Errata

The Federal Reserve revised this report on January 30, 2020, to reflect corrections to the sample restrictions for several questions discussed in the report. The revisions are listed below.

On page 13 in table 6, "Note: Among adults receiving any support from outside the home" has been removed.

On page 17 in figure 7, "Note: Among workers in the past month" has been added.

On page 31, third paragraph under "Living Arrangements," the numbers in the third sentence have been revised from "Nearly two-fifths" to "Thirty-six percent"; the numbers in the fourth sentence have been revised from "more than one-third" to "half."

On page 31 in table 18:

  • "To save money" has been revised for 18- to 21-year-olds from 63 to 67; for 25- to 29-year-olds from 86 to 87; and for 30- to 39-year-olds from 60 to 65.
  • "To provide financial assistance" has been revised for 18- to 21-year-olds from 15 to 18; for 22- to 24-year-olds from 29 to 30; for 25- to 29-year-olds from 38 to 36; and for 30- to 39-year-olds from 42 to 43.
  • "To care for family member or friend" has been revised for 18- to 21-year-olds from 13 to 16; for 22- to 24-year-olds from 20 to 25; for 25- to 29-year-olds from 25 to 30; and for 30- to 39-year-olds from 36 to 51.
  • "To receive help with child care" has been revised for 18- to 21-year-olds from 3 to 2; for 22- to 24-year-olds from 5 to 7; and for 30- to 39-year-olds from 14 to 13.
  • "Prefer living with others" has been revised for 18- to 21-year-olds from 31 to 35; for 22- to 24-year-olds from 37 to 34; for 25- to 29-year-olds from 33 to 30; and for 30- to 39-year-olds from 20 to 19.

On page 35 in figure 19, "Cost of own house our apartment" has been revised for white adults from 61 to 66; for black adults from 53 to 58; and for Hispanic adults from 49 to 56.

On page 44, second paragraph, the numbers in the second sentence have been revised from "5 percent" to "3 percent" and from "6 percent" to "5 percent."

On page 45 in table 26, "Overall" row, "Behind" has been revised from 8 to 10; "Current" has been revised from 43 to 42; and "Paid off" has been revised from 48 to 47.

Preface

This survey and report were prepared by the Consumer and Community Research Section of the Federal Reserve Board's Division of Consumer and Community Affairs (DCCA).

DCCA directs consumer- and community-related functions performed by the Board, including conducting research on financial services policies and practices and their implications for consumer financial stability, community development, and neighborhood stabilization.

DCCA staff members Alex Durante and Lisa Chen were the lead contributors to this report and survey. Cassandra Duchan, Kimberly Kreiss, Ellen Merry, Barbara Robles, Claudia Sahm, and Mike Zabek were also key staff contributors. Federal Reserve staff members Eric Belsky, Anna Alvarez Boyd, Andrea Brachtesende, David Buchholz, Jeff Larrimore, Madelyn Marchessault, and Susan Stawick provided valuable comments on the survey and report. Katherine Abraham, Mary Burke, Julia Cheney, Keith Ernst, Andrew Figura, Geoff Gerdes, Lisa Lee, Gavin Miller, Joshua Montes, Shannon Nelson, Michael Scherzer, James Spletzer, Alison Weingarden, and Josh Winters provided helpful feedback on new survey questions. The authors would like to thank Bob Torongo, Marlene Rosas, Mansour Fahimi, Frances Barlas, Elisa Chan, and Sergei Rodkin for their assistance fielding the survey.

If you have questions about the survey or this report, please email SHED@frb.gov.

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Last Update: January 30, 2020