FR 2900 (Commercial Banks)
Report of Deposits and Vault Cash
This report collects information on select deposits and vault cash from depository institutions.
OMB Control Number:
These data are the primary source for constructing the U.S. monetary aggregates and indexing the reserve requirement exemption amount and low reserve tranche amount annually as required by Section 19(b) of the Federal Reserve Act.
The Reports of Deposits are designed to implement the requirements of the Federal Reserve Act, as amended by both the Monetary Control Act of 1980 (MCA) and the Garn- St Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982 (Garn-St Germain Act). The MCA requires depository institutions that have transaction accounts or nonpersonal time deposits to maintain reserves in ratios of between zero percent and fourteen percent, as established by the Board. The Garn-St Germain Act imposes a reserve requirement ratio of zero percent on a specific amount (the reserve requirement exemption amount) of a depository institution's total reservable liabilities (transaction accounts, nonpersonal time deposits, and Eurocurrency liabilities) that are less than or equal to that amount. The Garn- St Germain Act also requires that, consistent with the Board's responsibility to monitor and control the monetary and credit aggregates, depository institutions which have a reserve requirement of zero percent be subject to less overall reporting requirements than depository institutions which have a reserve requirement of greater than zero percent. In 1990, the Board reduced the reserve requirement ratios applicable to nonpersonal time deposits and Eurocurrency liabilities to zero percent. In March 2006, the Federal Reserve discontinued compiling the M3 monetary aggregate. As a result of the elimination of M3, the indexation of the nonexempt deposit cutoff and the reduced reporting limit is based on the sum of total transaction accounts, savings deposits, and small time deposits, rather than total deposits. In July 2009, the FR 2900 instructions were revised to incorporate amendments to Regulation D as well as to enhance clarity. Effective March 26, 2020, the Board reduced the reserve requirement ratios applicable to all transaction accounts to zero percent, eliminating all reserve requirements. Annual indexation of the exemption and low reserve tranche amounts will continue even though reserve ratios on net transaction accounts have been set to zero percent. In April 2020, the Board deleted the numeric limits (formerly set at six) on certain kinds of transfers and withdrawals that may be made each month from "savings deposits" in Regulation D, a definitional change that affected the calculation and analysis of the monetary aggregates. In response to these two Board actions, the FR 2900 report collection was revised significantly. Revisions included ending the quarterly collection of the FR 2900, effective January 1, 2021 (the last report as-of-date was for December 21, 2020), and reducing the number of items collected weekly from 12 to five, effective for the report as-of-date April 12, 2021.
The panel consists of depository institutions (other than banking Edge and agreement corporations, U.S. branches and agencies of foreign banks, bankers' banks, and corporate credit unions) with gross liquid deposits and small time deposits greater than or equal to the deposit reporting limit set by the Board once a year.
Respondents submit data once a week reflecting daily data for a Tuesday-through-Monday reporting week.
Aggregate data are published in the Board's Statistical Release H.6 "Money Stock Measures" (www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/releases/statisticsdata.htm). Microdata are confidential.
The following documents describe "legitimate differences" between The Report of Deposits and Vault Cash (FR 2900) and the financial statements that each depository institution submits to its regulator at the end of each quarter (Statement of Financial Condition (NCUA 5300); Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income (FFIEC 031, FFIEC 041, and FFIEC 051); Report of Assets and Liabilities of U.S.Branches and Agencies of Foreign Banks (FFIEC 002)).
The legitimate difference documents are designed to assist depository institutions when completing their FR 2900 report by comparing certain FR 2900 items with similarly-defined items on the quarterly financial statements. In addition, the legitimate difference documents will help depository institutions better understand questions that may be asked by Federal Reserve System analysts when comparing data from the two reports, a process known as "interseries editing." Interseries editing enhances data quality by reconciling reporting discrepancies. Such discrepancies may be the result of a reporting error or may instead reflect legitimate differences between the items being compared.
Form: August 1997 (9.3 KB .PDF) | Instructions: Not available