Other 79
Asset-backed 176
International (Sovereign, Agency, Municipal, and Corporate) 48
Total 1,524

Footnotes

1. Information in this section will be updated approximately every 60 days. Components may not sum to total due to rounding. Return to text

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Lending to Primary Dealers: Collateral Pledged

Primary Dealer Credit Facility Collateral1
Lendable Value, $ Billions
AS-OF DECEMBER 17, 2008 VALUE
   
Securities
US Treasury/Agency 1
Municipal 8
Corporate Market Instruments 11
MBS/CMO: Agency-backed 0
MBS/CMO: Other 3
Asset-backed 4
International Sovereign, Agency, and Corporate 4
Equity (US- and foreign-denominated) 20
Other
Loans 1
Total* 51

Footnotes

1. Information in this section will be updated approximately every 60 days. Components may not sum to total due to rounding. Return to text

 

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Term Securities Lending Facility Collateral1
Lendable Value, $ Billions
AS-OF DECEMBER 17, 2008 VALUE
   
Securities
US Treasury/Agency 2
Municipal 8
Corporate Market Instruments 28
MBS/CMO: Agency-backed 148
MBS/CMO: Other 32
Asset-backed 18
Total 235

Footnotes

1. Information in this section will be updated approximately every 60 days. Components may not sum to total due to rounding. Return to text

 

All Lending Programs: Collateral Pledged

Lending to depository institutions

Lending Program Authorized by Collateral value (billions of dollars)1 Credit extended(billions of dollars) Date
Board under Sec. 13(3) authority FOMC
Primary, Secondary, Seasonal, and Term Auction Facility (TAF) Credit     1,3322 538 Dec. 17, 2008

Footnotes

1. Lendable value after application of appropriate margins. Return to text

2. For all depository institutions that were borrowing on the date shown. The value of collateral pledged by all depository institutions was $1,524 billion. Return to text

 

Lending to primary dealers

Lending Program Authorized by Collateral value (billions of dollars) Credit extended (billions of dollars) Date
Board under Sec. 13(3) authority FOMC
Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF) X   51 47 Dec. 17, 2008
Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF) and TSLF Options Program (TOP) X X 235 182 Dec. 17, 2008

 

Other lending facilities

Lending Program Authorized by Collateral value (billions of dollars) Credit extended (billions of dollars) Date
Board under Sec. 13(3) authority FOMC
Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility (AMLF)1 X   27 27 Dec. 17, 2008
Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF) X   319 318 Dec. 17, 2008
Money Market Investor Funding Facility (MMIFF) X   0 0 --
Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF)1 X   not yet implemented not yet implemented --

Footnotes

NOTE: The collateral and loan amounts shown correspond to the data in the final column. This date reflects the most recent report issued to the Congress under Section 129 of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.

1. Loans under this program are non-recourse loans. Return to text

 

Support for specific institutions

Lending Program Authorized by Collateral value (billions of dollars) Credit extended (billions of dollars) Date
Board under Sec. 13(3) authority FOMC
Loan to Maiden Lane LLC to facilitate the acquisition by JPMorgan Chase & Co. of Bear Stearns X   271 29 Dec. 17, 2008
Loans to American International Group, Inc. (AIG) X   assets of AIG 2 42 Dec. 17, 2008
Loan to Maiden Lane II LLC as part of AIG assistance package X   20 20 Dec. 17, 2008
Loan to Maiden Lane III LLC as part of AIG assistance package X   20 15 Dec. 17, 2008
Certain residual financing for Citigroup, Inc.3 X   0.0 0.0 --
Certain residual financing for Bank of America3 X   0.0 0.0 --

Footnotes

NOTE: The collateral and loan amounts shown correspond to the data in the final column. This date reflects the most recent report issued to the Congress under Section 129 of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.

1. Despite the decline in the current fair value of the collateral, the Board does not anticipate that this loan will result in any net loss to the Federal Reserve or taxpayers. The loan to Maiden Lane LLC was extended with the expectation that the full value of its portfolio (the collateral) would be realized either by holding the assets to maturity or by selling the assets in an orderly manner over an extended period of time. In addition, JPMorgan Chase will absorb the first $1.1 billion of realized losses, should any occur. Moreover, under the terms of the agreement, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is entitled to receive interest payments on the loan to Maiden Lane, as well as any residual cash flow generated by the collateral after the loans to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and JPMorgan Chase are repaid. Return to text

2. This lending is secured by a pledge of assets of AIG and its primary non-regulated subsidiaries, including AIG's ownership interest in its regulated U.S. and foreign subsidiaries. Furthermore, AIG's obligations to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York are guaranteed by each of AIG's domestic, nonregulated subsidiaries that have more than $50 million in assets. These guarantees themselves are separately secured by assets pledged to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York by the relevant guarantor. Additional subsidiaries of AIG may be added as guarantors over time. In light of the complexities involved in valuing the extremely broad and diverse range of collateral and guarantees securing these advances, any estimate of the aggregate value that ultimately will or may be received from the sale of collateral or the enforcement of the guarantees in the future would be speculative and could interfere with the goal of maximizing value through the company's global divestiture program and, consequently, diminish the proceeds available to repay the loan. Given the substantial assets and operations supporting repayment of the loan, as well as the equity interest in AIG that the U.S. Treasury Department has received or will receive, the Federal Reserve does not expect that this lending to AIG will result in any net loss to the Federal Reserve or taxpayers.Loans under this program are non-recourse as to principal. Return to text

3. Loans under this program are non-recourse loans. Return to text

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Interest rate setting for Federal Reserve lending programs1

As of January 29, 2009

Lending to depository institutions

Lending Program Eligible Borrowers Setting of Interest Rate
Primary Credit Depository institutions (DIs) in generally sound financial condition Recommended by the Boards of Directors of the Reserve Banks and approved by the Board of Governors2
Secondary Credit DIs that do not qualify for primary credit Spread above the primary credit rate, currently 50 basis points
Seasonal Credit Smaller DIs with a regular seasonal need for funds Average of the effective federal funds rate and the three-month CD rate, typically resulting in a rate close to the federal funds rate target
Term Auction Facility (TAF) DIs in generally sound financial condition Set in an auction process subject to a minimum bid rate. Currently, the minimum bid rate is set equal to the rate that Reserve Banks pay on excess reserve balances3
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Lending to primary dealers

Lending Program Eligible Borrowers Setting of Interest Rate
Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF) Banks and securities broker-dealers that trade in U.S. Government securities with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York ("Primary Dealers") Equal to the primary credit rate in effect at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF) and
TSLF Options Program (TOP)
Primary Dealers Set in an auction process subject to a minimum bid rate. The TSLF minimum bid rate is 10 or 25 basis points, depending on the type of collateral used in the auction. The TOP minimum bid rate is 1 basis point
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Other lending facilities

Lending Program Eligible Borrowers Setting of Interest Rate
Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility (AMLF) DIs and bank holding companies (to finance purchases of high-quality asset-backed commercial paper from money market mutual funds under certain conditions) Equal to the primary credit rate in effect at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston at the time the advance is made
Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF) A special purpose vehicle that purchases three-month unsecured and asset-backed commercial paper directly from eligible issuers Equal to the Federal Open Market Committee's target federal funds rate at the time loan is made
Money Market Investor Funding Facility
(MMIFF)*
Special purpose vehicles established by the private sector that will purchase eligible money market instruments from eligible money market investors Equal to the primary credit rate in effect at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF)* Holders of certain AAA-rated asset-backed securities backed by newly and recently originated consumer and small business loans Borrowers choose between fixed interest rate (100 basis points over the 3-year Libor swap rate) and floating interest rate (100 basis points over 1-month Libor)
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Support for specific institutions

Lending Program Eligible Borrowers Setting of Interest Rate
Loan to Maiden Lane LLC to facilitate the acquisition by JPMorgan Chase & Co. of Bear Stearns A limited liability company (Maiden Lane LLC) that acquired about $30 billion of less liquid assets of The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. Equal to the rate in effect from time to time for primary credit at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Loans to American International Group, Inc. American International Group, Inc. (AIG) Three-month Libor plus 300 basis points4
Loan to Maiden Lane II LLC as part of AIG assistance package A limited liability company (Maiden Lane II LLC) that acquired residential mortgage-backed securities from AIG One-month Libor plus 100 basis points
Loan to Maiden Lane III LLC as part of AIG assistance package A limited liability company (Maiden Lane III LLC) that acquired collateralized debt obligations from counterparties of AIG One-month Libor plus 100 basis points
Lending authority to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac* Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Equal to the primary credit rate in effect at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Certain residual financing for Citigroup, Inc.* Citigroup, Inc. (if needed to help finance a pool of assets that the U.S. Government has agreed to guarantee) A floating rate equal to the 3-month overnight index swap rate plus 300 basis points, reset quarterly
Certain residual financing for Bank of America* Bank of America (if needed to help finance a pool of assets that the U.S. Government has agreed to guarantee) A floating rate equal to an overnight index swap rate plus 300 basis points (term of OIS to be determined)

Footnotes

NOTE: *No loans have been extended under these programs.

1. Rates for all programs are proposed by the board of directors of the lending Reserve Bank and approved by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Return to text

2. Current and historical primary, secondary, and seasonal rates can be found at
http://www.frbdiscountwindow.org/currentdiscountrates.cfm?hdrID=20&dtlID=51. Return to text

3. Prior to January 12, 2009, the minimum bid rate was based on a measure of the average expected overnight Fed Funds rate over the term of the credit being auctioned. Return to text

4. Prior to November 10, 2008, the rate was three-month Libor plus 850 basis points. Return to text

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Last update: February 23, 2009