Supervision & Regulation
The Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) and Dodd-Frank Act (DFA) stress tests are regulatory tools the Federal Reserve uses to ensure that financial institutions have robust capital planning processes and adequate capital.
SR 18-9: Frequently Asked Questions on the Appraisal Regulations and the Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines
The Federal Reserve uses reporting forms to collect data from bank holding companies, depository institutions, other financial and nonfinancial entities, and consumers. Use of the forms is required in some cases, voluntary in others.
The Federal Reserve is responsible for supervising--monitoring, inspecting, and examining--certain financial institutions to ensure that they comply with rules and regulations, and that they operate in a safe and sound manner. Supervision of financial institutions is tailored based on the size and complexity of the institution.
Regulation entails establishing the rules within which financial institutions must operate. This includes issuing specific regulations and guidelines governing the formation, operations, activities, and acquisitions of financial institutions. The Federal Reserve offers numerous resources to assist banking organizations and the public understand these rules and related expectations.
Banking Applications & Legal Developments
The Federal Reserve reviews applications submitted by bank holding companies, state member banks, savings and loan holding companies, foreign banking organizations, and other entities and individuals for approval to undertake various transactions, including mergers and acquisitions, and to engage in new activities.
The Federal Reserve also takes formal enforcement actions against regulated institutions for violations of laws, rules, or regulations, unsafe or unsound practices, breaches of fiduciary duty, and violations of final orders.
Banking Data & Structure
The Federal Reserve and the other federal banking agencies collect, maintain, analyze, and make available to the public a wide range of financial and banking structure data. These data are essential to formulating and conducting bank regulation and supervision and for the ongoing assessment of the overall soundness of the nation's banking system.