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Release Date: January 2, 2020
Foreign Exchange Rates -- G.5A Annual
(Rates in currency units per U.S. dollar except as noted)


The table below shows the average rates of exchange in 2019 together with comparable figures for other years. Averages are based on daily noon buying rates for cable transfers in New York City certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

COUNTRY CURRENCY 2019 2018 2017 2016
*AUSTRALIA DOLLAR 0.6952 0.7481 0.7671 0.7445
BRAZIL REAL 3.9440 3.6513 3.1910 3.4839
CANADA DOLLAR 1.3269 1.2957 1.2984 1.3243
CHINA,P.R. YUAN 6.9081 6.6090 6.7569 6.6400
DENMARK KRONE 6.6703 6.3131 6.5957 6.7276
*EMU MEMBERS EURO 1.1194 1.1817 1.1301 1.1072
HONG KONG DOLLAR 7.8351 7.8376 7.7926 7.7620
INDIA RUPEE 70.38 68.37 65.07 67.16
JAPAN YEN 109.02 110.40 112.10 108.66
MALAYSIA RINGGIT 4.1416 4.0307 4.2982 4.1372
MEXICO PESO 19.247 19.218 18.884 18.667
*NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR 0.6591 0.6929 0.7111 0.6976
NORWAY KRONE 8.8001 8.1318 8.2679 8.3936
SINGAPORE DOLLAR 1.3641 1.3486 1.3802 1.3800
SOUTH AFRICA RAND 14.4475 13.2255 13.2943 14.6821
SOUTH KOREA WON 1165.80 1099.29 1129.04 1159.34
SRI LANKA RUPEE 178.514 162.253 152.435 145.735
SWEDEN KRONA 9.4604 8.6945 8.5430 8.5541
SWITZERLAND FRANC 0.9937 0.9784 0.9842 0.9848
TAIWAN DOLLAR 30.905 30.129 30.402 32.226
THAILAND BAHT 31.042 32.303 33.913 35.264
*UNITED KINGDOM POUND 1.2768 1.3363 1.2890 1.3555
VENEZUELA BOLIVAR 13269.17 4389210.4 9.97 9.28
Memo:
UNITED STATES DOLLAR  
1) BROAD JAN97=100 115.72 112.01 112.79 113.05
2) AFE MAR73=100 110.13 106.43 108.89 109.31
3) EME JAN97=100 122.79 119.03 118.09 118.20
4) BROAD - goods only JAN97=100 128.6422 122.9116 122.0689 122.3552
5) MAJOR - goods only MAR73=100 92.0268 89.0155 91.0794 91.4923
6) OITP - goods only JAN97=100 168.8685 159.8477 155.1898 155.2950

Effective on February 4, 2019, the Federal Reserve Board has changed the methodology used to construct the trade-weighted dollar indexes in the H.10, G.5, and G.5A releases. These changes, designed to improve the alignment of the currency weights with current U.S. trade patterns, include revisions to the calculation of the weighting scheme and country composition. In addition, the former Major index has been renamed as the Advanced Foreign Economies (AFE) index, and the Other Important Trading Partners (OITP) index has been renamed as the Emerging Market Economies (EME) index. The Federal Reserve Board will continue to release the dollar indexes based solely on trade in goods until December 31, 2019. These indexes are referred to as "Broad − goods only","Major − goods only", and "OITP − goods only". For more information on the new methodology, see "Revisions to the Federal Reserve Dollar Indexes."

Please visit the Currency Weights page (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/H10/Weights) for current weights and country composition of the Broad Index. The source for exchange rates not listed in the table above but used in the calculation of the Broad, AFE, and EME indexes is Bloomberg.

* U.S. dollars per currency unit.

1) A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of a broad group of major U.S. trading partners.
2) A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that are advanced foreign economies.
3) A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that are emerging market economies.
4) 5) 6) A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of a broad group of major U.S. trading partners, a subset of advanced foreign economies, and a subset of emerging market economies respectively--using weights based only on trade in goods.

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Last Update: January 02, 2020