Supervisory Policy and Guidance Topics
Supervision of International Activities of U.S. Banking Organizations
The Federal Reserve has supervisory and regulatory responsibility for the international operations of member banks, bank holding companies, and Edge and agreement corporations. The international activities of U.S.–chartered banks include lending to and accepting deposits from foreign customers at the banks’ U.S. offices and engaging in other financial transactions with foreign counterparts. Some additional responsibilities include:
- authorizing the establishment of foreign branches of national banks and state member banks and regulating the scope of their activities;
- chartering and regulating the activities of Edge and agreement corporations, which are specialized institutions used for international and foreign business;
- authorizing foreign investments of member banks, Edge and agreement corporations, and bank holding companies and regulating the activities of foreign firms acquired by such investors; and
- establishing supervisory policy and practices regarding foreign lending by state member banks
The bulk of the international business of U.S.–chartered banks takes place at their branch offices located abroad and at their foreign-incorporated subsidiaries, usually wholly owned. Increasingly, U.S. banks are also offering a range of sophisticated financial products to residents of other countries and to U.S. firms abroad. (Federal Reserve System: Purposes and Functions)
Policy LettersSupervision of International Activities of U.S. Banking Organizations
Timing Expectations for the Completion of Safety-and-Soundness Examination and Inspection Reports for Regional Banking Organizations
Managing Foreign Exchange Settlement Risks for Physically Settled Transactions
Timing Standards for the Completion of Safety-and-Soundness Examination and Inspection Reports for Community Banking Organizations
Consolidated Supervision of Bank Holding Companies and the Combined U.S. Operations of Foreign Banking Organizations
Guidance on Monitoring Compliance with the Restrictions on Foreign Investments Contained in Regulation K and Guidance for Internationally Active Domestic Banking Organizations on Recordkeeping Requirements Regarding Foreign Investments
Deposits Held in Foreign Branches of U.S. Banks
Advances by Banking Edge Corporations to Parent Institutions
Rating System For International Examinations
- Federal Reserve Legal Interpretations (Foreign Banks/International Banking)
- Regulation K
Additional Resources 2
- Bank Holding Company Supervision Manual
- Section 3550.0, "Section 4(c)(13) of the BHC Act (International Activities of Bank Holding Companies)"
- Section 4090.0, "Country Risk"
- Commercial Bank Examination Manual
- Section 7000, "International – Examination Overview and Strategy"
- Section 7040, "International – Country Risk and Transfer Risk"
- Section 7020.1, "International – Loan Portfolio Management"