February 2017

Managing Stigma during a Financial Crisis

Sriya Anbil


How should regulators design effective emergency lending facilities to mitigate stigma during a financial crisis? I explore this question using data from an unexpected disclosure of partial lists of banks that secretly borrowed from the lender of last resort during the Great Depression. I find evidence of stigma in that depositors withdrew more deposits from banks included on the lists in comparison with banks left off the lists. However, stigma dissipated for banks that were revealed earlier after subsequent banks were revealed. Overall, the results suggest that an emergency lending facility that never reveals bank identities would mitigate stigma.

Accessible materials (.zip)

Keywords: Great Depression, central bank, financial crisis, stigma

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2017.007

PDF: Full Paper

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Last Update: January 09, 2020