Community Reinvestment Act Rulemaking

The Community Reinvestment Act, or CRA, was signed into law in 1977 and is a seminal piece of legislation to address inequities in access to credit for low- and moderate-income individuals and communities. The Board, the FDIC, and the OCC have adopted substantially similar regulations implementing the CRA.

On October 24, 2023, the Board, the FDIC, and the OCC issued a final rule amending the agencies’ CRA regulations. In developing the final rule, the agencies’ objectives included updating the CRA regulations to strengthen the achievement of the core purpose of the statue, and adapting to changes in the banking industry, including the expanded role of mobile and online banking. The final rule reflects substantial feedback from stakeholders, including feedback received in response to the Board’s Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) issued in October 2020, and the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) issued by the three agencies in May 2022.

Final Rule

Most of the final rule’s new requirements are applicable beginning January 1, 2026. The remaining new requirements, including data reporting requirements, are applicable on January 1, 2027.

Open Board Meeting: Final rule to revise the regulation implementing the Community Reinvestment Act
October 24, 2023

Press Release
October 24th, 2023
Agencies issue final rule to strengthen and modernize Community Reinvestment Act regulations

Board Memo
October 24, 2023
Board Memo on Final Rule – Community Reinvestment Act (Regulation BB) (PDF)

October 24, 2023
Statement by Chair Jerome H. Powell (PDF)
Statement by Vice Chair for Supervision Michael S. Barr (PDF)
Statement by Governor Michelle W. Bowman (PDF)
Statement by Governor Christopher J. Waller (PDF)

Supplemental Rule

The Supplemental Rule extends the applicability date of the facility-based assessment areas and public file provisions from April 1, 2024, to January 1, 2026. Comment on the extension is requested.

Press Release
March 21, 2024
Agencies extend applicability date of certain provisions of their Community Reinvestment Act final rule

Additional CRA Resources
CRA Analytics Data Tables
The CRA Analytics Data Tables contain data used to conduct analyses in support of proposals to revise the CRA regulations. These data tables combine CRA small business and small farm data, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data, and manually extracted data from CRA performance evaluations. Bank and community attributes (e.g., assets, deposits, branching, and information about communities, such as the percentage of low- and moderate-income households) and other third-party vendor data supplement information provided in the data tables.

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Last Update: March 28, 2024