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Release Date: November 16, 2023
Table 7 Capacity Utilization
Percent of capacity, seasonally adjusted                            
Item NAICS 2022
proportion
1972-
2022
ave.
1994-
95
high
 
2009
low
   
2023 2023
Q1 Q2[r] Q3[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[r] Sept.[r] Oct.[p]
Total industry   100.00 79.7 85.0 66.6 79.6 79.4 79.5 79.5 78.9 79.6 79.5 79.5 78.9
           
Manufacturing[1]   74.13 78.2 84.6 63.4 78.2 78.0 77.8 78.2 77.6 77.8 77.7 77.8 77.2
Manufacturing (NAICS) 31-33 72.54 78.2 84.7 63.3 78.1 78.1 77.7 78.2 77.6 77.8 77.7 77.8 77.1
           
Durable manufacturing   37.23 76.8 83.7 58.2 75.7 76.1 76.1 76.3 75.7 76.2 76.0 76.0 74.9
Wood products 321 1.82 76.8 86.6 48.4 79.7 79.5 79.6 79.8 79.1 78.7 79.1 80.9 80.6
Nonmetallic mineral products 327 2.09 73.4 82.4 43.8 84.1 82.1 81.3 82.7 81.3 81.1 81.2 81.5 82.3
Primary metals 331 3.37 77.8 95.1 49.4 69.0 71.1 70.7 70.8 71.4 70.3 70.4 71.3 70.1
Fabricated metal products 332 5.85 78.0 83.7 63.5 78.5 78.2 77.7 78.3 78.4 77.9 77.4 77.7 77.6
Machinery 333 4.97 77.9 87.5 58.6 83.7 81.3 80.9 81.3 79.9 80.5 81.3 80.9 80.2
Computer and electronic products 334 4.77 77.1 84.5 69.9 68.3 69.2 70.1 68.9 69.6 70.3 70.3 69.8 70.8
Electrical equip., appliances,
and components
335 1.96 81.8 92.4 66.5 78.0 78.5 77.0 78.5 78.1 77.1 77.2 76.6 77.6
Motor vehicles and parts 3361-3 5.52 74.9 87.6 33.0 72.6 77.3 77.3 78.8 75.1 79.6 76.4 75.9 68.2
Aerospace and miscellaneous
transportation equipment
3364-9 3.47 73.9 72.0 72.2 68.0 68.9 70.8 69.1 70.1 70.2 71.0 71.2 71.9
Furniture and related products 337 1.07 77.5 82.8 53.4 73.5 72.0 70.6 71.9 72.0 70.4 71.4 70.1 69.2
Miscellaneous 339 2.33 77.0 81.0 68.1 82.5 80.6 81.2 79.8 81.4 80.7 81.1 81.8 81.5
           
Nondurable manufacturing   35.31 80.0 86.1 68.7 80.8 80.2 79.5 80.3 79.5 79.3 79.5 79.6 79.5
Food, beverage, and tobacco products 311,2 11.45 80.4 85.3 75.3 80.5 78.6 77.0 78.8 77.2 77.2 77.1 76.8 76.8
Textile and product mills 313,4 .63 78.3 91.7 54.1 69.6 68.6 70.4 69.3 67.5 71.4 69.7 70.2 70.4
Apparel and leather 315,6 .19 75.8 87.3 58.6 77.1 74.7 70.9 74.9 72.4 73.1 70.3 69.4 69.6
Paper 322 2.09 86.6 92.7 72.7 82.5 81.7 81.9 82.2 81.7 80.4 81.8 83.4 84.1
Printing and support 323 1.19 79.5 85.4 58.8 82.7 81.0 79.8 81.9 78.9 79.8 80.8 78.7 78.7
Petroleum and coal products 324 4.28 85.3 91.1 75.9 86.2 87.6 88.5 87.9 86.7 88.0 89.3 88.2 90.2
Chemicals 325 11.95 76.5 82.1 64.9 80.0 80.1 79.7 79.9 80.3 79.3 79.5 80.1 79.5
Plastics and rubber products 326 3.53 82.1 93.2 56.9 77.8 77.5 76.9 77.3 77.3 76.9 76.4 77.2 75.4
           
Other manufacturing (non-NAICS) 1133,5111 1.59 79.6 83.3 64.3 81.5 76.4 78.2 76.1 76.8 78.3 78.2 78.3 79.0
           
Mining 21 15.11 86.4 88.6 78.9 92.3 92.9 93.9 92.6 93.2 94.3 93.8 93.8 94.3
Utilities 2211,2 10.77 84.7 93.2 78.1 71.3 71.0 73.0 71.2 69.9 73.0 73.3 72.7 71.4
           
Selected high-technology industries   1.97 77.4 86.3 71.3 71.9 74.8 76.9 74.5 75.3 76.3 76.9 77.4 77.8
Computers and peripheral equipment 3341 .26 76.7 86.8 82.7 74.9 77.1 79.0 76.1 78.0 77.6 79.1 80.4 83.1
Communications equipment 3342 .44 75.5 86.1 77.3 67.4 69.7 75.9 69.1 71.3 73.8 76.1 77.8 78.1
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
3344 1.27 79.1 92.4 63.0 72.6 75.8 76.5 75.8 75.8 76.7 76.5 76.4 76.3
           
Measures excluding selected high-technology
industries
Total industry   98.03 79.8 84.9 66.3 79.7 79.5 79.6 79.6 79.0 79.7 79.6 79.5 78.9
Manufacturing[1]   72.16 78.3 84.5 62.9 78.4 78.1 77.8 78.3 77.6 77.8 77.7 77.8 77.2
           
Stage-of-process groups
Crude   19.34 85.6 90.0 76.9 90.1 90.6 91.6 90.5 90.9 91.6 91.4 91.8 92.2
Primary and semifinished   45.61 80.2 87.8 63.6 77.0 76.8 77.2 76.9 76.3 77.1 77.2 77.2 76.6
Finished   35.05 76.7 80.7 66.3 77.1 76.9 76.4 77.1 76.1 76.6 76.4 76.2 75.2
[r] Revised. [p] Preliminary.
[1] The composition of manufacturing is specified in a note for the summary table.
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Last Update: November 16, 2023