Recent Developments in Household Net worth and Domestic Financial Debt

The net worth of households and nonprofits fell to $143.3 trillion during the third quarter of 2022. The value of directly and indirectly held corporate equities decreased $1.9 trillion and the value of real estate increased $0.8 trillion.

Domestic nonfinancial debt outstanding was $68.5 trillion at the end of the third quarter of 2022, of which household debt was $18.8 trillion, nonfinancial business debt was $19.8 trillion, and total government debt was $29.8 trillion.

Domestic nonfinancial debt expanded 4.9 percent at an annual rate in the third quarter of 2022, down from an annual rate of 6.5 percent in the previous quarter.

Household debt increased 6.3 percent at an annual rate in the third quarter of 2022. Consumer credit grew at an annual rate of 7 percent, while mortgage debt (excluding charge-offs) grew at an annual rate of 6.6 percent.

Nonfinancial business debt rose at an annual rate of 5.3 percent in the third quarter of 2022, down from a 7.7 percent annual rate in the previous quarter.

Federal government debt increased 4.2 percent at an annual rate in the third quarter of 2022, down from a 5.6 percent annual rate in the previous quarter.

State and local government debt contracted at an annual rate of 0.6 percent in the third quarter of 2022, after expanding at an annual rate of 1.6 percent in the previous quarter.

Household Net Worth and Growth of Nonfinancial Debt
Year Household Net Worth1 Growth of domestic nonfinancial debt; Total 2 Growth of domestic nonfinancial debt; Households Growth of domestic nonfinancial debt; Businesses Growth of domestic nonfinancial debt; Federal government Growth of domestic nonfinancial debt; State and local gov'ts
2012 72,068 4.7 0.5 5.7 10.1 -0.0
2013 80,649 4.2 2.3 4.9 6.7 -0.2
2014 86,762 3.8 1.2 6.8 5.4 -2.2
2015 89,736 4.4 2.3 7.0 5.0 0.5
2016 94,727 4.3 3.1 5.1 5.6 1.0
2017 103,439 4.2 3.9 6.1 3.7 -0.0
2018 104,041 4.7 3.1 4.5 7.6 -1.2
2019 116,539 4.7 3.3 4.9 6.6 -0.1
2020 131,344 12.4 3.8 9.2 24.1 2.9
2021 150,122 6.3 7.4 5.0 7.1 2.2
2020:Q3 122,606 4.8 5.7 0.3 7.5 5.6
2020:Q4 131,344 5.8 6.1 0.9 9.9 1.6
2021:Q1 136,220 5.2 6.9 4.9 4.6 3.4
2021:Q2 142,159 7.2 7.4 2.4 11.2 3.2
2021:Q3 145,306 3.4 6.4 5.2 0.1 3.0
2021:Q4 150,122 8.8 8.1 7.0 12.1 -1.0
2022:Q1 149,954 8.3 8.2 7.8 10.2 -2.8
2022:Q2 143,670 6.5 7.4 7.7 5.6 1.6
2022:Q3 143,278 4.9 6.3 5.3 4.2 -0.6
  1. Shown on table B.101, which includes nonprofit organizations. Billions of dollars; amounts outstanding end of period, not seasonally adjusted. Return to table
  2. Percentage changes calculated as transactions at a seasonally adjusted annual rate divided by previous quarter's seasonally adjusted level, shown at an annual rate. Return to table

Release Highlights Third Quarter 2022

Topic Description
National Income and Product Accounts annual update The statistics in this publication reflect the 2022 annual update of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs) released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) on September 29, 2022, as well as information for 2022:Q3 released by BEA on November 30, 2022. See the October 2022 issue of the Survey of Current Business at for details on the 2022 annual update.
Fixed assets annual update Investment, depreciation, and capital stock data for private and government sectors have been revised beginning in 2017 to reflect updated annual estimates of fixed assets from BEA.
Nonfinancial corporate business corporate equity issuance Beginning 2008:Q1, nonfinancial corporate business corporate equity issuance (tables F.223 and L.223) has been revised to incorporate new source data for private equity issuance. Levels are unaffected; however, residually computed revaluations also revised.
U.S.-Chartered depository institutions mutual funds and corporate equities U.S.-Chartered depository institutions sector (tables F.111 and L.111) holdings of mutual funds and corporate equities have been revised to reflect improved methodology for estimating revaluations. Revaluations and levels outstanding have been adjusted for all periods.
Tax on foreign earnings retained abroad of holding companies and securities brokers and dealers Beginning 2009:Q1, tax on foreign earnings retained abroad of securities brokers and dealers (tables F.130 and L.130) has been reassigned to holding companies (tables F.131 and L.131), to align with changes in sector holdings of U.S. direct investment abroad that were incorporated in the September 2022 Z.1 release.
Commercial real estate Levels and capital gains for commercial real estate (CRE) have been revised beginning 1996:Q2. Capital gains are now estimated using end-of-quarter values of a CRE price index (FI075035503) instead of quarterly averages of that index. The affected series are 115035033 (nonfinancial noncorporate business CRE), 105035033 (nonfinancial corporate business CRE), 165035033 (nonprofit organizations CRE), and 665035003 (security and brokers dealers CRE).
Financial Soundness Indicators moving to International Monetary Fund webpage Beginning with the March 2023 Z.1 release, Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs) Table 1 and Annex tables 5-8 will no longer be available on the Financial Accounts Guide International Data Submissions webpage. Beginning late December 2022, FSIs will be updated to conform with guidelines described in the IMF 2019 Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide, and will be available quarterly on the International Monetary Funds website.

Explanatory Notes

Financial Accounts of the United States

The Statistical Release Z.1, "Financial Accounts of the United States," or Financial Accounts, is organized into the following sections:

  • Matrices summarizing transactions and levels across sectors and tables on debt growth, net national wealth, gross domestic product (GDP), national income, saving, and so on
  • Transactions of financial assets and liabilities, by sector and by financial instrument
  • Levels of financial assets and liabilities, by sector and by financial instrument
  • Balance sheets, including nonfinancial assets, and changes in net worth for households and nonprofit organizations, nonfinancial corporate businesses, and nonfinancial noncorporate businesses
  • Supplementary balance sheet tables for the household sector, nonprofit organization sector, and the household and nonprofit organization sector with additional equity detail
  • Integrated Macroeconomic Accounts (IMA)

The IMA relate production, income, saving, and capital formation from the Bureau of Economic Analysiss (BEA) national income and product accounts (NIPA) to changes in net worth from the Financial Accounts on a sector-by-sector basis. The IMA are published jointly by the Federal Reserve Board and the BEA and are based on international guidelines and terminology as defined in the System of National Accounts (SNA2008).

Federal Reserve Board staff have taken many steps over the past several years to conform the Financial Accounts with the SNA2008 guidelines. Nonetheless, a few important differences remain. In particular, the following in the Financial Accounts:

  • The purchase of consumer durables is treated as investment rather than as consumption.
  • Nonfinancial noncorporate businesses (which are often small businesses) are shown in a separate sector rather than being included in the household sector.
  • Some debt securities are recorded at book value rather than market value.

Concepts of Levels and Transactions in the SNA and the Financial Accounts

The level of an asset or liability (also referred to as the "stock" or "outstanding") measures the value of the asset or liability in existence at a point in time. In the Financial Accounts, the levels are reported as of the end of each calendar quarter. In the SNA2008, the change in the level from one period to the next is called the economic flow, and can be decomposed into three broad elements: transactions, which measure the exchange of assets; revaluations, which measure holding gains and losses; and other changes in volume, which measure discontinuities or breaks in time series due to disaster losses or a change in source data or definition. In practice, other volume changes are relatively rare, and revaluations occur only for series carried at market value (such as corporate equities and mutual fund shares), so for many series the change in the level is equal to transactions.

Growth Rates

Growth rates calculated from levels include revaluations and other changes in volume. In order to isolate the effect of transactions on growth of a given asset or liability, users should calculate the ratio of transactions in a given period to the level in the preceding period.

Growth rates in table D.1 are calculated by dividing transactions at a seasonally adjusted annual rate from table D.2 by seasonally adjusted levels at the end of the previous period from table D.3. Growth rates calculated from changes in unadjusted levels may differ from those in table D.1.

Seasonal Adjustment

Seasonal factors are recalculated and updated with the December release of third-quarter data. Series that exhibit significant seasonal patterns are adjusted. Seasonal factors are generated using the X-13-ARIMA seasonal adjustment program from the U.S. Census Bureau, estimated using the most recent 10 years of transaction data. Due to distortions of seasonal patterns caused by financial crises, seasonal factors for affected series are extrapolated using pre-crisis data until several years of post-crisis data are available. Seasonally adjusted levels shown in table D.3 are derived by carrying forward year-end levels by seasonally adjusted transactions.

Data Revisions

Data shown for the most recent quarters are based on preliminary and potentially incomplete information. A summary list of the most recent data available for each sector is provided in a table following these notes. Nonetheless, when source data are revised or estimation methods are improved, all data are subject to revision. There is no specific revision schedule; rather, data are revised on an ongoing basis. In each release of the Financial Accounts, major revisions are highlighted at the beginning of the publication.


The data in the Financial Accounts come from a large variety of sources and are subject to limitations and uncertainty due to measurement errors, missing information, and incompatibilities among data sources. The size of this uncertainty cannot be quantified, but its existence is acknowledged by the inclusion of "statistical discrepancies" for various sectors and financial instruments.

The discrepancy for a given sector is defined as the difference between the aggregate value of the sectors sources of funds and the value of its uses of funds. Sources of funds are gross savings less net capital transfers paid and net increase in liabilities; uses of funds are capital expenditures and the net acquisition of financial assets. If a sectors sources of funds are greater than its uses of funds, the sector is a net lender of funds in the accounts. In the reverse case, the sector would be a net borrower of funds. Most of the data for deriving gross savings come from the BEA's NIPA. For a financial instrument category, the discrepancy is defined as the difference between the measurement of funds raised through the financial instrument and funds disbursed through that instrument. The relative size of the statistical discrepancy is one indication of the quality of the underlying source data. Note that differences in seasonal adjustment procedures sometimes result in quarterly discrepancies that partially or completely offset each other in the annual data.

Financial Accounts Guide

Substantially more detail on the construction of the Financial Accounts is available in the Financial Accounts Guide, which provides interactive, online documentation for each data series. The tools and descriptions in the guide are designed to help users understand the structure and content of the Financial Accounts.

Each input and calculated series in the Z.1 is identified according to a unique string of patterned numbers and letters. The series structure page of the guide provides a breakdown of what the letters and numbers represent in the series mnemonics. Some data submissions to international organizations are also available in the guide. The guide is updated with the quarterly release and is available online:

Enhanced Financial Accounts and Data Visualization

Additional supplementary information is available online in the Enhanced Financial Accounts, which augment the Financial Accounts with finer detail, additional types of activities, higher-frequency data, and more-disaggregated data. Links to the Enhanced Financial Accounts are available from both the Financial Accounts Guide page and the main release page. In addition, interactive online data visualizations are available for selected components of the Financial Accounts and Enhanced Financial Accounts. Links are available also on the same pages.

Production Schedule

The Financial Accounts are published four times per year, about 10 weeks following the end of each calendar quarter. The publication is available online:

This website also provides CSV files of quarterly data for transactions at a seasonally adjusted annual rate, unadjusted transactions, outstandings, balance sheets, debt (tables D.1, D.2, and D.3), supplementary tables, and the IMA.

In addition, the data are available as customizable datasets through the Federal Reserve Board's Data Download Program at:

Description of Most Recent Data Available

Sector Table Available at time of publication
National income and product accounts (NIPA) (various tables) Second estimate, seasonally adjusted, for 2022:Q3. Corporate profits through 2022:Q3 (preliminary). Government receipts and expenditures unadjusted transactions from 1952:Q1 forward. GDP and income unadjusted transactions from 2002:Q1 forward. Many BEA series are downloaded via Haver Analytics.
Households and nonprofitorganizations sector(tables F.101 and L.101) Estimates are largely residual, derived from other sectors' data. Data for consumer credit, which are estimated directly, are available through 2022:Q3. Internal Revenue Service Statistics of Income (IRS/SOI) data for Section 501(c)(3-9) nonprofit organizations and private foundations and Section 4947(a)(1) Nonexempt Charitable Trusts are available through 2018 (table B.101.n). Data on hedge funds from SEC forms PF and ADV through 2022:Q2 (table B.101.f).
Nonfinancial corporate business (tables F.103 and L.103) Quarterly Financial Report (QFR) of the Census Bureau through 2022:Q3; IRS/SOI data through 2020. Securities offerings, mortgages, bank loans, commercial paper, and other loans through 2022:Q3. Corporate farm data through 2021; USDA forecast through 2022:Q3.
Nonfinancial noncorporate business(tables F.104 and L.104) IRS/SOI data through 2020; bank and finance company loans, and mortgage borrowing through 2022:Q3. Noncorporate farm data through 2021; USDA forecast through 2022:Q3.
Federal government(tables F.106 and L.106) Monthly Treasury Statement of Receipts and Outlays and Monthly Statement of the Public Debt through 2022:Q3. Loan program data through 2022:Q2.
State and local governments(tables F.107 and L.107) Gross offerings and retirements of municipal securities, deposits at banks, and nonmarketable U.S. government security issues through 2022:Q3. Data for total financial assets from Census Bureau through 2019:Q2. Additional financial asset detail from comprehensive annual financial reports of state and local governments through 2011:Q2.
Monetary authority(tables F.109 and L.109) All data through 2022:Q3.
U.S.-chartered depository institutions(tables F.111 and L.111) All data through 2022:Q3.
Foreign banking offices in U.S.(tables F.112 and L.112) All data through 2022:Q3.
Banks in U.S.-affiliated areas(tables F.113 and L.113) All data through 2022:Q3.
Credit unions(tables F.114 and L.114) Credit Union National Association and corporate Call Reports through 2022:Q3; Natural person Call Reports through 2022:Q2.
Property-casualty insurance companies(tables F.115 and L.115) All data through 2022:Q3 (excluding NJ-domiciled firms).
Life insurance companies(tables F.116 and L.116) All data through 2022:Q3 (NJ-domiciled firms extrapolated).
Private pension funds(tables F.118 and L.118) Internal Revenue Service/Department of Labor Form5500 data through 2020. Investment Company Institute data through 2022:Q2. BEA annual actuarial liability data through 2021:Q4.
Federal government retirement funds(tables F.119 and L.119) Data from the Monthly Treasury Statement of Receipts and Outlays, the Thrift Savings Plan, and the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust through 2022:Q3. BEA annual actuarial liability data through 2021:Q4.
State and local government employee retirement funds(tables F.120 and L.120) Census Bureau Annual Survey of Public Pensions through 2021:Q2. Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions through 2022:Q2. Investment Company Institute data through 2022:Q2. BEA annual actuarial liability data through 2021:Q4.
Money market funds(tables F.121 and L.121) All data through 2022:Q3.
Mutual funds(tables F.122 and L.122) All data through 2022:Q3.
Closed-end funds(tables F.123 and L.123) All data through 2022:Q3.
Exchange-traded funds(tables F.124 and L.124) All data through 2022:Q3.
Government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs)(tables F.125 and L.125) Data for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, REFCORP, Farmer Mac, FCS, and FHLB through 2022:Q3.
Agency- and GSE-backed mortgage pools(tables F.126 and L.126) Data for Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, Farmer Mac, and Ginnie Mae through 2022:Q3.
Issuers of assetbacked securities (ABS)(tables F.127 and L.127) All data for private mortgage pools, consumer credit, business loans, student loans, consumer leases, and trade credit securitization through 2022:Q3.
Finance companies(tables F.128 and L.128) All data through 2022:Q3.
Real estate investment trusts (REITs)(tables F.129 and L.129) All data through 2022:Q3.
Security brokers and dealers(tables F.130 and L.130) FOCUS reports through 2022:Q3; FOGS reports through 2022:Q2.
Holding companies(table F.131 and L.131) All data through 2022:Q3.
Other financial business(tables F.132 .and L.132) Estimates are largely residual, derived from other sectors' data. Financial statements of central clearing parties through 2022:Q3.
Rest of the world(tables F.133 and L.133) NIPA estimates, depository institutions' Call Reports, and Treasury International Capital System through 2022:Q3. International investment position and international transaction accounts through 2022:Q2.
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Last Update: December 9, 2022