Industrial production rose 0.4 percent in May after falling 0.4 percent in April. The indexes for manufacturing and mining gained 0.2 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively, in May; the index for utilities climbed 2.1 percent. At 109.6 percent of its 2012 average, total industrial production was 2.0 percent higher in May than it was a year earlier. Capacity utilization for the industrial sector moved up 0.2 percentage point in May to 78.1 percent, a rate that is 1.7 percentage points below its long-run (1972–2018) average.
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization: Summary
|Industrial production||2012=100||Percent change|
|2019|| May '18 to
|Major market groups|
|Major industry groups|
|Manufacturing (see note below)||106.4||105.8||105.1||105.1||104.6||104.8||.6||-.6||-.6||.0||-.5||.2||.7|
|Capacity utilization||Percent of capacity|| Capacity
|2019|| May '18 to
|Manufacturing (see note below)||78.3||85.5||77.3||84.6||63.7||76.0||77.3||76.7||76.2||76.1||75.6||75.7||1.1|
|Primary and semifinished||80.4||86.4||78.1||87.8||63.9||77.2||77.4||77.2||76.7||76.7||75.7||76.0||1.4|
Moderate gains were widespread among the major market groups in May. The production of consumer goods rose 0.5 percent. An increase of 2.0 percent for consumer durables resulted from gains for all of its components but primarily reflected higher output of automotive products. The output of consumer nondurables edged up; an increase for consumer energy products was mostly offset by a decrease for non-energy nondurables. The indexes for business equipment and for defense and space equipment both increased modestly. The improvement for business equipment came despite a drop for transit equipment that resulted from a decrease in the output of commercial aircraft. The indexes for construction supplies, business supplies, and materials all moved up. The gain of 0.3 percent for materials was driven by increases for nondurable and energy materials.
Manufacturing output increased 0.2 percent in May after having decreased about 0.4 percent per month, on average, in the first four months of the year. In May, the production of durable goods rose 0.3 percent, while the output of nondurable goods edged up 0.1 percent. Among durables, gains of more than 1 percent were posted by wood products; machinery; electrical equipment, appliances, and components; and motor vehicles and parts. These increases were partially offset by decreases in primary metals and in aerospace and miscellaneous transportation equipment. Among nondurables, the only gain greater than 1 percent was recorded by plastics and rubber products, and the only decline greater than 1 percent was recorded by apparel and leather products. The index for other manufacturing (publishing and logging) decreased 0.9 percent last month; it has fallen 6.5 percent during the past 12 months.
The output of utilities increased 2.1 percent in May, with identically sized gains in the indexes for both natural gas and electric utilities. Mining output inched up 0.1 percent in May and was 10.0 percent above its level of a year earlier. The increase in the mining index for May reflected gains in oil and natural gas extraction that were mostly offset by a large decline for oil and gas well drilling.
Capacity utilization for manufacturing moved up 0.1 percentage point in May to 75.7 percent, a rate that is 2.6 percentage points below its long-run average. The utilization rates for durable and nondurable manufacturing were little changed, while the rate for other manufacturing (publishing and logging) slipped 0.4 percentage point. Capacity utilization for mining dipped to 91.3 percent but remained well above its long-run average of 87.1 percent. The operating rate for utilities jumped to 77.5 percent; even so, it was still about 8 percentage points below its long-run average.
The Federal Reserve Board issued its annual revision to the index of industrial production (IP) and the related measures of capacity utilization on March 27, 2019. The Economic Census for 2017 was not available from the U.S. Census Bureau, so no new annual benchmark data were included for manufacturing. Other annual data, including information on the mining of metallic and nonmetallic minerals (except fuels), were incorporated. The updated IP indexes included revisions to the monthly indicator (either product data or input data) and to seasonal factors for each industry. In addition, the estimation methods for some series were changed. Modifications to the methods for estimating the output of an industry affected the index from 1972 to the present.
Capacity and capacity utilization were revised to incorporate data through the fourth quarter of 2018 from the U.S. Census Bureau's Quarterly Survey of Plant Capacity Utilization along with new data on capacity from the U.S. Geological Survey, the U.S. Department of Energy, and other organizations.Note. The statistics in this release cover output, capacity, and capacity utilization in the U.S. industrial sector, which is defined by the Federal Reserve to comprise manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. Mining is defined as all industries in sector 21 of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); electric and gas utilities are those in NAICS sectors 2211 and 2212. Manufacturing comprises NAICS manufacturing industries (sector 31-33) plus the logging industry and the newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing industries. Logging and publishing are classified elsewhere in NAICS (under agriculture and information respectively), but historically they were considered to be manufacturing and were included in the industrial sector under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. In December 2002 the Federal Reserve reclassified all its industrial output data from the SIC system to NAICS.
G.17 Release Tables:
- Summary: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
- Chart 1: Industrial Production, Capacity, and Capacity Utilization
- Chart 2: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
- Chart 3: Industrial Production of Selected Industries
- Table 1: Industrial Production: Market and Industry Groups (percent change)
- Table 2: Industrial Production: Special Aggregates and Selected Detail (percent change)
- Table 3: Motor Vehicle Assemblies
- Table 4: Industrial Production Indexes: Market and Industry Group Summary
- Table 5: Industrial Production Indexes: Special Aggregates
- Table 6: Diffusion Indexes of Industrial Production
- Table 7: Capacity Utilization: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities
- Table 8: Industrial Capacity: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities (percent change)
- Table 9: Industrial Production: Gross Value of Products and Nonindustrial Supplies
- Table 10: Gross-Value-Weighted Industrial Production: Stage-of-Process Groups
- Table 11: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry
- Table 12: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing
- Table 13: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
- Table 14: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
- Table 15: Industrial Production: Reliability Estimates